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Historic Firearms & Militaria 2-Day Live Auction

Firearms & Military Artifacts  >  Cowan's Auctions  >  Historic Firearms & Militaria 2-Day Live Auction

Historic Firearms & Militaria 2-Day Live Auction

by Cowan's Auctions
Wed, Nov  2, 2016  10:00 AM   Eastern
Cowan’s and Little John’s Major Fall Historic Firearms and Early Militaria: Live Salesroom Auction includes an excellent selection of fresh-to-the-market firearms, edged weapons and accoutrements.
Rare, Late 18th Century English Rebus Bible Rare, Late 18th Century English Rebus Bible

Rare, Late 18th Century English Rebus Bible

Lot #1 (Sale Order 1 of 1143)



Anon. The Hieroglyphick Bible, III Edition. 8 x 12.75 in. copy book/journal, likely kept by an English seaman, late 18th century. 46 leaves (92 pp), marbled paper boards. Each page has three (one page with four) selected verses from the King James Bible. The verses are identified along the left or top margins. Each verse is illustrated in rebus form, with many small watercolors throughout. A conservative count of just the Old Testament portion yields a count of over 630 images.

Flayderman apparently acquired this while researching his book, Scrimshaw and Scrimshanders: Whales and Whalemen (New Milford, CT, 1972). Each right hand page has "HKL Fgs" (with a common vertical between H and K) and a number at the bottom after each, possibly the author's initials? Besides each verse being noted, each also has initials and a sequential number, beginning with 364. There are 275 verses (one page with 4, one with 1, the rest with 3), thus the verses are numbered to 639.

This author was no ordinary seaman, however. In the book, especially the first half, God is represented by a disk with rays extending outward, and "Domini" (Latin) within the oval. Later the disk has the Greek letters for "Theos" and at the end, generally the disk has the Hebrew letters for "YHWH." The text portion is in a very neat hand. His walled towns are reminiscent of the "Nuremberg Chronicle" (Liber Chronicarum) woodcuts. All indications are that the maker was well-educated. We would suggest he may have been a chaplain or surgeon on the vessel, or perhaps a missionary setting out to save some souls.

The first 47 pages contain Old Testament verses. The last 33 pages cover the New Testament. Somewhat surprisingly, the middle 12 pages contain verses from the Apocrypha (2 Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus [Wisdom of Sira], Baruch, Bel & the Dragon, Maccabees [1 & 2]).

While there is no date, there are at least two coins with George III as well as the date of 1796. The military uniforms and styles of civilian clothing, as well as instrument forms all converge on the late 18th century as the most probable date for this Bible.

A wonderful piece of English folk art that certainly has more stories to tell than the ones suggested here. For example, in the verse Job 29: 15 ("I was eyes to the blind, and feet to the lame.") the artist portrays a man with a cane and dog as the rebus for "the blind." Many histories of guide dogs only trace them to post-WWI. However, there are mentions of guide dogs as early as the 16th century in English literature, and they are possibly depicted in an even earlier mural dating from the first century AD Herculaneum. The choices made for the verses and rebuses within them would be interesting in itself. Some bring a smile: in the verse from Galatians 6:11, his rebus for "letter" is a folded lettersheet with a red wax seal that is addressed "To the Galatians." Every "trip" through reveals new perspectives.

Flayderman and Marian Klamkin (1926-2012), a noted author of a number of books on topics ranging from White House china to folk sculpture, Shaker art, and more, made some attempts to publish this in the 1970s, with Flayderman revisiting the issue again in the 1980s and as late as 2002:This journal, a biblical rebus, has never, until recently, been seen outside of the New Bedford family in whose possession it has been for many generations. A rebus, by the way, is an enigmatical representation of words by pictures. The journal is a collection of verses from the Old and New Testament and possibly was written as a gift for a child. It is one of the most charming and effective examples of an eighteenth century hand-written and -illustrated journal that one could imagine.

...Instead of using illustrations that would relate to biblical times, the British sailor who devised and wrote this bible puzzle used contemporary eighteenth century figures, buildings, tools, musical instruments, uniforms, coins and other objects that would be familiar to anyone who attempted to untangle the puzzle....

The making of sea journals was a common pastime of sailors. … [and] often contained poetry, maxims and random thoughts of the homesick sailor. They were seldom written with any real plan and some record information about ports visited, unusual geological elevations or ship repairs. Therefore, in respect to other sea journals of the period, this biblical rebus is unique. Its author obviously had more talent for drawing and painting than he did for writing and he probably chose verses from the Bible that he felt would more easily adapt to the rebus form.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Water stain along right margin. Lower page edges slightly wrinkled from dampness, but no staining. Cover detached and spine nearly separated.

EST $ 15000-25000

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Observations Upon the Rise and Progress of the Late Rebellion Against K. Charles I, Early Handwritte Observations Upon the Rise and Progress of the Late Rebellion Against K. Charles I, Early Handwritte

Observations Upon the Rise and Progress of the Late Rebellion Against K. Charles I, Early Handwritte

Lot #2 (Sale Order 2 of 1143)

Bound manuscript on laid paper, 136 pp, with vellum cover, titled Observations Upon the Rise and Progress of the Late Rebellion Against K. Charles the first; In so far as it was carried on by a malcontented faction in Scotland, under the pretext of reformation.

Research indicates that the manuscript could possibly be an early copy of the Bishop of Dunkeld, Henry Guthrie's book published in 1702 as, The Memoirs of Henry Guthrie, Late Bishop of Dunkeld: Containing an Impartial Relation of the Affairs of Scotland, Civil and Ecclesiastical from the Year 1637 to the Death of King Charles I.

Henry Guthrie (also spelled Guthry) was a 17th-century Scottish historian and cleric. Even though King Charles I promoted him to minister in Stirling in 1632, Guthrie was ambiguously involved in the Covenanter Wars and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms that deposed the king and executed him in 1649. Later, he was stripped of his position in 1648 but reinstated in 1656. He became Bishop of Dunkeld in 1665 and held the position until his death in 1676. During his lifetime, he published an account of the rebellion. It was in circulation before it was officially printed in 1702. It is possible the manuscript offered in the lot is an early copy, produced either in 1650 or prior to its official printing. The British Museum catalog references a copy with a similar title with the publication date of 1702 in a folio. There are no other descriptive terms for the item; therefore, it is difficult to determine whether or not the manuscript is similar to the item offered here. No other sales records for a comparable copy have been discovered, making this an exceptionally rare piece.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some damage to the cover on the verso, toning of the paper, and light pencil markings from a previous owner. Light soiling on the first few pages; otherwise, the book is in remarkable condition.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Rev War-Era Archive Related to Samuel Holten, MA Statesman & Delegate to the Continental Congress Rev War-Era Archive Related to Samuel Holten, MA Statesman & Delegate to the Continental Congress

Rev War-Era Archive Related to Samuel Holten, MA Statesman & Delegate to the Continental Congress

Lot #3 (Sale Order 3 of 1143)

Collection of 23 papers related to Samuel Holten (1738-1816) spanning from 1751-1814, including: land deeds, requests to pay debts, notes to Holten concerning legal cases, receipts, documents signed and written by Holten, and more.

Physician by trade and politician by passion, Samuel Holten was a zealous Whig who dedicated his life to public service. He began his political career serving as a member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress from 1774 to 1775 and the Massachusetts Committee of Safety in 1775. A curious portion of a document in the lot simply labeled A draft concerning grievances reads:

The King of Britain is our Sovereign, we bear true allegiance to him and are pleading for his just [illegible] expecting the colonies- That part of the government of the colonies, which of right belongs to the crown ought to be unrestrained and free from every their check but what arises from that share of the Government which our own Houses of Assembly hold of exercise by charter, and should be left to the free exercise of all that [illegible] granted to them by charter there would be no danger of Indepency on the crown. Our charter gives great Power to the crown in its Representative fully sufficient to alliance analogous to the [illegible] all the Liberty privileges reserved to the People--not alaw can pass not a penny of public money can be raised or disposed of by his consent, and should any act of assembly that may be disagreeable to the King accidentally obtain the Governor's consent it may be annuled in time three years by the King. The government has appointment of all executive officers with the Consult of council and solely all of the military officers. He has a negative upon the choice of counsellors, upon the speaker of the House and upon the few civil officers, that are chosen by both Houses,….

The document is not in Holten’s hand. However, an annotation on the margin of the document appears to be written by him. His annotation suggests that another individual drafted the proposal and either sent or gave it to Holten to review. The draft of grievances was most likely produced for either the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, Massachusetts Committee of Safety, or at a local Town Meeting prior to the American Revolutionary War. For entire document, please go to www.cowans.com

On May 20, 1774 the Parliament of Great Britain passed the Massachusetts Government Act and revoked the Massachusetts Charter of 1691. The 1691 Charter established English rule of the colony by appointing a governor, deputy governor and secretary, to be elected by members of the council. It rescinded many of its rights of self-government previously enjoyed by Massachusetts and Plymouth authorities by moving power from elected officials to royally appointed governors. By annulling the charter, the crown reduced Boston to a crown colony, installing a military government and forbidding unapproved town meetings. The charter mentioned in the document is most likely the Massachusetts Charter of 1691. Unable to tolerate the oppression from the crown, Massachusetts men organized the Massachusetts Provincial Congress to discuss whether or not they should rebel. Headed by its President John Hancock, it began meeting in secret on October 7, 1774. Other members of the body included Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, and Samuel Holten. Prior to the first meeting, on October 4, 1774, the people of Worcester elected Thomas Bigelow as their representative for the Provincial Congress.

Holten acted as a representative for Massachusetts for the Continental Congress from 1778-1780, 1783-1785, and 1787. During his terms, he signed the Articles of Confederation and acted as its president pro tempore in August 1785. He held many other important political positions at the state level. On May 27, 1796 the first Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth, John Avery Jr., wrote to him, Agreeable to the directions of the two branches of the Legislature I have to inform your Honor that you have been elected by them a Counsellor to advise the Governor in the executive part of Government the ensuing year (Boston, May 27, 1796). That same year, he was elected judge in Essex County Probate Court. He kept that position until old age forced him to resign. Holten left the bench in 1815. He died at the beginning of the next year, January 2, 1816, at the age of 77.

The documents in the lot relate to Holten's long life of public service and personal life. For a more complete listing, please go to www.cowans.com

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Range in condition, most have folds and toning but the ink remains dark and legible. There are some brittle folds and edges on some of the documents.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Joseph Anderson, Revolutionary War Hero and Senator of Tennessee, Letters and Documents Signed Joseph Anderson, Revolutionary War Hero and Senator of Tennessee, Letters and Documents Signed

Joseph Anderson, Revolutionary War Hero and Senator of Tennessee, Letters and Documents Signed

Lot #4 (Sale Order 4 of 1143)

Lot of 10.

Anderson, Joseph (1757-1837). Revolutionary War hero, 21st President pro tempore of the United States Senate (1805), and Senator of Tennessee (1799-1815).

• LS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptrollers Office." July 3, 1821. Addressed to N. Williams. Anderson writes Williams concerning cargo on the Schooner Jane carried in 1819.;

• DS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptrollers Office." October 19, 1830. Account of customs for William Wood.

• ALS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptroller's Office." September 8, 1817. Addressed to Nathaniel Williams. Anderson informs Williams he may purchase a thermometer he requested.

• NS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptroller's Office." September 5, 1825. Addressed to Seth Williams. Anderson notes that he received Williams' oaths and bond.

• LS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptroller's Office." April 5, 1815. Addressed to Nathaniel Williams. Anderson grants a debenature(?) for a shipment of coffee sent by Bordman and Pope.

• ALS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptroller's Office." January 29, 1818. Addressed to Nathaniel Williams. Anderson writes Williams' that he must keep a better record of Treasury receipts.

• DS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptrollers Office." February 12, 1831. Account of customs paying fishermen suspended for want of vouchers.

• DS as Comptroller, 1 p, "Treasury Department, Comptrollers Office." January 20, 1830. Account of customs from October 11 to December 31, 1829.

• ALS, 1 p, "Circular to Collectors." January 21, 1832. Anderson writes that all coffee imported should reflect the present rates and be marked as such.

• ALS, 1 p,"Treasury Department, Comptrollers Office." November 16, 1829. Anderson lets Williams know that his bonds and ballots are renewed and approved.

Following the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, Joseph Anderson enlisted in the 3rd New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Army and rose to the rank of captain and paymaster in less than two years. He fought at the Battle of Monmouth and wintered at Valley Forge. In 1781, he transferred to the 1st New Jersey Regiment and fought at the Battle of Yorktown. President George Washington appointed Anderson United States judge of the newly formed Southwest Territory and he and his father-in-law represented Jefferson County at Tennessee's Constitutional Convention in 1796. The next year the Tennessee General Assembly elected him to the Senate. Although the position was supposed to be temporary, he was re-elected several times. He opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts, federal intervention into the issue of slavery, and the rechartering of the national bank, proposed by his fellow statesman, Andrew Jackson. After retiring from the Senate in 1815, President James Madison appointed him Comptroller of the US Treasury; a position he held until a year before his death in 1837.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Typical folds of all the paper, some have light toning. One document as some tears. Some brittle folds on a few.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Extraordinary Barbary Wars-Era, United States Naval Officer's POW Diary, Ca 1803-1805 Extraordinary Barbary Wars-Era, United States Naval Officer's POW Diary, Ca 1803-1805

Extraordinary Barbary Wars-Era, United States Naval Officer's POW Diary, Ca 1803-1805

Lot #5 (Sale Order 5 of 1143)

Journal containing approx. 131 pp of descriptive entries written by a naval officer serving aboard the US Frigate Philadelphia during the First Barbary War. In exciting detail, he records his capture and experiences as a POW under the control of a greedy bashaw on the North African coast from 1803 until 1805. The journal reads like a novel with stories of pirates, an intense naval battle, intrigue, love, betrayal, a daring escape attempt, and more. Outlandish as the account may seem, other published works by fellow prisoners confirm almost every detail. This important journal, however, has not been published.

The unidentified author dramatically begins:

Twelve years I have been a wanderer, a solitary wanderer on the earth; separated from life, children, relations, and friends, alone, thou' in the midst of company, and tho', in the course of that time, I have experienced critical situations, reduced circumstances, and the most painful dilemmas…It is an affair of great concern to the publik who, at a future day may require of me as well as of others, an account of it, I feel myself under a kind of obligation to commit to writing…from my memory a circumstantial statement of it: as far, at least as respects the loss of the Frigate Philadelphia and the consequent captivity of her Captain, officers and crew, amounting to one/three(?) hundred and seven persons.

The First Barbary War, also known as the Tripoli War, began as an action against practiced state-supported piracy that robbed the United States, Sweden, and other European traders of its valuable goods. Trade giants Great Britain and France approved of the measures taken by Tripoli and other North African countries because it nearly eliminated competition from other rising economic powers. Thomas Jefferson tried in vain to create a conglomeration of weaker European navies to protect themselves and United States’ ships from attack. Piracy persisted until finally, in 1801, the United States retaliated by raising a navy of six ships to fight against the Bashaw of Tripoli, Yusuf Qaramanli. The frigate Philadelphia was one of the ships built specifically for the conflict, and, in 1803, fell during the Second Battle of Tripoli Harbor. The author of the journal described the event:

On Monday, October 31st, 1803 at 9:00 a.m. being seven leagues to the Eastward of Tripoli…We immediately made sail in chase, and about ten, being within random shot and perceiving [a ship] was armed, began firing on her from the first and second division, larboard side. …. The ship ran aground, helpless in the face of constant fire…

With no way of defending themselves against capture, the crew furiously tried to salvage what they could from the ship. The author agonized on what he could save. He pocketed 30 doubloons and stuffed his wife's letters in his jacket.

Bainbridge commanded the crew to drill holes in the ship's bottom, dampen the gunpowder, set fire to the sheets, and throw all other weapons thrown overboard before surrendering.

The men took the captain and superior officers to their leader, the bashaw. They were interned in a prison, deprived of every enjoyment of life, mere existence accepted and cut off from all communication with the rest of mankind (January 1, 1805).

Unfortunately, the crew's attempts to destroy the ship failed. Later that month, enemy sailors repaired the holes and used the Philadelphia in battle. Too great of a prize to remain in enemy hands, Lieutenant Stephen Decatur Jr. and a party of volunteers from another ship boarded the Philadelphia under the cover of night, while pretending to be a ship in distress. They boarded the ship and set it on fire while its crew languished in Tripoli.

The author of the journal writes lengthy stories of betrayal, theft, intrigue, and a brave escape attempt that would have succeeded if the rescue boats were in position. Rather than risk their lives, the escapees returned to the prison without raising any suspicion. The journal ends Sunday, June 10, 1805, with a description of an ongoing negotiation between the captain and their warden.

Supplementary research included with the lot suggests that the author of the diary is Keith Spence. The identification is based on a letter he copies in his journal addressed to Mrs. Spence and son. However, The Huntington Library in California has a collection of Kenneth Spence’s family papers, including letters to his wife during his imprisonment. After further inspection and comparing the handwriting of the journal to Spence's papers, we determined that this is not the diary of Kenneth Spence but another officer on board.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The diary remains mostly intact with some damage to the binding, toning of the paper, and a few loose pages.

EST $ 6000 - 8000

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Engraved 16th Century Wheelock Powder Flask Engraved 16th Century Wheelock Powder Flask

Engraved 16th Century Wheelock Powder Flask

Lot #6 (Sale Order 6 of 1143)

12.75 in. long engraved horn powder flask for use with a wheelock. 2.75 in. spout and 10 in. body with wood plug on bottom. Two iron suspension rings. Engraved with classical motifs including the satyr, Pan, a Romanized version of the Egyptian god Anubis (Hermanubis - a dog headed man carrying a caduceus, guider of souls to the underworld), a naked Roman man, a Roman woman, a smaller satyr and numerous goats. Additional decoration includes leaves and geometric designs. A very old paper tag is attached to the bottom which has the following written in a lovely hand in very old ink: Gunpowder flasket once belonging to the Duke of Cesi and Aquasparta founder of the "Academia dei Lincei" (1606).

Frederico Cesi was the son of the Duke of Aquasparta and in 1603 he and his associates founded the Academia dei Lincei (Academy of the Lynxes) in Rome, which was also known as the Lyncaeorum Academia. This was the first exclusively scientific academy in the world and among its members were the Dutch physician John Heck and the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Very good overall. Fine carving and decoration with the flask showing appropriate age and wear for an item from the late 1500s or early 1600s. Some minor loss and chipping to the horn structure, particularly at the spout. Small void in Pan's body. Some chipping and loss to the wood base. Old collection tag is probably from the 19th century and is difficult to authenticate, but blends nicely with the motifs depicted on the flask and shows good age. A very nice and scarce example of a very early powder flask.

EST $ 1500 - 3000

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Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle by Nicholas Beyer Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle by Nicholas Beyer

Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle by Nicholas Beyer

Lot #7 (Sale Order 7 of 1143)

.44 caliber, 43 in. rifled octagonal barrel. The top flat of the barrel is engraved N* Beyer*, with a brass blade front sight and a fixed dovetail rear sight. The trigger features Beyers typical rear flare. The stock is mounted with brass furniture, including a fore end cap, ferrules, trigger guard with finger spur, sideplate, buttplate and a toe plate. The butt also features an engraved brass four piece patchbox that features a figural stork in the typical style of Beyer. The curly maple stock features serpentine incised along the side of the barrel, with relief carvings at the tang and on either side of the lock and sideplate. The butt also features ornate incisions and relief carvings. An oval German silver thumbprint is pinned at the wrist. With hickory ramrod. Nicholas Beyer was a master gunsmith of the Lebanon, Pennsylvania school, active in the early 19th century.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The barrel has a mostly a gunmetal grey mixing with brown patina, with light speckling throughout, and light pitting near the pan. Very sharp and crisp markings on the barrel. Lockplate with dark brown patina and pitting under the pan. Pitting around the touch hole protruding onto the barrel. The stock has been expertly repaired at the wrist and an old repaired about 16" from the muzzle. Carving is very nice and stock has rich patina. Ramrod is a proper replacement. Overall this is a very nice Beyer rifle.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle by A. Altland Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle by A. Altland

Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle by A. Altland

Lot #8 (Sale Order 8 of 1143)

.40 caliber, 43.5 in. rifled octagonal barrel with deep groove rifling. The barrel is signed A. Altland in cursive, and features a German silver blade front sight and an engraved notched dovetail rear sight. Relief carvings are found around the underside of the rear ferrule, and around the lock, tang and engraved brass sideplate. The butt also features exquisite raised carvings around the raised cheek piece. A silver oval thumbprint is behind the relief carvings around the tang. Stock with brass furniture, including a finely engraved four piece brass patchbox. Stripped ramrod.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The barrel and lock have an even untouched patina. A small hairline crack about 13 in. from the muzzle. The stock has some nicks and dings, but is in a mostly very good condition. The bore is good and will clean to very good. The action is good. Brass with nice untouched patina. Stock may be an old refinish. Some nicks and dings.

EST $ 8000 - 10000

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Full-stock Early American Iron Mounted Flintlock Rifle Full-stock Early American Iron Mounted Flintlock Rifle

Full-stock Early American Iron Mounted Flintlock Rifle

Lot #9 (Sale Order 9 of 1143)

.58 caliber, 42 in. octagonal rifled barrel. A maker's mark appears stamped on the left of the barrel, however it is indiscernible. With German silver blade front sight and split dovetail rear sight. The lock is unmarked. With brass sideplate and brass trigger guard with a finial and finger spur. Full stock with raised cheek piece and a restored curly maple patchbox. The rifle appears to likely be from Eastern Pennsylvania.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The barrel and lock have a dark brown patina, with some areas of oxidization. The stock has some old repairs along the edge of the barrel, along with an old repair behind the tang. There is an area of wear on the stock directly above the hammer. The trigger does not function properly. The bore needs to be cleaned.

EST $ 1500 - 2500

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Curly Ash Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle Curly Ash Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle

Curly Ash Full-stock Flintlock Kentucky Rifle

Lot #10 (Sale Order 10 of 1143)

.44 caliber, 45 in. octagonal barrel. The barrel has a German silver blade front sight and notched rear sight. The barrel and lock are both unmarked. The rifle features a brass sideplate and a brass trigger guard with a finger spur. The curly ash stock has a beautiful grain, with a raised cheek piece that features an inlaid eight-pointed star. Stock with incised carving. It also has a unique brass two-piece patchbox, with an almost fleur-de-lis form. With a brass crescent style buttplate and an ash ramrod.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Barrel with dark brown patina. Lockplate has even look with the barrel. Stock has been cleaned. Brass with nice patina. Ramrod is a replacement.

EST $ 2500 - 3500

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Full-stock Kentucky Flintlock Rifle Attributed to Frederick Sell Full-stock Kentucky Flintlock Rifle Attributed to Frederick Sell

Full-stock Kentucky Flintlock Rifle Attributed to Frederick Sell

Lot #11 (Sale Order 11 of 1143)

Attributed to Frederick Sell, the younger. Reconverted to flintlock. .46 caliber, 39.5 in. rifled octagonal barrel. German silver blade front sight with split dovetail rear sight. With unmarked brass lock and engraved brass sideplate. The curly maple stock features incised carved moldings along the length of the barrel, with raised carvings around the fore end ferrule and also around the lock, sideplate and tang. The butt also features raised carvings, along with an engraved brass three-piece patchbox. The cheek piece has an inlaid and engraved silver eight point star. There is also an inlaid silver oval thumbpiece behind the tang relief carvings. The oval appears to have the initials B.C.M., but the engraving is hard to distinguish. Stock with brass furniture, including a crescent buttplate with an engraved floorplate.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The barrel has a nice untouched dark patina. The stock has an old repaired crack on either side of the center brass ferrule. The carvings on the stock are excellent. The bore and action are good.

EST $ 10000 - 20000

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US Model 1842 Percussion Pistol by H. Aston US Model 1842 Percussion Pistol by H. Aston

US Model 1842 Percussion Pistol by H. Aston

Lot #12 (Sale Order 12 of 1143)

.54 caliber, 8.5 in. barrel. Top of barrel is marked near the breech in four lines M.S. / U.S. / G.W. / P. Dated 1851 on the top of the tang near the breech. Lockplate marked U.S. / H. Aston & Co., and in the rear of the lockplate, Middtn, Conn dated 1851. Brass furniture with walnut stock. The stock bears two inspector's cartouches, and is stamped JH.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Barrel has been lightly polished to bright with some light staining. Lock and hammer with sharp markings and traces of light staining. Brass with tarnished look. Stock with open-grained look and two mint cartouches.

EST $ 1500 - 2000

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British Boxlock Flintlock Pistol by W. Jover Inscribed to British Naval Hero, Adm. Lord Nelson, 1794 British Boxlock Flintlock Pistol by W. Jover Inscribed to British Naval Hero, Adm. Lord Nelson, 1794

British Boxlock Flintlock Pistol by W. Jover Inscribed to British Naval Hero, Adm. Lord Nelson, 1794

Lot #13 (Sale Order 13 of 1143)

.50 bore diameter, 2 in. smooth bore barrel length, no S/N. Markings on the left side of the frame in 2 lines W. Jover over London. Right side of frame engraved with panoply of arms. German silver plaque on the backside of the grips with inscription H. Nelson R.N. 1794. Proof marks on the frame and barrel. Walnut stock and folding trigger. While the gun and inscription are likely of the period, we cannot confirm that the pistol belonged to Horatio Lord Nelson.

Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson (1758-1805) was a British naval commander and national hero, famous for his naval victories in the Napoleonic Wars. The tragedy of his mother's death allowed Nelson to begin his naval career at age twelve, when his uncle, Captain Maurice Suckling, agreed to take him to sea. Spending his formative years at sea allowed him to grow into an impressive young man with an unparalleled knowledge of navigation and nautical warfare. When he reached twenty years of age, he passed the examination for lieutenant and sailed for the West Indies. He was promoted to captain two years later, in 1779, and given command of the frigate HMS Hinchingbroke. Peace after the American Revolution did not suit him well. Policies enacted by the defeat caused him to work at half pay and without assignment until Britain entered the French Revolutionary Wars in 1793. He took command of the Agamemnon and helped capture Corsica. He saw battle at Calvi, but lost sight in his right eye after a shower of gravel hit him in the face. Later, he lost his right arm at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife while leading one of the landing parties in an assault. The loss of an eye and limb did not hinder his ability to command. In the most overwhelming victory in the age of sail, he successfully destroyed Napoleon's fleet at the Battle of the Nile in 1798 which opened a direct trade route to India. By 1801, he earned a promotion to vice-admiral and continued to display British naval dominance over the French until his death at the battle of Cape Trafalgar. In the thick of heavy fire, a sniper shot him while he sent out his last signal to his fleet, "England expects that every man will do his duty". His parting words solidified his position as one of Great Britain's most heroic figures. Instead of burying him at sea, his men preserved his body in brandy and transported him back to England where he received a state funeral; a fitting tribute to one of the greatest officers in the history of the Royal Navy.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Nice gray patina blending with some staining on the metal surfaces with very light salt and pepper pitting. The markings and engraving are sharp and crisp. The stocks are very good with minor nicks and dings. Mechanically good. Bore is good.

EST $ 2000 - 4000

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Early USMC Musician's Brass Eagle Hilt Sword Early USMC Musician's Brass Eagle Hilt Sword

Early USMC Musician's Brass Eagle Hilt Sword

Lot #14 (Sale Order 14 of 1143)

28 in. engraved blade. These ca 1820s-1830s solid brass-hilted eagle pommel swords were unidentified for many years until Norm Flayderman turned up sketches of swords in the work books of the Widmann Sword Factory in Philadelphia. The books were brought by a workman of Widmann’s to the Horstmann Company after Widmann’s death in 1848, when Horstmann incorporated the Widmann operation into his own.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Good.

EST $ 1500 - 2000

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US Starr Model 1798 Cavalry Saber US Starr Model 1798 Cavalry Saber

US Starr Model 1798 Cavalry Saber

Lot #15 (Sale Order 15 of 1143)

33.5 in. blade with fuller near false edge. Marked near the guard U.S. and dated 1799. Iron guard with leather and brass wrapped handle. No scabbard. Rare sword.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Blade, guard and pommel have nice untouched dark patina. Handle still retains most of the leather with some stains of brass wire remaining. Overall very good.

EST $ 1000 - 2000

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American Naval Dirk by Wm. Read American Naval Dirk by Wm. Read

American Naval Dirk by Wm. Read

Lot #16 (Sale Order 16 of 1143)

>15.5 in. spear point blade, silver guard with hallmarks. Ivory octagonal shaped handle with silver capped pommel. Leather scabbard with silver band and throat. Marked on the throat, Wm Reed Nephew Cutlers Portsmouth.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Blade has some dark staining. Some traces of high blue finish near the guard. Scabbard has been re-wrapped in leather. Overall good.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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American Naval Officer's Dirk With Eagle and Anchor Pommel American Naval Officer's Dirk With Eagle and Anchor Pommel

American Naval Officer's Dirk With Eagle and Anchor Pommel

Lot #17 (Sale Order 17 of 1143)

4 in. spear point blade, 7.25 in. in overall length with baluster turned bone grip. Gold gilt brass mounts and guard with a spread winged eagle over anchor on the pommel cap. Gold gilt brass scabbard with two suspension rings.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Very good, with the blade retaining some original polish, but showing evenly distributed surface oxidation and discoloration as well. Mounts in fine condition retaining much of their original gold gilt. Original leather throat washer in place. Pommel cap in fine condition as well with crisp motifs. Bone grip has a lovely mottled ivory color with flecks of brown throughout. Grip, mounts and blade are solid without any looseness. Scabbard fine as well, much original gilt finish remaining. A very attractive diminutive American naval dirk.

EST $ 1500 - 2000

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American Naval Officer's Dirk American Naval Officer's Dirk

American Naval Officer's Dirk

Lot #18 (Sale Order 18 of 1143)

7.5 in. spear point blade, 12.5 in. overall length. Bone hilt. Brass crossguard with acorn finials and brass ferrule. Blued blade etched with floral patterns and martial naval motifs with gold gilt highlights. Brass sheet metal scabbard with two suspension rings. Engraved with an American Eagle motif and a fouled anchor, as well as floral splays.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Good to very good overall. Blade retains some of its original blued finish which has faded and dulled with age, and shows scattered surface oxidation and discoloration. Unfinished portion of blade with dull pewter patina and scattered discoloration. Blade shows minor scattered pinpricking. Hilt with some longitudinal cracks and a chip on the upper reverse of the grip. The bone has a nice rich ivory tone to it with some scattered surface scuffs and scratches. Scabbard in about fine condition with traces of original gold gilt in protected areas. Engraving remains crisp and sharp.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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American Eagle Head Dirk American Eagle Head Dirk

American Eagle Head Dirk

Lot #19 (Sale Order 19 of 1143)

5.25 in. spear point blade with oval cross section, 9 in. in overall length. Baluster turned bone grip with Eagle head pommel cap and 3.125 in. long guard. Mounts are not hall marked and are probably coin silver. Blued blade etched with floral motifs on both sides, and with an American Eagle on the reverse and panoplies of arms on the obverse, all highlighted with gold gilt. Silver plated metal scabbard with suspension two rings.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Good to very good overall. Blade retains some original bright blued finish, which had faded and dulled to a dark blue-gray patina. Etched decorations remain clear and retain much of their original gold gilt. The mounts have a medium pewter patina and remain in fine condition. The bone grip has two large chips at the base of the pommel cap, as well as some longitudinal cracks. The eagle head pommel cap is loose and will rotate. The scabbard has a chip missing at the throat on the obverse and shows some minor bumps and dings, but retains much of its original silver plated finish, with the expected dulling and tarnishing. A really attractive early American naval dirk worthy of a quality restoration to include with a collection of Eagle Head swords.

EST $ 700 - 1200

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US Federal Era Naval Officer's Dirk US Federal Era Naval Officer's Dirk

US Federal Era Naval Officer's Dirk

Lot #20 (Sale Order 20 of 1143)

6.5 in. blade length, 10.5 in. overall length. Silver quillon and sunburst engraved pommel. GR engraved on mount with ivory grips. This dirk is circa 1790. Leather scabbard with silver throat and tip.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The blade is fine with sharp lines and some staining throughout. The grip is good with a pleasing yellowing patina. Engravings are sharp and crisp. Scabbard is in fine condition.

EST $ 600 - 1000

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Federal Era Naval Dirk Scabbard and Hanger Federal Era Naval Dirk Scabbard and Hanger

Federal Era Naval Dirk Scabbard and Hanger

Lot #21 (Sale Order 21 of 1143)

10.25 in. long gold gilt sheet brass scabbard for a naval dirk with approximately .875 in. wide throat opening. Two suspension rings and old leather hangers with iron ring. Scabbard is decorated with lightly engraved floral designs and splays, and with punch dot boarders. Early 1800s, ca 1812-1825. Accompanied by original handwritten Flayderman tag.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Very good to near fine, with scabbard retaining the majority of its original gold gilt, the majority of which is on the reverse. Engraved designs remain crisp. Scabbard shows some minor bumps, dings and dents and a minor bend near the tip. An extremely scarce item to find on the loose, and a wonderful addition to your early American naval dirk that is missing its scabbard.

EST $ 600 - 800

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European Military Dirk European Military Dirk

European Military Dirk

Lot #22 (Sale Order 22 of 1143)

8.25 in. spear point blade with etched panels. Fluted ivory handles with the gilt brass pommel, guard, and ferrule. Gilt engraved brass scabbard with chain hanger.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Scabbard, guard and brass scabbard retain most of the gilt finish with some thinning. Blade still retains most of the original polished finish. Overall excellent.

EST $ 2500 - 4000

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European Silver Mounted Small Dirk European Silver Mounted Small Dirk

European Silver Mounted Small Dirk

Lot #23 (Sale Order 23 of 1143)

4.5 in. blade length, overall length 6.5 in. The blade has a blue finish with a gilt pattern on each side. Engraved silver mounted pommel and guard. Comes with silver scabbard. Handle is made of amberlite.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The blade is in excellent condition retaining the bright blue finish with gilt pattern. The pommel and guard are in very good condition. The amberlite handle is in excellent condition. The scabbard is near excellent condition. Overall a great European Small Dirk.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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European Silver Mounted Dirk European Silver Mounted Dirk

European Silver Mounted Dirk

Lot #24 (Sale Order 24 of 1143)

9.75 in. long triangular blade, 13.5 in. overall length. Blade style similar to those found on small swords or court swords. Wooden one-piece grip with silver pommel cap, escutcheons, ferrule and crossguard. Reverse grip escutcheon engraved G Mc F. Accompanied by a metal scabbard (possibly German silver) with lightly engraved geometric and floral motifs, two suspension rings.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: About very good overall. Blade is dull and shows age and significant discoloration along with some scattered surface oxidation and light pitting. Mount is a dull pewter patina, grip in very good condition with minor handling and surface mars. Scabbard solid with minor dents and dings, suspension rings intact. An interesting and attractive late 18th or early 19th century dirk.

EST $ 750 - 1000

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European Small Dirks, Lot of Two European Small Dirks, Lot of Two

European Small Dirks, Lot of Two

Lot #25 (Sale Order 25 of 1143)

5.25 in. spear point blade, silver handled, and scabbard. Engraved on the scabbard with the script initials, L.D.

4 in. spear point blade, silver ferrule and guard. Silver pommel with silver scabbard.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Excellent.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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European Naval Officer's Dirk European Naval Officer's Dirk

European Naval Officer's Dirk

Lot #26 (Sale Order 26 of 1143)

5 in. spear point blade, 8 in. overall length. Baluster turned ivory grip and 2.5 in. leaf shaped brass guard and brass ferrule. Blued blade with gold embellishments showing floral splays and panoplies of arms. Reverse of guard with cast leaf motifs. Sheet brass scabbard with frog stud.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Very good overall. Blade retains most of its original blued finish and much of the gold highlights. There is some surface oxidation and scattered pinpricking on the blade. Guard is slightly loose. Ivory grip with longitudinal age cracks. Brass scabbard retains traces of silver finish. Frog button appears to be repaired.

EST $ 500 - 1000

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US Model 1798 Dragoon Saber by Starr US Model 1798 Dragoon Saber by Starr

US Model 1798 Dragoon Saber by Starr

Lot #27 (Sale Order 27 of 1143)

33.5 in. curved blade with narrow and deep 26 in. fuller near spine. Obverse ricasso marked N. Starr & Co, reverse ricasso marked US / 1799. Iron stirrup hilt with leather covered grooved wooden grip. Complete with original iron mounted leather scabbard. The M-1798 saber has the distinction of being the first US government contract saber, with only 2,000 ordered and produced. The survival rate of these early American swords is quite low, and original scabbards are even more rarely encountered.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: About very good overall. Blade a mostly dull gray patina with a thick brown patina at the ricasso and mottled discoloration and oxidation scattered along the blade. The iron hilt has a thick, heavily oxidized brown patina that is untouched. Leather wrap is about good, showing wear and loss and is mostly void of wire. The scabbard is about good with expected wear, crazing and finish loss. Drag and lower piece of leather are separated from the majority of the scabbard body. Stitching along the spine is mostly complete and tight. A really wonderful and untouched example of one of the hardest early American swords to find for sale, even more so with the correct scabbard.

EST $ 1500 - 2500

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European Small Sword European Small Sword

European Small Sword

Lot #28 (Sale Order 28 of 1143)

27 in. blade with engravings. Silver chased handle. No scabbard.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Engravings are clear. Blade still retains traces of gilt finish. Very good overall.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Early American Swords, Lot of Two Early American Swords, Lot of Two

Early American Swords, Lot of Two

Lot #29 (Sale Order 29 of 1143)

Two American silver-hilted small swords, 26.5 in. tri-shaped blade, 28.5 in. tri-shaped blade. Both with wide colichemarde, small finger loops and spherical pommels, typical American features, no engraving, no touch marks, both ca 1770.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Average to very good overall.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Very Rare British Military General Service Medal for an Indian Warrior in the War of 1812 Very Rare British Military General Service Medal for an Indian Warrior in the War of 1812

Very Rare British Military General Service Medal for an Indian Warrior in the War of 1812

Lot #30 (Sale Order 30 of 1143)

Silver, 36mm dia., engraved on the edge ROWI JAHOARON, WARRIOR, with ribbon and CHATEAUGUAY clasp. These medals were issued in 1848 for living veterans who had been recognized for service in engagements from 1793-1814. The Battle of the Chateauguay was one of only three engagements in the War of 1812 for which medals were issued. On October 26, 1813, a British force including Canadian militia and Mohawk warriors repelled a much larger contingent of Americans attempting to invade Lower Canada en route to Montreal. Rowi Johoaron, a Mohawk living near the Oka Mission, was one of only 103 surviving Canadian Indian warriors to receive the General Service Medal for actions in the War of 1812.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Dents in the edge of the rim, else very good.

EST $ 4000 - 6000

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Rare British Military General Service Medal for Canadian Service at Fort Detroit in the War of 1812 Rare British Military General Service Medal for Canadian Service at Fort Detroit in the War of 1812

Rare British Military General Service Medal for Canadian Service at Fort Detroit in the War of 1812

Lot #31 (Sale Order 31 of 1143)

Silver, 36mm dia., engraved on the edge G. Buckindale, Canad'n Militia. These medals were issued in 1848 for living veterans who had been recognized for service in engagements from 1793-1814. Fort Detroit was one of only three clasps given for service during the War of 1812. It honors the capture of Fort Detroit on August 16, 1812, by a force of 300 British regulars, 400 Canadian militia, and around 600 Indian warriors.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some minor tarnishing on the faces and minor dings in the rim.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Waterloo Genl. Sir Edw. Chas. Whinyates Papers, Incl. Documents Mentioning Wound Received in Battle Waterloo Genl. Sir Edw. Chas. Whinyates Papers, Incl. Documents Mentioning Wound Received in Battle

Waterloo Genl. Sir Edw. Chas. Whinyates Papers, Incl. Documents Mentioning Wound Received in Battle

Lot #32 (Sale Order 32 of 1143)

Lot of 48, comprised of a collection of papers related to and written by General Sir Edward Charles Whinyates.

Following a long tradition of military history in his family, Sir Edward Charles Whinyates joined the Royal Army after graduating from the Royal Military Academy at age 16. Enjoying a long career, he experienced action at several historic battles such as the Battle of Bussaco during the Peninsular Wars, and, most notably, the Battle of Waterloo. At Waterloo, Arthur Wellesley, who was suspicious of rockets, hesitated to use them against Napoleon. After expressing this concern, other officers told him that it would break Whinyates' heart. In response, Wellesley said, "Damn his heart; let my orders be obeyed" (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). Wellesley eventually consented to bring the rockets and Whinyates used them for the historic victory. Three horses were shot from underneath him during the battle. Whinyates was wounded in the leg and severely wounded in the left arm. After a brief absence, he continued his military service, earning the rank of colonel commandant by July 1864. He died the next year at Cheltenham on December 25, 1865. He had no heirs and was only married for a year.

The collection features:

A portion of Whinyates' diary written from July 27, 1810 to December 1810, while he served as adjutant to the officer commanding artillery during the Peninsular Wars; period copy of a letter to General Sir Rowland Hill stating his services in the Peninsular War, July 29, 1813; 2 period copies of certificates from Assistant Surgeon Thomas Beard, October 9, 1815; document of the proceedings of a Medical Board held at Amiens concerning a severe wound in Whinyates' arm, which he earned at the Battle of Waterloo, November 7, 1815; copy letter from the Board of Ordinance granting him one year's pay, March 4, 1816; 3 certificates relating to his wound by Assistant Surgeon James O'Beirne from Valenciennes, March 26, 1817 and November 17, 1816; copy of a letter by Whinyates to the secretary of the Board of Ordinance about his wound, June 3, 1817; copy letter from the Board of Ordinance discontinuing his pension, December 28, 1821; copy letter to the Board of Ordinance asking that they restore his pension, September 30, 1822; copy of certificate from Dr. A.P. Philip about Whinyates' health, October 24, 1822; and letter from Sir Hew Dalrymple Ross, a fellow officer at Waterloo and the Peninsular Campaign, congratulating him on an appointment, July 13, 1835.

Additional items include a letter from the Deputy Adjutant General's Office appointing Whinyates as Director of General Artillery, November 26, 1851; copy letter from Whinyates, sending 100 dollars to the Royal Artillery Institution, October 24, 1852; letter of thanks from the R.A. for the donation, November 5, 1852; 4 R.A. General Regimental Orders including promotions to lieutenant general (June 25, 1856), colonel commandant, B Brigade (July 22, 1864), and general (January 20, 1865); record of birth, education, services, and more, most likely compiled for the Knights Commander of the Order of Bath, ca 1860; 8 letters of congratulations for his marriage to Elizabeth Compton, ca 1826-1827; letter from his father-in-law, S. Compton, July 22, 1827; 7 pp declaration of trust for his wife's estate after her death in 1828; 5 addressed envelopes from or to Admiral Sir Thomas Frankland, his grandfather, a member of parliament and naval officer; part of a letter from C.C. Frankland to Whinyates, 1823; 12 letters addressed to his sisters Amy, Octavia, and Rose, one signed by the Duke of Newcastle; papers relating to the 5th Royal Veterans Battalion including detailed lists of clothing, arms and equipment for officers, men, and horses, signed by Lieutenant Colonel H. Paulett.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Most are in good condition with typical folds and toning of the paper. Whinyates handwriting is small and can be difficult to decipher at times.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Sara-Anne-Catherine Whinyates, Descriptive Letters Home from India, Ca 1806-1808 Sara-Anne-Catherine Whinyates, Descriptive Letters Home from India, Ca 1806-1808

Sara-Anne-Catherine Whinyates, Descriptive Letters Home from India, Ca 1806-1808

Lot #33 (Sale Order 33 of 1143)

Lot of 45 letters written in India by Sara-Anne-Catherine Whinyates-Robertson-Younghusband to her Grandmother Lady Frankland, Aunt Harriet, brother Sir Edward-Charles Whinyates, general in the British Armed Forces and veteran of the Battle of Waterloo, and her sister Amy. Ca 1806-1808.

Against her family’s wishes, Sara-Anne-Catherine Whinyates (SAC) married Lieutenant James Robertson of the Bengal Engineers in 1803. Her grandmother, Lady Frankland, Aunt Harriet, and two of her fourteen siblings, Amy and Sir Edward-Charles (a general in the British military and veteran of the Battle of Waterloo), were the only family that supported her and wrote her.

SAC and her husband initially resided in a modest home at Fort William. Situated on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the major distributary of the River Ganges, Fort William was an important stronghold and the major trading hub for the East India Company. From the time of their marriage until 1805, British and Indian soldiers clashed in the Second Anglo-Maratha War—Britain’s sixth conflict with India since 1766. British forces managed to maintain control of Fort William, but, by 1806, the region still experienced some violence. SAC wrote to her Aunt Harriet: It is shocking to see the numbers of wounded men and officers at present in the Fort some without legs some without arms and one unfortunate young man who had both eyes carried out of their sockets by a cannon ball it makes me melancholy when I see him pass by—the army have generously raised a subscription for him as in addition(?) to his misfortune he is nearly destitute (January 15, 1806).

As unfortunate as the wounded soldier was, SAC was equally fortunate. She managed to keep a vibrant social life within British Society. She explained, Calcutta is wonderfully gay and swarming with beautiful spinsters, Lord Lake gives a grand ball every Wednesday to which all his acquaintances go as they please without invitation (Fort William, November 16, 1806). Being a part of the upper crust, she kept impressive company including Colonel Marriot. [He came] here from Madras in charge of Tippors ten sons who are brought here prisoners in consequence of the horrid massacre at Wellmore in which it is supposed there were concerned, she wrote. [He] must be a man of some talents by his having the charge of twelve hundred women belonging to the Princes he is now returning to Madras to fetch three hundred of them here by land (Fort William, November 16, 1806). Between parties, feasting, sipping rose water, and gossip, not everything was perfect in paradise. A wet nurse who cared for one of the officer’s children smothered the colic child. SAC suffered a similar misfortune when her wet nurse threw down her screaming child and broke his arm. He almost died from the incident, but managed to survive. While he struggled for his life, both SAC's parents died. Her mother suffered from a long illness and still had ill-feelings towards her wayward daughter. Her father, on the other hand, cried for her and granted her forgiveness at his sudden passing. They left behind two of her sisters under the age of twelve and an exorbitant amount of debt with their estate in India. With all her elder siblings either in the military or residing in England, SAC took responsibility over her father’s estate and her orphaned sisters. She wrote her grandmother:

...[T]heir education and manners have been entirely neglected it is grievous really to see it! And how much in many respects they have been ruined by the natives and what horrid mahometan customs and ideas they have….they have been suffered to run in the sun till they are blacker than many half castes and seem to never have been contradicted in their whole lives (Fort William, July 14, 1806). For additional letters and history, please go to www.cowans.com.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: All the letters are in good condition with typical folds. Some have colored pencil and pencil markings from a previous owner.

EST $ 400 - 600

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Massachusetts Collector of Customs Manuscript Archive, Ca 1796-1867 Massachusetts Collector of Customs Manuscript Archive, Ca 1796-1867

Massachusetts Collector of Customs Manuscript Archive, Ca 1796-1867

Lot #34 (Sale Order 34 of 1143)

Lot of 50 (including some duplicates).

The earliest document is a circular, July 19, 1796, 7.25 x 9 in., printed, signed by Oliver Wolcott, Jr. as Secretary of the Treasury, with information about who is a citizen and what is needed to document citizenship, especially as applied to seamen. America had pledged protection of sailors who were citizens. These protections included health and safety of the men as well as protection from forced labor/recruitment. Continued British impressment would be a major factor leading to the “second revolution” in 1812.

A group of letters and circulars from the Treasury Department in Washington to the Collector of Customs in what was the Dighton, MA office, later changed to Fall River. Included is a manuscript copy of An Act to change the name of the Collection District of Dighton in the State of Massachusetts to Fall River…February 14, 1837, [Washington, DC], signed by A(?). O. Dayton.

A number of the items are requests for monthly or quarterly reports, including a manuscript DS, Washington, Department of State, October 17, 1833 to Horatio Pratt, Collector at Dighton, MA, signed by Louis McLane (M'Lane), Jackson's Secretary of the Treasury and Secretary of State. The letter acknowledges receipt of Pratt's report of "protections granted to American Seamen" for the quarter ending September 30 and goes on to inform him that the Department did not have reports for the previous two quarters.

In a document dated May 29, 1835, Wm. H. Taylor at the Collections Office informs P.W. (Phineas Washington) Leland that the Mediterranean passports signed by Thomas Jefferson were too old to use. (Jefferson had been dead nearly a decade.)

Not surprisingly, whenever there is a conflict, there is a flurry of communication. This is true during the Mexican War, and at least three of these circulars are concerned with Mexican trade. A portion of the documents also relate to the Civil War. They begin in August 1861 with a printed circular, Pursuant to the provisions of the act of August 6, 1861, entitled "An act requiring an oath of Allegiance, and to support the Constitution of the United States, to be administered to certain persons in the civil service of the United States,”… and signed in type by S.P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury. Another in the fall concerned the seizure of merchandise or "vessels of insurrectionary origin" (short story - only seize items that could be "used to further the insurrection;" ignore the rest).

In a rather lengthy and technical circular of July 28, 1866, with the title, An Act further to provide for the safety of the lives of passengers on board of vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam…, the beginning of the act goes into great detail about the arrangement of boilers, their connections and their heat source. The act also regulated what packets which carried cargo and passengers could carry (especially flammable materials such as cotton and petroleum), the thickness of boiler walls, and specified that the boats have life-jackets, etc. There were further restrictions on inspectors and clerks, as well as pay specifications (presumably to reduce the temptation to take bribes).

Many of these regulations appear to be the result of the disaster involving the steamship Sultana in April 1865. In addition to carrying six times the Sultana's legal limit, including over 2000 just-released Union POWs, one of the steamer's boilers sprung a leak on the morning of April 27, 1865. Although a patch of metal was placed over the bulge in the boiler, it exploded, causing two of the three other boilers to explode. Some 1,700 people died as a result of the explosion and aftermath, making this the worst maritime disaster in US history.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Many have notes on dates received from Washington. Most are disbound from another volume (at least two different ones, judging by the configuration of holes along the left edge). Overall very good, as they were apparently protected in binders or boards for many years.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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James Buchanan, ALS and ANS, March 1829 James Buchanan, ALS and ANS, March 1829

James Buchanan, ALS and ANS, March 1829

Lot #35 (Sale Order 35 of 1143)

Lot of 2. Buchanan, James (1791-1868). President of the United States (1857-1861). ALS while Chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 1 p, "British Consulate, New York." March 9, 1829. Addressed "Dear Brother Consul." A portion of his letter reads, Enclosed is an affidavit of the ex. sheriff Parkins as to Stephenson who I found has arrived at Savanne(?). I had an order from the mayor to seize him and Lloyd and had three boats watching him. I made an affidavit as to my belief that he had been guilty of fraud and that he had ____ from Justice ... upon which the Mayor offerd me all the aid in his power. The Public Prosecutor stated they would hold him until I would have ______ from England - I think you may have him arrested. There is L1300 bounty for arresting them. the Mayor here would have held for me all his property and I doubt not you will experience the same facilities. He goes on to say that he expected to hear from England on the packet of the 16th, but the orders did not come. He was waiting for the packet of the 24th. With a postscript, I think you should arrest all his friends.

Buchanan, James. ANS while Chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary, 1 p, New York. March 11, 1829, concerning the affidavit of arrest for the incident mentioned above. Underneath, lawyers pen a response.

Addressed to Mollenaux, Esqr. Mssrs. Goodhue & Co. have recd. authority as to Stephenson. I hope you have had him arrested. I beg you will afford the agent Mr. Goodhue sons all the aid in your power. Your Obet Servt. J.M. Buchanan.

The second note: We beg leave to add to the above letter from His Britannic Majesty's Consul, that the gentleman who you are to attend to the agency in question in our behalf as Attornies to the Assigners of Messrs. Rem__ tin Stephenson is Joshua Coit, Esq. Attny at Law of this City whom we beg to recommend to your obliging attention. We are Sir, Yr. Obt. Servt. Goodhue & Co.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Light overall toning. Folds as expected. Surface soil on integral leaf, as expected from postal handling.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Slave Sale Broadside, Winchester, Virginia, 1857 Slave Sale Broadside, Winchester, Virginia, 1857

Slave Sale Broadside, Winchester, Virginia, 1857

Lot #36 (Sale Order 36 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 13 x 19.25 in., announcing a Public Sale and Negro Hiring, issued by the administrator of the estate of Mary B. Little, R.L. Horner, Millwood, VA, December 17, 1857. In addition to the public sale of all household and kitchen furniture, the broadside also notes, For Hire Several Likely Negroes. Printed by Winchester Virginian.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Horizontal and vertical folds in document, some spotting, with inked note on back that has partially come through along left edge. Ghosting as a result of being folded.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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SC Slave Owner Fred. Eustis Journal, Slave Log, & More Related to Eustis Plantation, Ca 1862-1865 SC Slave Owner Fred. Eustis Journal, Slave Log, & More Related to Eustis Plantation, Ca 1862-1865

SC Slave Owner Fred. Eustis Journal, Slave Log, & More Related to Eustis Plantation, Ca 1862-1865

Lot #37 (Sale Order 37 of 1143)

Lot of 143. <br><br>A leather-bound slave log recording the status of each slave and the expenses associated with their care for the Eustis Plantation and Gibbs Plantation in Lady Island, SC, as well as the Fuller Plantation on Wassa Island, SC; a time book recording the hours worked by Eustis Plantation slaves/employees from the end of April through the month of May 1862; a paper-bound notebook of copies of important letters and legal documents associated with the Eustis Plantation from 1861-1865, presumably written in Frederic Augustus Eustis’ hand; and 140 miscellaneous papers from Eustis and his family, mostly receipts and doctors’ bills spanning from 1838 to 1918 (mostly from the 1830s and 1840s). All items are accompanied by modern copies of research and articles related to the plantation. <br><br>A brilliant mind with degrees from both Harvard College and Harvard Divinity School, Fredric Augustus Eustis visited his recently deceased step-mother, Patience Izard’s sizable plantation in South Carolina with over 600 acres and 138 slaves. <i>Tragic stories reached me of the destitution and suffering of abandoned negroes at Port Royal</i>, wrote Eustis to his relative, <i>the thought of my mother and the emancipated slaves on Ladies I’d gave me not rest...With a feeling of almost personal responsibility, I embarked on a steamer just then sailing from NY and went to Port Royal to see for myself—I went without preparation and no thought of remaining</i> (July 6, 1865). The Yankee heir arrived in the spring of 1861 on board a steamer filled with missionaries with a similar purpose--to work abandoned plantations and care for neglected slaves. Even though he initially planned to stay for a short time, <i>the importunities of the defenseless negroes prevailed against [his] discretion, and, after solemn deliberation, [he] consented to remain and protect them</i> (July 6, 1865). <br><br>General Sherman granted Frederic A. Eustis written power to hold and protect his step-mother's land. In addition to her plantation, Sherman gave Eustis control of two others: the Gibbs Plantation on Lady Island and Fuller Plantation on Wassa Island. Sherman gave Eustis the properties to keep the land out of rebel hands and because of Eustis' high-ranking military family. His father, Abraham Eustis, was a brevet brigadier general in the army. His younger brother, Henry Lawrence Eustis, was a West Point graduate who was commissioned as a colonel in the 10th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in 1862, but reached the rank of brigadier general within two years. He fought at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor. Despite his success, he resigned from his position for “health reasons” possibly related to an opium addiction. After receiving the plantations, Eustis wrote, <em style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; outline: 0px; vertical-align: baseline; background: transparent;">Like Saul, the son of Kish, who went to seek his father’s ashes(?) and found a kingdom, I went to save the negro and unexpectedly to myself find a plantation </i>(July 6, 1865).<br><br>It was a monumental task to oversee all the crops, animals, people, and 26,000 pounds of cotton from the three estates. But, with industrial precision and good business sense, Eustis formulated conspicuous notes on his charges in three separate notebooks offered in the lot, and operated at a profit. In the first notebook, he recorded the names, ages, health, as well as clothing and expenses for all his slaves. In the second, he logged the number of hours they worked from the end of April through the end of May 1862. In the third, he kept a hand-written copy of all important legal documents and letters associated with the land. He experimented with the plantation system and transitioned from free-labor to wage-labor. At the Freedman’s Inquiry Commission in 1868, he testified that, “<i>during forty years of plantation life [he never knew] so little sickness. Formerly every man had a fever of some kind, and now the veriest old cripple, who did nothing under secesh rule, row[ed] a boat three nights in sucession to Eidsto, or [would] pick up the corn about the corn house</i>” (Preliminary Report of the American Freedmen’s Inquiry Commission, New York, June 30, 1863, p. 7).<br><br>Eustis thoroughly enjoyed his work on the land, but former executors questioned his claim after the war and argued that they should re-assume the land. To settle the dispute, the local Union general ordered the land be auctioned and sold to the highest bidder. Eustis won, and resumed his work on the plantation until his death in 1871.<br><br>Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.<br><br>Condition: All items are in good condition and clearly legible. There is some toning of the paper and separation of the paper-bound journal. <br><br>EST $ 2000 - 400

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John Brown, Jr., 1861 ALS to Social Reformer Gerrit Smith, Plus Presentation Knife John Brown, Jr., 1861 ALS to Social Reformer Gerrit Smith, Plus Presentation Knife

John Brown, Jr., 1861 ALS to Social Reformer Gerrit Smith, Plus Presentation Knife

Lot #38 (Sale Order 38 of 1143)

Lot of 2. Brown, John, Jr. (1821-1895). Eldest son of abolitionist John Brown. ALS, 3 pp, "Grand Rapids, Michigan." December 15, 1861. Addressed to Gerrit Smith, social reformer, abolitionist, and New York Representative (1853-1857). He writes:

To you who know how much of toil and difficulty I have had to pass through since I began to raise this company, no apology need be made for not sooner writing...My company as you are 'ere this probably informed(?) constitutes a part of Col. Jennisons Regiment of the Kansas Brigade...The Proclamations of different State Governors forbidding the enlisting of citizens into Regiments not raised in the States to which they belong has been a great difficulty for me to surmount. But, greatest of all is the fact that none but anti-slavery men, and these too of the fighting class of anti-slavery men, would enlist with me. The proportion of these to the whole class of anti slavery men is small indeed--The greater portion are the talking sort, who now in the present "impending crisis" finding their "occupations gone" instinctively take themselves to managers and growl...In spite of all of these, there has been much to encourage--I have a Company of men worthy, "to stand before the Kings and not before the mean men,"-- a Company worth more than a Regiment of ordinary men in doing the work of this war.

Accompanied by a Farrier's folding knife, 4.5 in. folded, 7.5 in. opened, presented to John Brown, Jr. by J.W. Loomis in 1861. Almost every cavalryman carried a similar knife during the Civil War. It was a useful tool with specific folding blades for cavalry. The blades bear markings of L. P. Rhoades / Celebrated. Engraved on the stone hook, on its wide flat surface, is a professional inscription in three lines, Capt. John Brown, Jr. / 1st Kansas Brigade / 1861. On the small matching iron escutcheon plate on the center of the obverse stag grip, an engraving, in the same style as the other, reads, presented by G/J.(?) W. Loomis.

As John Brown, Jr. explained in his letter to Gerrit Smith, male abolitionists were typically pacifists who preferred using words over real weapons. His father, John Brown, on the other hand, was a man of action who was not opposed to violence. Dedicated to the abolition of slavery, John Brown helped finance the publication of David Walker's Appeal and Henry Highland's "Call to Rebellion" speech, gave land to fugitive slaves, and raised a black child as his own. He participated in the Underground Railroad and helped establish the League of Gileadites, an organization that protected escaped slaves from slave catchers. After meeting Brown, Frederick Douglass described him as "in sympathy a black man," who was so moved by the cause that it seemed "his own soul had been pierced with the iron of slavery" (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1550.html). For a time, Brown lived in a black community in New York on property donated by Gerrit Smith. There, he and his family developed a long friendship with Smith. After following his sons to Kansas, Brown assembled a group of antislavery guerillas who attacked the town of Lawrence. John Brown, Jr. fought alongside his father throughout the 1850s, but did not join him at Harper's Ferry. Even though he was not directly involved, local officials arrested and imprisoned him for his father's crimes. Gerrit Smith financially supported Brown as a member of the "secret six," which implicated him in the raid. John Brown, Jr. was released and Smith was pardoned after Brown hanged.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, John Brown, Jr. began recruiting a company of soldiers that would travel to Kansas and enlist with Kansas volunteers, but only 66 men joined him. His association with his father made many Union officers balk and hesitate to grant him a commission. He finally obtained one as captain in the Kansas 7th Volunteer Cavalry, Co. D. His brother, Salmon, had similar issues and was stripped of a position promised to him by Colonel John Fairman of New York. John Brown, Jr.'s term of service was cut short when complications with rheumatoid arthritis forced him to resign. Following his resignation, he purchased ten acres on the south shore of South Bass Island at Put-in-Bay, OH, where he remained until his death in 1895.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Typical folds of the letter and minor toning on the outer margins. As for the knife, the pen knife blade broken is broken and there are white paint markings with the number 7604 on the reverse.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Charleston Mercury Extra, Rare Broadside Announcing South Carolina Secession, December 1860 Charleston Mercury Extra, Rare Broadside Announcing South Carolina Secession, December 1860

Charleston Mercury Extra, Rare Broadside Announcing South Carolina Secession, December 1860

Lot #39 (Sale Order 39 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 12 x 22 in., issued by the Charleston Mercury Extra, December 20, 1860. In bold letters, the broadside announces the degradation of the Union and the secession of South Carolina. Printed fifteen minutes after the ordinance passed, it is the first Confederate publication. A portion reads:

Passed unanimously at 1.15 o'clock, P.M., December 20, 1860. An ordinance to dissolve the Union between the State of South Carolina and the other States united with her under the compact entitled "The Constitution of the United States of America." The Ordinance adopted by us in Convention, on the twenty-third day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States was ratified, and also, All Acts and parts of Acts of the General Assembly of the State, ratifying the amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed; and that the union now subsisting between South Carolina and other states, under the name of the "United States of America," is hereby dissolved.

Attached to the bottom portion of the broadside is a signed oath from the Assistant Editor of the Richmond "Enquirer," John Grame, that verifies its authenticity and claims that it was in his possession since 1861.

Secessionism was not a novel idea for slave owning states in the 1860s, but a widely accepted notion. Since the formation of the United States, states dependent on the slave trade fought to protect their interests. By the 1790s, some began entertaining the idea of secession, but various “compromises” abated the divorce. As time passed, tensions built. Other government policies pushed some towards secession. Lincoln’s nomination as president was the final event that convinced slave states to separate.

Not one person in Charleston, SC voted for Lincoln in the 1860 presidential race. Outraged after hearing about his victory, the people of Charleston demanded South Carolina secede. Within a few days, two Senators from South Carolina submitted their resignations, and on December 20, 1860, the South Carolina legislature unanimously voted to enact the "ordinance" posted on the broadside. No doubt enthused by their new freedoms, the people of Charleston felt that the North could no longer interfere with its traditions and institutions. The Charleston Mercury, one of the outspoken venues for States’ Rights activists throughout the South, jubilantly declared South Carolina's independence by printing the broadside almost immediately after the ordinance passed. One of the editors commented that, “as the brief and expressive words of the ordinance were read from our bulletin by the crowd, cheer after cheer went up in honor of the glorious event” (Information obtained from the Smithsonian National Museum of American History Website, January 5, 2017).

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Toning of the paper, brittle edges, spotting, some folds, and separation of the first fold.

EST $ 5000 - 10000

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Early Civil War Documents Related to South Carolina and Charleston on the Verge of War Early Civil War Documents Related to South Carolina and Charleston on the Verge of War

Early Civil War Documents Related to South Carolina and Charleston on the Verge of War

Lot #40 (Sale Order 40 of 1143)

Lot of 7 official, clerical retained copies of correspondence and instructions relating to the secession of South Carolina, the crisis at Fort Sumter, and eventually the price for the conflict paid by the city of Charleston. The state owned copies of these can be turned up through online searches. These examples were probably retained as personal copies by one of the many officials involved in the early movement for secession in South Carolina and likely came north as war souvenirs.

With Lincoln’s election in November 1860, South Carolina secessionists went into overdrive, and six weeks later a state convention passed an ordinance of secession claiming the dissolution of the Union, and in accordance with that determination state officials decided to open negotiations with Washington for the transfer of Federal facilities within their borders. Major Anderson, in charge of Federal troops at Charleston, moved his men to Fort Sumter in late December, but instead of pulling out, the Federal government sent reinforcements and supplies on the USS Star of the West, which was fired on by state forces on January 9, 1861. Negotiations were then halted and the governor demanded Anderson surrender two days later. Anderson declined, but agreed that envoys would go to Washington to try to straighten things out. South Carolina Governor Pickens then sent Attorney-General Isaac W. Hayne as the envoy to meet with (still) President Buchanan and demand the fort. The lot contains a cover letter dated Senate Chamber, January 10th (or 11th), 1861. Addressed to President Buchanan, it is signed by three senators, Ben. Fitzpatrick, S.R.(Stephen) Mallory, and John Slidell. We have been requested to present to you copies of a correspondence between certain Senators of the United and Col. Isaac W. Hayne now in this city on behalf of the government of South Carolina and to ask that you will take into consideration the subject of said correspondence.

Isaac William Hayne (1809-1880) was the state attorney-general and had been the man who officially read out the ordinance of secession. A member of a prominent South Carolina family, among his relatives was Robert Y. Hayne, senator and governor, who engaged in a famous debate with Daniel Webster in 1830, and was active in the nullification convention in South Carolina in 1832. Isaac Hayne was admitted to the bar in 1831 and after practicing law for a time in Alabama, returned to South Carolina in 1848 and was elected repeatedly to the office of attorney general (an office Robert Y. Hayne had also held), a post he held continuously from 1848 to 1868. For the remaining documents in the lot, please got to www.cowans.com.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Early Confederate, North Carolina Recruitment Broadside, To Arms! Our Fatherland is in Danger! Early Confederate, North Carolina Recruitment Broadside, To Arms! Our Fatherland is in Danger!

Early Confederate, North Carolina Recruitment Broadside, To Arms! Our Fatherland is in Danger!

Lot #41 (Sale Order 41 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 8.5 x 10 in., issued by Israel Hargrove, 2nd Lieutenant of the 1st North Carolina Volunteers, Company K, calling all men To Arms! To Arms! Our Fatherland Is In Danger!...Shall the able bodied young men of the South stand here idle, while the fanatical hoards of the North are advancing to subjugate us with the demonic cry of "beauty and booty"? No! Pencil signed at the bottom by A.W. Rowland, Norfolk, VA, and dated June 17, 1861.

The 1st North Carolina Infantry Regiment, also known as the Bethel Regiment, organized at Raleigh, NC, in May 1861, and immediately moved to Virginia. Its members were from the counties of Edgecombe, Mecklenburg, Orange, Buncombe, Cumberland, Burke, Guilford, and Lincoln. The unit fought at Big Bethel with about 800 men, then served in the Army of the Peninsula near Yorktown. Two companies from Bertie and Chowan Counties joined the regiment, which increased its strength to more than 1200. On November 12, 1861, the unit disbanded and returned to North Carolina. Many of the men transferred to the 11th North Carolina Regiment. The field officers were Colonels Daniel H. Hill and Charles C. Lee, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph B. Starr, and Majors Robert F. Hoke and James H. Lane (Information obtained from the National Park Service Website, January 5, 2017).

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Toning of the paper and some brittle edges and several tears on the right.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Confederate Recruitment Broadside for Colonel William C. Faulkner's 2nd Mississippi Regiment Confederate Recruitment Broadside for Colonel William C. Faulkner's 2nd Mississippi Regiment

Confederate Recruitment Broadside for Colonel William C. Faulkner's 2nd Mississippi Regiment

Lot #42 (Sale Order 42 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 8.25 x 12 in., issued by Henry Davenport, 2nd Lieutenant of the 2nd Mississippi Volunteers, Company A, calling for 300 recruits for the 2nd Mississippi Regiment per the request of Colonel William C. Faulkner.

The 2nd Mississippi Regiment completed its organization at Corinth in April 1861. After fighting at First Manassas, the regiment served with the army from Seven Pines to Cold Harbor. It saw action in the Petersburg siege south of the James River and in numerous conflicts around Appomattox. It reported 25 killed and 82 wounded at First Manassas. It sustained 111 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 97 at Second Manassas, and 154 in the Maryland Campaign. More than 45 percent of its men were disabled at Gettysburg. Only one officer and nineteen men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels William C. Faulkner and John M. Stone, Lieutenant Colonels John A. Blair, Bartley B. Boone, and D.W. Humphreys, and Major John H. Buchanan (Information obtained from the National Park Service Website, January 5, 2017).

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Scattered foxing of the paper and a few uneven edges, a small portion of the left corner is missing.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Rare Confederate Artillery Recruitment Broadside for Turner Ashby's Virginia Company Rare Confederate Artillery Recruitment Broadside for Turner Ashby's Virginia Company

Rare Confederate Artillery Recruitment Broadside for Turner Ashby's Virginia Company

Lot #43 (Sale Order 43 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 11.5 x 11.25 in., announcing, Volunteers Wanted./ Fifty Able-Bodied men Wanted to fill out a new Company of Infantry, to report to Col. Turner Ashby - to support a Battery of Artillery Under his Command. This Company will be used only on the border, and will not be taken to any other state...signed and dated in print, Capt. A.M. Pierce, Either at Winchester or Kernstown. February 25, 1862.

Turner Ashby (1828-1862) gained prominence as Stonewall Jackson's cavalry commander in the Valley Campaign in the Shenandoah Valley in 1862. Despite his vigorous reconnaissance and screening efforts in this campaign, Ashby was KIA on June 6, 1862 at Cross Keys, VA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Lighter in tone along perimeter, likely a result of being matted or framed previously. Horizontal and vertical folds, few short tears along perimeter. Few light stains/spots. Few light creases.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Rare Richmond, Virginia, CSA Broadsides Calling for the Defense of Richmond Rare Richmond, Virginia, CSA Broadsides Calling for the Defense of Richmond

Rare Richmond, Virginia, CSA Broadsides Calling for the Defense of Richmond

Lot #44 (Sale Order 44 of 1143)

Lot of 4 printed broadsides, including:

1 p, 8 x 10 in., NOTICE. Information has been received that Troops are being landed by the Enemy both at Brandon on James River and at the White House on York River, and it is their purpose doubtless to make an Attack upon the City of Richmond, as a diversion, to compel the withdrawal of Troops from Gen. Lee's Army. All persons in the City who are Liable to duty wither in the Regular Militia or in the Second Class Militia, or who may volunteer in any other capacity, are urgently called upon to MEET THIS EVENING, on the Capitol Square, at 7 o'clock, for the purpose of Organizing into a body, to aid the regular troops in repelling any attack that may be contemplated against the Capital.... John Letcher. This one not dated, although someone penciled May 15, 1862 at the bottom of the paper affixed to the bottom of the broadside. This likely relates to the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, since General McClellan took White House landing to be used to supply his army during that Campaign. And it would, indeed, have been a distraction for Lee, since White House was a Custis plantation, and Lee's wife, Mary Ann Custis Lee, suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and, by the Civil War, wheelchair bound, had moved from Arlington to White House, deeper in the Confederacy and closer to the capital, Richmond. In addition, John Letcher served as Governor of Virginia from January 1, 1860 to January 1, 1864, and would not have been sending out broadsides for the 1864 -1865 advances on Richmond.

1 p, 8.5 x 11.25 in., To the Citizens of Richmond! The President and Governor of Virginia, deeply impressed with the necessity of a speedy organization of all able bodied and patriotic citizens, for local defence, in and around the City of Richmond, and throughout the State, urgently appeal to their fellow-citizens, to come forth in their militia organizations, and to commence and perfect at once, other organizations by companies, battallions [sic] and regiments. An imperious necessity for instant action exists, and they trust that this appeal will be all that is necessary to accomplish the result. No time is to be lost; danger threatens the City. Therefore, with a view to secure the individual attention of all classes of the citizens of Richmond, and to impress upon them the full importance of the crisis, it is hereby ordered that all stores and places of business in this City be closed to-day at three o'clock P.M., and daily thereafter until further order, and the people be invited to meet and form organizations for local defence. They will be armed and equipped as fast as the companies are formed. This one not dated; signed in type by S[amuel]. Cooper for the Secretary of War and John G. Mosby, Jr. by order of the Governor. According to Moore (1864, p. 335), this was issued just prior to the following broadside (posted while the citizens were meeting in response to the above).

1 p, 9.5 x 12 in., My Fellow-Citizens,To Arms! I have just received a message direct from the highest authority in the Confederacy, to call upon the Militia Organizations to come forth, and upon all other Citizens to organize Companies for the defence of this City against immediate attack of the enemy, They are approaching, and you may have to meet them before Monday Morning. I can do no more than give you this warning of their near approach. REMEMBER NEW ORLEANS! Richmond is now in your hands. Let it not fall under the rule of another Butler.... Joseph May, Mayor of Richmond. Saturday Afternon [sic], June 27, 1863.

1 p, 9.5 x 11 in., TO ARMS. / All men now in the city capable of bearing arms, are invited to report to Brig. Gen. Kemper, on the Public Square, for the purpose of being temporarily organized and armed, for the defence of Richmond....When the enemy is menacing the city, it is deemed unnecessary to make appeals to the courage and patriotism of the people. The emergency demands from all a cheerful, hearty and prompt responce [sic]. James A. Seddon, Secretary of War. Richmond, May 11th. 1864.

At the bottom of each of the four is affixed a notarized paper (5 x 8.25 in.), which reads, This printed Document is original and has been preserved by me from the date of its issue. Signed by John Grame, Ass't. Editor of Richmond "Enquirer" and notarized by W.C. Carrington, Mayor of Richmond. Dated February 22, 1877.

Moore, Frank, ed. The Rebellion Record: A Dairy of American Events, with Documents, Narrative, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. Vol. 7. G.P. Putnam, 1864.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: All with moderate toning, a bit of edge scuffing. A few corners folded. All with notarized notes affixed to bottom edge, not affecting any text.

EST $ 6000 - 8000

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Confederate Broadside Issued by CSA General Loring, To the People of Western Virginia, 1862 Confederate Broadside Issued by CSA General Loring, To the People of Western Virginia, 1862

Confederate Broadside Issued by CSA General Loring, To the People of Western Virginia, 1862

Lot #45 (Sale Order 45 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 6.5 x 13 in., To the People of West Virginia, Charleston, VA. Head Quarters, Department of West Virginia, September 14, 1862. The first paragraph of the broadside reads:

The Army of the Confederate States has come among you to expel the enemy, to rescue the people from despotism of the counterfeit State government imposed on you by the Northern bayonets, and to restore the country once more to its natural allegiance to the State. We fight for peace and the possession of our own territory. We do not intend to punish those who remain at home as quiet citizens in obedience to the laws of the land...but those who persist in adhering to the cause of the public enemy, and the pretend State Government he has erected at Wheeling, will be dealt with as their obstinate treachery deserves...

Seeking to pacify and intimidate any Union sentiment in the region, Confederate General W. Loring issued the broadside offered in the lot to declare martial law and discredit the Union in West Virginia. He maintained control of the area until the Battle of Antietam, when General J.D. Fox's forces drove the rebels out of the state for good. Even though they separated from the Union based on ideological differences, Congress approved West Virginia's admission to the Union on June 20, 1863.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some toning and light soiling of the paper as well as some brittle margins.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Rare Texas Broadside, Texans! Prepare for War!, March 1862 Rare Texas Broadside, Texans! Prepare for War!, March 1862

Rare Texas Broadside, Texans! Prepare for War!, March 1862

Lot #46 (Sale Order 46 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 7.5 x 12.5 in., which is General Orders No. 4, boldly headed, Texans! Prepare for War!!, issued from Head-Quarters, 22nd Brigade, Texas State Troops, La Grange, TX, March 20, 1862. Signed in type by Brigadier General William G. Webb. The orders concern Texas being called upon to furnish fifteen Regiments of Infantry, to serve for and during the war, and the Governor has given until the 28th of this month, to raise the number by volunteers, and unless it be done, a draft will be inevitable. Winkler 484. Crandall 2246. Parrish & Willingham locate one copy at the Texas State Library.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Good overall, with light folds, light wear along perimeter (few short tears, few chips). A bit brittle, with few spots.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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TX Broadside Calling for Troops w/Reference to Fall of Vicksburg, Issued 1863, J. Bankhead Magruder TX Broadside Calling for Troops w/Reference to Fall of Vicksburg, Issued 1863, J. Bankhead Magruder

TX Broadside Calling for Troops w/Reference to Fall of Vicksburg, Issued 1863, J. Bankhead Magruder

Lot #47 (Sale Order 47 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 8.25 x 12 in., headed, Proclamation. To the People of Texas!, signed in type by J. Bankhead Magruder, Major General Commanding District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Houston?, 1863. Parrish & Willingham locate one copy at the National Archives.

The proclamation states, in part, Fellow-Citizens: Vicksburg has fallen, but our insolent foes have but little cause to rejoice. More than thirty thousand of them found bloody graves in the effort to reduce a city defended by less than twenty-five thousand men, and though the place was surrendered, the army was saved. Our victorious arms are now desolating Pennsylvania, and forty thousand prisoners attest the triumphant march of General Lee. The North will not long exult over the barren victory on the Mississippi...The benefits they expect from the fall of Vicksburg will not be reaped by them...Magruder states that he has called upon the Governor of Texas for ten thousand State troops. He also calls upon the citizens of varying ages and slaveholders to be organized and to do their part. He states, Adopt this plan throughout Texas, so that an army of minute men, who are exempt from forced service, bearing the rifles that once repelled the Mexican invader, may rush at a moment's warning from your prairies, and with their aid the organized forces of Texas will sweep from your borders any army that may come to murder and plunder upon your soil...Our barbarous foes...will yet learn that the spirit of the Alamo is the quick spirit of the land, and that Texas will not suffer...Let him who has been shirking the contest, arm in defense of home, report to those regiments in Texas not yet complete, and taste for once the proud joy of defending the soil that has fed him.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some light folds, scattered spotting. Few short tears along perimeter.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Exceptional Confederate Broadsides Concerning Texas Troops, 1862-1864 Exceptional Confederate Broadsides Concerning Texas Troops, 1862-1864

Exceptional Confederate Broadsides Concerning Texas Troops, 1862-1864

Lot #48 (Sale Order 48 of 1143)

Lot of 3 printed broadsides, including: 1 p, 8.5 x 11 in., which is Order, No. 1, concerning the Texas Governor's Proclamation of February 26, 1862, calling for 15,000 men, all officers of the 19th Brigade, Texas Troops, from select counties to report their enrollments, with comments regarding a possible draft as a result of a lack of volunteers. With additional remarks to volunteers of the 19th Brigade, offering them the opportunity to serve as Mounted Riflemen. Signed and dated in type by J.B. Johnson, Senior Colonel Commanding 19th Brigade, Texas Troops, March 17, 1862. Crandall 2244. Winkler 423. Parrish & Willingham locate one copy at the Texas State Library.

1 p, 5.25 x 10.5 in., which is General Orders, No. 28, concerning the requisition to the Governor of Texas for ten thousand troops to defend the state, issued by the Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Austin, June 8, 1863, and signed in type, By order of Governor F.R. Lubbock, J.Y. Dashiell, Adj't. & Inspt'r Genl. Winkler 952. Not listed in Crandall. Parrish & Willingham 4274 variant as a handbill.

1 p, 9 x 13.5 in. One of the most important Texas broadsides ever issued, headed, Proclamation! By the Governor, To the State Troops, and those Liable to Service Under the Late Conscript Law of Congress. Signed and dated in type by Pendleton Murrah, Austin, April 12, 1864. Winkler 1237. Harwell 840. Parrish & Willingham locate one copy at the University of Texas. For more than half of the Civil War, Texas had insisted that she would only allow the men in the State Militia to become Confederate soldiers if they went into the service as State Troops. In this historic act, Murrah commands that all men in State Troops volunteer for service in the Confederate Army before they are forced to do so. However, men between the ages of 18 and 45 can join the State Reserve Corps for the defense of the borders.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Order no. 1, light folds, light toning, staining along margins. Otherwise very fine. Order no. 28, light folds, with light staining at folds, few light spots. Light penciled notes on front and back. Proclamation, light folds, very light wear along margins (few light stains, few light chips. Lightly penciled date of 1864 in top right corner (pink pencil). Some penciled notes on reverse.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Confederate Broadside Issued to Citizens and Soldiers of Kentucky by W.B. Machen, January 1864 Confederate Broadside Issued to Citizens and Soldiers of Kentucky by W.B. Machen, January 1864

Confederate Broadside Issued to Citizens and Soldiers of Kentucky by W.B. Machen, January 1864

Lot #49 (Sale Order 49 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 6 x 9.75 in. A very rare Richmond, VA, Confederate broadside with bold headline, To the Citizens and Soldiers of Kentucky. Issued by W.B. Machen (signature printed in bold), a local Kentucky politician, sent to the First Confederate Congress from Kentucky, re-elected to the second congress serving from 1862-1864 (after war was later US Senator from Kentucky, 1872-1873). This broadside was produced for his campaign for the second election of the Confederate Congress, opening with, The term for which I was elected to Congress of the Confederate States will expire on the 17th of February...you have learned that an election will take place on the 10th of February. I am a candidate for re-election. He states that all of his work is directed in the best interest of Kentucky, as well as the Confederate States...difficulties of our position not always fully appreciated...the calamities through which the country has passed have stimulated the servants of the people to greater dilligence in their duties...although gloomy apprehensions have temporarily seized a portion of our people, patriotic devotion to freedom [will be restored]...in this result no Southern State has deeper interest than our own. Now overrun, down-trodden, desecrated, but yet, dear old Kentucky...severe has been the punishment of her folly...battles yet to be fought, hardships and suffering endured before we smoke the calumet of peace...but the price will be more precious. With more in that vein, asking for their vote to...continue me in the position now occupied. Dated January 8, 1864.

A rare Confederate imprint.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some light aging, some toning along horizontal fold lines. Wide margins. Some light spotting. Light corner wear.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Rare 1861 Notice Issued to the Baltimore Police Department by Police Marshal George P. Kane Rare 1861 Notice Issued to the Baltimore Police Department by Police Marshal George P. Kane

Rare 1861 Notice Issued to the Baltimore Police Department by Police Marshal George P. Kane

Lot #50 (Sale Order 50 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 17 x 24.5 in., issued by the Police Department Office of the Marshal, George P. Kane demanding that soldiers who confiscated horses wagons and other property return the items to the residents of Maryland, if not so returned the parties will be arrested and punished.

A very rare broadside, and possibly the only example known to exist.

Kane (1820-1878) was an imposing figure who commanded the respect of many in Baltimore. In 1860, the local officials elected him "Marshal of Police" to straighten out the crooked city. Barely a year into his position, Detective Allan Pinkerton uncovered a plot to assassinate President Lincoln while he was traveling through Baltimore. Despite the threat of danger, someone overheard Kane say he refused to send police escorts for the new president. Whether or not his claims were serious, Pinkerton did not trust the "rabid rebel" and made alternative travel arrangements.

Four months later, in June of 1861, an unruly mob of Confederate sympathizers and anti-war activists attacked Union troops headed South. Despite his Southern sympathies, Kane guarded the troops. Shortly after the riots, however, General Benjamin Butler arrested Kane on suspicion of protecting the illegal trafficking of arms. He was detained at Fort Warren and Lafayette until 1862. Immediately after his release, he retreated to Virginia until the end of the war. He returned to Baltimore and was elected mayor, but died two years into his term in 1878.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some wrinkling and toning of the paper but is in good condition. There are some missing portions or tears in the paper.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Washington in Danger!, Early Civil War Political Broadside, 1861 Washington in Danger!, Early Civil War Political Broadside, 1861

Washington in Danger!, Early Civil War Political Broadside, 1861

Lot #51 (Sale Order 51 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 24 x 18 in., warning, Washington in Danger!!, and announcing an address that will be given by Hon. J.W. Ray of the Department of the Interior at Washington to the citizens of Dansville, NY regarding the...present condition of the Affairs at the National Capitol. Dated April 26, 1861. Printed by A.O. Bunnell, Dansville, NY. A fine, early war-date political broadside with strong banner.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Reductions to upper and lower corners not affecting text, brittle with cracks at folds. Few small areas of loss in lettering, including in "J.W." Some ghosting of text. Few light stains. Otherwise good condition.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Michigan Recruitment Broadside, 16th US Infantry Civil War Michigan Recruitment Broadside, 16th US Infantry

Civil War Michigan Recruitment Broadside, 16th US Infantry

Lot #52 (Sale Order 52 of 1143)

Printed, red and black broadside, 19 x 24 in., issued by the United States Army!, recruiting able-bodied men For the 16th Infantry. The broadside notes a Rendezvous at Grand Rapids, Michigan at bottom and is signed in type by Wm. H. Prescott, Capt. 16th US Infantry, Recruiting Officer. With 11 x 5 in. eagle vignette. Printed by Eagle Steam Printing House.

The 16th US Infantry was constituted as the 1st Battalion, 11th US Infantry on May 3, 1861, and was initially organized at Fort Independence, MA, in the summer and fall of 1861. The regiment was transferred to Perryville, MD, in October to prepare for Major General George B. McClellan’s upcoming spring campaign on the Virginia Peninsula. Assigned to the Army of the Potomac’s 2nd Division, V Army Corps in the spring of 1862, the regiment participated in many key battles of that campaign, such as the Siege of Yorktown, Gaines’ Mill, and Malvern Hill. In August, the regiment participated in the Second Battle of Bull Run, which was soon followed by involvement at Antietam, Shepherdstown, and the actions at Leetown. In December 1862, the regiment fought at Fredericksburg (December, 1862) and Chancellorsville (May, 1863). It fought hard and suffered significant casualties at Gettysburg. During the spring and summer of 1864, the regiment participated in General U.S. Grant’s Overland Campaign and fought at the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Jericho Mills, Cold Harbor, and finally in the Siege of Petersburg. By the spring of 1865, the remaining soldiers from the regiment aided in disarming General Lee’s Confederate forces at Appomattox. Following the war, the 16th participated in reconstruction of the south and served during the Indian wars.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Horizontal and vertical folds, few areas of separation at folds, reductions at edges not affecting text. Some light staining. Overall very good.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Artillery Recruitment Broadside, Fifth Regiment, US Army Civil War Artillery Recruitment Broadside, Fifth Regiment, US Army

Civil War Artillery Recruitment Broadside, Fifth Regiment, US Army

Lot #53 (Sale Order 53 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 22.5 x 31 in., headed in black and red, Lovers of Your Country/ Attention!/ Fifth Regiment Artillery!/ US Army, calling for Brave, Able-Bodied Men to serve a term of five years in a regiment comprised of Twelve Mounted Batteries of Light Artillery...This is the only Regiment of the kind in the service, and the last chance for those who wish to join the Flying Artillery, noting at bottom, Good riders, and men conversant with the use of horses are especially desired. Printed by Ringwalt & Brown, Steam-Power Printers, Philadelphia, PA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Previously matted or framed, and as result, margins lighter in tone than majority of broadside. Horizontal and vertical folds, with few areas of partial separation along folds. Some short tears along the margins, including one 4.5 in. tear extending from right edge into "t" of "Regiment," another 4.5 in. tear/partial separation extending into "Y !" in "Artillery!" Some light ghosting, likely a result of bring folded previously.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Civil War Illustrated US Cavalry Recruitment Broadside Civil War Illustrated US Cavalry Recruitment Broadside

Civil War Illustrated US Cavalry Recruitment Broadside

Lot #54 (Sale Order 54 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 24 x 37.5 in., announcing The Last and Only Chance as Cavalry!, featuring a large, 18 x 12 in. vignette of a Union cavalryman stabbing a Confederate cavalryman with his sword. Signed in print by Lieutenant Amos Pennebaker and Captain T.A. Byrnes. Printed by King & Baird, Philadelphia, PA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Presents nicely although there are reductions and brittle areas at or near folds. With some areas of loss near head and torso of Union Cavalryman. Some wear along perimeter, including some short tears, chips, creases. Reinforced with tape in certain areas on reverse.

EST $ 2000 - 4000

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Sprague Light Cavalry, Civil War Recruiting Broadside Sprague Light Cavalry, Civil War Recruiting Broadside

Sprague Light Cavalry, Civil War Recruiting Broadside

Lot #55 (Sale Order 55 of 1143)

Large color-printed wood engraving, 29 x 43 in., boldly headed in blue and red, SPRAGUE LIGHT CAVALRY!, calling for men to join the Best Corps in the Field...being organized at Plattsburgh, NY, under the immediate supervision of Adj't Gen. Sprague. Featuring a vibrantly colored vignette depicting mounted Union cavalrymen facing off against Confederate forces, approx. 27 x 11 in. Signed in print by Spencer H. Olmsted, Col. Commanding. Printed by Clarry & Reilly, NY.

The Sprague Light Cavalry was part of the 16th New York Cavalry, which fought at Gettysburg and cornered Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth, in a tobacco barn near Port Royal, VA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Colors are strong, vibrant. Broadside with strong horizontal and vertical folds, with top right quadrant fully separated at folds from remainder of broadside; lower right quadrant partially separated along vertical fold; top left quadrant partially separated along horizontal fold. Few holes/areas of loss, especially along central vertical fold. Short tears, chips along margins.

EST $ 2000 - 2500

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Regiment Ordered South, Recruitment Broadside for Colonel Lyle's National Guards Regiment Ordered South, Recruitment Broadside for Colonel Lyle's National Guards

Regiment Ordered South, Recruitment Broadside for Colonel Lyle's National Guards

Lot #56 (Sale Order 56 of 1143)

Printed, bright red and blue broadside, 41 x 31 in., featuring large 2.5 in. high red headline, Regiment Ordered South, seeking men for Colonel Peter Lyle's National Guards...Recruits Wanted! Application to be made At the Armory...Race Street Below 6th, with bold fancy panel at bottom of publisher, US Steam Print/Ledger Buildings. Separately affixed (but believe it was done during the period) black and white engraving of a Civil War-era railroad train, which seems contemporary with the use and printing of the poster.

In 1840, when the National Guards Regiment of Philadelphia formed, Peter Lyle joined and quickly raised in the ranks from a first sergeant, to captain, to colonel. The regiment became one of the most distinguished military units in the country under Lyle's leadership. He served as colonel of the 19th and 90th Pennsylvania Volunteers during the Civil War, and although the broadside offered here is undated, it is believed that it was produced around March or April of 1862, soon after the 90th PA's organization and mustering in. After a short stay at Baltimore and Washington, the regiment was ordered in April to be transferred to Virginia. The regiment's service record was quite extensive, serving in all important Virginia campaigns as well as Gettysburg, where it lost 100 men. Despite the distressed condition of the broadside, it is very impressive and quite displayable.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Original wide borders. In weak condition, but intact. Has quite a few brown tape repairs (done many years ago) on reverse, holding it all together. Some tattering on extreme outer edges only of the wide, blank margins, including some tears, chips. Very impressive in appearance; condition distressed but quite displayable.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Civil War Sharpshooters Recruitment Broadside, Attention Riflemen, 1861 Civil War Sharpshooters Recruitment Broadside, Attention Riflemen, 1861

Civil War Sharpshooters Recruitment Broadside, Attention Riflemen, 1861

Lot #57 (Sale Order 57 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 12 x 18.5 in., boldly headed, Attention, Riflemen., soliciting 101 men to form a company of sharpshooters, under the direction of Charles Scranton of Oxford Furnace, Warren County, NJ, dated September 17, 1861. Printed at Seller's Cheap Job Printing Office, Belvidere, NJ.

We are unable to identify the unit involved here, but given the date, we suspect this is the 10th New Jersey Infantry. According to HDS, the regiment was organized under provisions of Congress in July, and authorized to recruit individuals directly into Federal service, not under state authority. We suspect this is the reference to being entitled to Government pay including State additional... in the recruiting broadside. The 10th New Jersey was accepted as an independent organization, one of the last from the state in 1861, and designated the "Olden Legion." It proceeded to Washington, and was transferred to state authority in January 1862 when it was reorganized and designated the 10th Regiment.

The 10th served in the Wilderness campaign all the way to Petersburg. It remained in the region, fighting skirmishes in the Shenandoah Valley and Eastern Theater. Of the 2584 men in the unit through its service, 879 mustered out.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Overall very good condition, with light folds, few short areas of separation at folds near margins. Few period inked notes added. Small piece of paper with "3" glued over what may have been a "2" in "26" to show increase in the max age to "36."

EST $ 800 - 1000

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Civil War Recruitment Broadside, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment of Heavy Artillery Civil War Recruitment Broadside, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment of Heavy Artillery

Civil War Recruitment Broadside, 1st Pennsylvania Regiment of Heavy Artillery

Lot #58 (Sale Order 58 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 22.75 x 32.5 in., calling for recruits for the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment of Heavy Artillery, Colonel Angeroth under express orders for Fortress Monroe, featuring 18 x 8 in. vignette of eagle with patriotic ribbon, No Compromise with Traitors and No Argument but through the Cannon's Mouth!

Colonel Charles Angeroth enlisted as a lieutenant colonel on May 5, 1861 and played a very active role in recruiting Pennsylvanian men. He was commissioned into the field and staff of the 27th Pennsylvania Infantry on May 31, 1861 but resigned on September 7, 1861. Although he was involved in recruitment for the 1st Regiment Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, it failed to complete organization. The regiment is not shown on the state rolls and, officially, never existed. However, on February 8, 1862, Angeroth was commissioned into the field and staff of the 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery as a colonel, but was discharged from service on June 21, 1862.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Overall very good, but with some reductions at cracks and folds. Some loss especially at central vertical fold in second "L" of "Artillery", and "E" in "Angeroth." Separation at horizontal fold that passes through eagle. Few short areas of separation along perimeter (along the folds). Some ghosting of text, likely a result of being folded.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Boston British Volunteer Company, Civil War Recruitment Broadside Boston British Volunteer Company, Civil War Recruitment Broadside

Boston British Volunteer Company, Civil War Recruitment Broadside

Lot #59 (Sale Order 59 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 13.25 x 9.75 in. Very rare Massachusetts recruiting poster, issued pursuant to Lincoln's first call for volunteers following the attack on Fort Sumter, April 1861. Headed Volunteers Attention!, for the Boston British Volunteer Company!!, seeking 50 able bodied men...to fill up the company...apply at the Rooms of the Boston British Drill Club...Revere house, Bowdoin Square Boston. With illustration of the British Royal seal at center. At either side are illustrations of clasped hands (representing Britain and US), with eagle at center holding riband in beak, In Union There is Strength. Printed by Davis & Farmer, Boston.

The outfit became Company H of the 17th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Immediately on that first Lincoln call for volunteers, 20 young men formed a military drill club; almost all of them of British background; the drill master had been a sergeant in the British Army and the two officers also had been non-commissioned officers in the British Army in earlier years. Most of the members were of British birth, but eventually they recruited other US citizens, mostly from the Fall River area. The 17th Massachusetts saw action in numerous North Carolina expeditions and campaigns, losing 172 men KIA and by disease.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Light aging, fragile, but overall very fine condition. Some short tears along perimeter. Light crease along top right corner. Appears that there was separation along lower right corner, but it was reinforced with tape on reverse side.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Corn Exchange Regiment, 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Recruitment Broadside Corn Exchange Regiment, 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Recruitment Broadside

Corn Exchange Regiment, 118th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Recruitment Broadside

Lot #60 (Sale Order 60 of 1143)

Printed, blue and red broadside, 31 x 32.5 in., calling for recruits to fill up a regiment organized by the Corn Exchange Association...in Answer to the Call of the President and Governor for the Immediate Defence of Pennsylvania! A rare, two-color broadside.

The 118th Pennsylvania was known as the "Corn Exchange Regiment" because the funds needed to raise the regiment as well as a $10 bounty for each man were furnished by the Philadelphia Corn Exchange. The 118th was mustered into service for a three-year term on August 30, 1862, at Camp Union, Philadelphia, and was attached to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac until April, 1864. With this brigade, it reached Antietam on September 16, 1862, but was held in reserve during the battle. It saw action at various battles including Shepherdstown, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, where it went into action in support of General Sickles' corps, Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and the battle of Five Forks, among many others. After Five Forks, the 118th continued the pursuit to Appomattox Court House, where its brigade received the arms and flags of Lee's army. On April 15, it journeyed to Washington where it was mustered out on June 1, 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: In need of repair at cracks, with folds and small areas of reduction and inner section of folds, strong colors. Wear along the perimeter, especially bottom margin, with some short tears, chips, slight loss. Major separation along lower horizontal fold (near text "In Answer to the"), and partial separation along higher horizontal fold (near "Armory"). Some light staining.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Recruitment Broadside, 62nd Ohio Volunteers Civil War Recruitment Broadside, 62nd Ohio Volunteers

Civil War Recruitment Broadside, 62nd Ohio Volunteers

Lot #61 (Sale Order 61 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 12.25 x 18.75 in., calling for volunteers for the 62nd Ohio Regiment, under the command of Colonel Francis B. Pond, Lieutenant Colonel Clement Steele, and Major Delafield Du Bois. Signed in type by Recruiting Officer William Berkshire, who states in the broadside, in part...Having served during the war as a private in Company E, 3d Ohio Regiment, I know from experience the needs of soldiers, and as an Officer will do my best to supply them.

After being organized in Zanesville, McConnellsville, and Somerton, OH, starting in mid-September of 1861, the 62nd Ohio mustered in for three years' service on December 24, 1861 under the command of Colonel Pond. The regiment operated in the Shenandoah Valley, participating in the battle at Winchester under General Shields, and also joined McClellan's Peninsula campaign in August 1862. In July 1863, it participated in the assault upon Fort Wagner, losing 150 men, and again took part in the siege of Charleston. Throughout the entirety of 1864, the regiment was actively engaged with the army about Richmond, and in the spring of 1865 conducted siege operations at Petersburg and fought at Deep Bottom, Fair Oaks and Appomattox Courthouse. In September 1865, the 62nd was consolidated with the 67th Ohio.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Overall very good condition, light folds, few areas of slight separation at folds. Penciled note "Billy" added beside "Wm. Berkshire" near bottom of broadside. Few small chips, tears along perimeter.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Come and Join Us Brothers Very Rare Civil War Colored Troops Recruitment Broadside Come and Join Us Brothers Very Rare Civil War Colored Troops Recruitment Broadside

Come and Join Us Brothers Very Rare Civil War Colored Troops Recruitment Broadside

Lot #62 (Sale Order 62 of 1143)

Chromolithograph, 12.75 x 15.5 in., titled in the margin, Come And Join Us Brothers, published by the Supervisory Committee for Recruiting Colored Regiments, Philadelphia, lithography credit at lower right to P.S. Duval & Son, Philadelphia. The scene shows 18 uniformed African-American troops, a drummer boy, and a white officer posed in front of a Sibley tent and American flag.

The "Photo Sleuth" feature in the Autumn 2015 issue of Military Images pertains to the source photograph for this print and contains a reproduction of the image, which was actually taken indoors. Besides the background and drummer boy, the print is a faithful portrayal. The well-researched piece suggests that the regiment is probably the 25th USCT at Camp William Penn in Philadelphia, ca late 1863 to March 1864, and the officer may be George Edwin Heath (1834-1905), who was post adjutant of the camp and a lieutenant in the 6th USCT.

Variations of this print, usually with different titles, are held at the Library of Congress and Smithsonian, but they rarely come up for auction. The most recent example sold at Heritage in December 2014 for a staggering $22,500.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 5000 - 7000

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Men of Color, To Arms! To Arms! Now or Never, Exceptionally Rare Civil War Recruitment Broadside Men of Color, To Arms! To Arms! Now or Never, Exceptionally Rare Civil War Recruitment Broadside

Men of Color, To Arms! To Arms! Now or Never, Exceptionally Rare Civil War Recruitment Broadside

Lot #63 (Sale Order 63 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 29.5 x 41.5 in., calling all men of color to arms, Fail Now and Our Race Is Doomed....Are Freemen Less Brave Than Slaves. It also lists the names of speakers at a meeting that includes Frederick Douglass. Printed by the US Steam-Power Book and Job Printing Establishment in Philadelphia, PA.

Frederick Douglass advocated for black men to enter in the service and fight to free the slaves. He published many articles and performed many orations urging politicians to allow African Americans to fight alongside white soldiers. Politicians resisted until Lincoln delivered the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. Permitted to act on his desires, Douglass traveled across the country imploring men of color to enlist.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Fragile condition with two horizontal and two vertical folds, damage to the center fold with missing portions of the text., toning of the paper, and some brittle edges.

EST $ 5000 - 10000

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Rare U.S. Grant, Paducah, Kentucky Broadside, 1861 Rare U.S. Grant, Paducah, Kentucky Broadside, 1861

Rare U.S. Grant, Paducah, Kentucky Broadside, 1861

Lot #64 (Sale Order 64 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 8.75 x 10.5 in., signed and dated in type by U.S. Grant, Brigadier General USA, Commanding, Paducah, KY, September 6, 1861. At this early point in the Civil War, Grant had just been appointed to his first command post, establishing his headquarters in Cairo, IL, in early September. However, after hearing that the Confederates were about to seize Paducah, he traveled there immediately, arriving only a few hours before the enemy forces. Before departing, Grant issued this Proclamation to the Citizens of Paducah, promising them protection. Union troops were left to guard the city. This peaceful occupation of Paducah gave the Union control of the mouth of the Tennessee River.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Folds in broadside, with some separation along horizontal fold, possibly reinforced by paper backing. Wear along perimeter, including short tears, chips, some loss. Few scattered spots. Few light stains. Text bold.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Battle of Shiloh, Help the Wounded!, Rare Broadside, 1862 Battle of Shiloh, Help the Wounded!, Rare Broadside, 1862

Battle of Shiloh, Help the Wounded!, Rare Broadside, 1862

Lot #65 (Sale Order 65 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 12 x 8.5 in., issued by Mayor R.H. Mills (likely Roger H. Mills, 1813-1881) on April 9, 1862 and most likely printed in Beloit, WI. The broadside reads, Help the Wounded!..."Collect all you can of Sheets, Pillow cases, Shirts, Bandages and Hospital Stores by tomorrow noon and send them to Clinton on the noon train." A great and terrible slaughter has occurred at or near Corinth, Miss....

Shiloh is near Corinth. The battle was fought the 6th and 7th of April, 1862, and was indeed a "terrible slaughter," the bloodiest battle of the war until surpassed by Antietam (worst single day) and Gettysburg (worst battle - three days). Confederate troops spent over a week gathering at the railroad junction at Corinth, where General Albert Sidney Johnston had established a base, although the Union forces at Pittsburg Landing and surrounding areas seemed to be unaware of this presence. Grant's forces were taken by surprise and nearly defeated.

After the battle at Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing, Grant moved toward Corinth and began a siege of the city, which had railroad connections to much of the south. The First Battle (Siege) of Corinth lasted from April 29 to May 30, 1862, under the command of Major Henry Halleck. Confederate occupants were commanded by General P.G.T. Beauregard. The battle resulted in the capture of the city by Federal forces. Grant then used Corinth as a base (supplies could be moved in by rail) from which to attack Vicksburg.

Over 2800 men from Rock County, Wisconsin fought in the Civil War, a higher per capita rate than any other county in the state, many with Illinois units, and even a few serving in Ohio, as well as local Wisconsin regiments. The 14th, 16th and 18th Wisconsin Infantries fought at Shiloh. The 16th alone had 245 men killed or wounded in the two-day battle. The 18th lost 24 killed, 82 wounded and 174 prisoners.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some folds, foxing, and brittle folds.

EST $ 2500 - 3500

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New Orleans Occupation, Rare Proclamations by Benjamin Butler, May 1, 1862 Incl. Necessity Print New Orleans Occupation, Rare Proclamations by Benjamin Butler, May 1, 1862 Incl. Necessity Print

New Orleans Occupation, Rare Proclamations by Benjamin Butler, May 1, 1862 Incl. Necessity Print

Lot #66 (Sale Order 66 of 1143)

Lot of 2 printed broadsides, including 7.5 x 24 in. Proclamation announcing the Union occupation of New Orleans, LA, accompanied by a necessity printing of the same proclamation, 15 x 22.5 in., produced on reverse side of Crimean War-date lithograph entitled The New Works at the Siege of Sebastopol on the Right Attack. From the Mortar Battery on the Right of Gordon's Battery, published by Paul & Dominic, 1855. Each example features a printing of the Proclamation from the Headquarters of the Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, May 1, 1862. Both are signed in type by Major General Benjamin Butler, with one also signed in type by George C. Strong, A.A.G., Chief of Staff.

On the surface, Butler's Proclamation sounds reasonable: Citizens of New Orleans will now follow Martial Law and the Laws of the United States. They will give up arms and cease flying any flags or banners of the Confederacy or representative of any authority other than the United States may not be displayed. The only exceptions are the flags of the various foreign consulates, provided they have not sworn allegiance to any other than their own governments. The American Ensign, the emblem of the United States, must be treated with the utmost deference and respect by all persons under pain of severe punishment.

Butler made it clear: All persons well-disposed towards the Government of the United States who shall renew their oath of allegiance, will receive the safeguard and protection in their persons and property of the armies of the United States, the violation of which, by any person, is punishable with death.

All persons still holding allegiance to the Confederate States will be deemed rebels against the government of the United States, and regarded and treated as enemies thereof. Foreigners will also be protected, if they have not sworn allegiance to a rebel cause.

The municipal police force was disbanded, but the fire service was to remain active, with the US army taking over policing duties. Likewise, military courts would take over major crimes, but misdemeanors would still be handled by municipal courts. Keepers of public establishments could remain in business, but would be responsible for law and order in those establishments.

Butler even allowed state and Confederate currency to remain in use until it could be replaced in an orderly manner, after civil authorities pointed out that making this scrip illegal would be especially hard on the poor.

The Armies of the United States came here not to destroy but to make good, to restore order out of chaos, and the government of laws in place of the passions of men; to this end therefore, the efforts of all well disposed persons are invited to have every species of disorder quelled, and if any soldier of the United States should so far forget his duty or his flag, as to commit any outrage upon any person or property, the Commanding General requests that his name be instantly reported to the provost guard, so that he may be punished and his wrongful act redressed.

It seemed reasonable on paper, but interpretations of individual acts were a bit different. In one instance, Butler seized a set of silverware from a Southern woman attempting to cross Union lines. Her pass did not permit her to carry any goods, so the service was illegal, but under other conditions, it would have been considered personal property and been protected. Butler prosecuted her as a smuggler. He came to be seen as a looter of the personal property of the citizens of New Orleans, under the guise of "law and order," whether this was accurate or not (and the perception persists today).

Especially vexing was Butler's Order 28, which stated that any lady in New Orleans showing contempt for Union soldiers would effectively be treated as though she were a prostitute. This, of course, went against Southern tradition in its treatment of ladies, who were seen as due extra respect regardless of their provocations. Outraged, President Jefferson Davis labeled Butler an outlaw, which earned him the nickname “Beast Butler.”

Butler did have positive effects in the city, although it took draconian measures to accomplish some of them. Throughout its existence, the city had suffered mortality rates as high as 10% during "yellow fever season" in the South. Butler imposed sanitation measures, including garbage collection and strict quarantines during the worst weeks. As a result, during his tenure, only two deaths from yellow fever were reported.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Cases of scattered foxing, some folds, and brittle edges.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Rare Civil War Broadside, US Forces Occupy Nashville, Issue Orders to Suppress Guerrilla Activities Rare Civil War Broadside, US Forces Occupy Nashville, Issue Orders to Suppress Guerrilla Activities

Rare Civil War Broadside, US Forces Occupy Nashville, Issue Orders to Suppress Guerrilla Activities

Lot #67 (Sale Order 67 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 5 x 15 in., intended for wide circulation and posting in public places warning both US military forces and the civilian population that certain actions are to be taken as treasonous and prohibiting anti-US activities. With headline, General Orders No. 34/ Headquarters District of Tennessee, Nashville, Tenn. July 15, 1864, issued, By command of Maj. Gen. Milroy: B.H. Polk, Major and Ass't. General, and secondary issuance at bottom in fancier multi-style print, Headquarters US Forces, Clarksville, Tenn., July 25, 1864. The above order will be strictly enforced within the jurisdiction of the Posts of Clarksville and Fort Donelson, A.A. Smith, Col. 83d Ills. Vol. Inf't. Commanding.

The broadside commences: To the end that treason with its attendants of Guerillaism [sic], bushwacking and lawless violence of all kinds may be speedily and effectually suppressed and the supremacy of the Government restored in law and order in this district it is ordered. Then follows six separate orders for various actions to be taken by every commanding US officer...will cause immediate pursuit of any...lawless persons as may be seen or heard in his vicinity, the pursuit to be continued to extermination if possible...all persons harboring, aiding or abetting...to be treated in like manner...all houses/ buildings harboring and involuntarily feeding such lawless persons...to be burned...all citizens required to give immediate information to nearest officer of US of such lawless persons...highest duty of every citizen to be loyal and to yield every possible assistance to restoration of law and order...not [merely] by oaths and empty professions of loyalty but, by substantial acts...the day for passive lip-loyalty has gone...to be considered genuine loyalty, citizen must prove himself by works...disloyal and disaffected will be held responsible...and...in each neighborhood [will] remunerate loyal citizens against losses in the hands of guerillas [sic]...

Issued just after the occupation, this was the prelude to the Nashville campaign in mid-December, 1864. Milroy's earlier suppression of guerrillas in the mountain district was so vigorous that the Confederates had put a price on his head.

This very rare, significant broadside truly embodies the enmities created as well as the dread and terror generated during the Civil War under an occupying force.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Aging, but sound. One darker brown spot in center where once folded and some tattering, only on the extreme edges of the right side (mostly) blank edge and two small chips out of the edge of the top blank margin; all intact.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Civil War Broadside, Union Call for Civilians in TN to Erect Roadblocks to Prevent Marauders, 1864 Civil War Broadside, Union Call for Civilians in TN to Erect Roadblocks to Prevent Marauders, 1864

Civil War Broadside, Union Call for Civilians in TN to Erect Roadblocks to Prevent Marauders, 1864

Lot #68 (Sale Order 68 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 18 x 7.75 in., issued August 5, 1864, at Bedford County, TN (about 40 miles south of Nashville), signed in print by two civilians (leading citizens of that county), appealing for assistance from the public. Broadside with 2 in. headline, Important Notice!, followed by three bold lines, Gen. Couch has requested the undersigned to call upon the citizens of the county, to obstruct the mountain passes on such roads as might by used by raiding parties. The subscribers do not act in their official capacity, in making this call, but hope that the people will at once respond and organize.

Union General Daniel Couch, who had earlier led his Army Corps to important Union victories, was then in command of the Second Division of the XXIII Corps. This broadside superbly displays his actions trying to halt Confederate General Hood's invasion of Tennessee after losing Atlanta and preceding the build-up to the battle of Nashville in December. It was also during those same months that this exact imprint was issued, attempting to halt the "raiding parties" by Confederate General Forrest's cavalry in those very same..."mountain passes."

A highly significant and rare Civil War broadside produced in the months leading up to the important Nashville Campaign.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: There very small holes center in blank areas only. Small area of loss top left corner, and some loss along blank right margin, top and bottom corners. Normal aging. Light ghosting of text.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Tennessee Occupation, Rare Civil War Broadside, September 1864 Tennessee Occupation, Rare Civil War Broadside, September 1864

Tennessee Occupation, Rare Civil War Broadside, September 1864

Lot #69 (Sale Order 69 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 22.5 x 27.5 in., produced by Colonel R.D. Mussey and Captain J.F. Rusling in 1864. The broadside announces to Loyal Men and Women of the Loyal States the proceedings of a meeting held on September 24, 1864 in the Capitol of Tennessee. A portion reads, Brothers and sisters we spurn the proffered "sympathy" of traitors who have never voted a man or dollar towards putting down this rebellion...we beg you, forgetting all political prejudices, and seeing only your country, to elect Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. The broadside also requests for more volunteers in the army.

Tennessee was the only Confederate state that came entirely under Union control before the Civil War ended. Occupation began in 1862 and the Union completed it by 1864. Federal authorities initially used lenient occupation policies to win over secessionist citizens in Middle and West Tennessee and circulated broadsides similar to the one in the lot. When hostilities failed to subside, they employed harsher punishments and either imprisoned or banished many who refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Union.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Four horizontal and two vertical folds, toning of the paper and some creases. Some of the folds are very fragile and there is a tear in the center fold portion.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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New York Draft Riots Broadside, Don't Unchain the Tiger! New York Draft Riots Broadside, Don't Unchain the Tiger!

New York Draft Riots Broadside, Don't Unchain the Tiger!

Lot #70 (Sale Order 70 of 1143)

Rare broadside, 12 x 19 in., with the bold heading DON'T Unchain the Tiger!, urging New Yorkers to maintain order in the face of the impending draft riots. In response to the city's well-dressed demagogues filling the ears of the people with lies, the broadside says to Spurn him as you would a viper, and repeats the heading Don't unchain the Tiger! five more times. Undersigned by A Democratic Workingman, with publishing credit to the N.Y Workingmen's Democratic Republican Association, which was in actuality publisher-activist Sinclair Tousey (1818-1887).

The working classes of heavily-immigrant New York City had been lukewarm to the war from the start, owing to the fact that a majority of the South's exports passed through the ports and markets of the city and therefore provided many immigrant jobs. The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1863 strengthened immigrant opposition to the war as many foresaw free blacks migrating to the city in droves to compete for already low-paying jobs. The conscription act was the final straw, and local Democrats and Southern sympathizers seized on the opportunity to foment rebellion against blacks, Republican supporters and newspaper offices, and eventually federal troops, resulting in what was likened to a Confederate victory. Printer Samuel Tousey put his presses to work immediately, plastering his Stop and Think! and Don't Unchain the Tiger! broadsides throughout the city in an attempt to quell the hysteria. Although signed A Democratic Workingman, Tousey was in fact a committed Republican. His New York Times obituary of 1887 states that "he joined the Republican Party at its organization, and throughout the war was on terms of intimacy with many of its leaders," and says of his anti-riot appeals such as the one offered here, that "a most wholesome effect was produced."

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Very good overall, with light staining where framed, reductions at edges unaffecting text.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Democratic Creed!, Anti-Democrat & Anti-Slavery Broadside Promoting Union Candidate Henry Bumm Democratic Creed!, Anti-Democrat & Anti-Slavery Broadside Promoting Union Candidate Henry Bumm

Democratic Creed!, Anti-Democrat & Anti-Slavery Broadside Promoting Union Candidate Henry Bumm

Lot #71 (Sale Order 71 of 1143)

Massive printed broadside from the 1863 election for City Treasurer in Philadelphia, PA, between National Union candidate, Henry Bumm, and Democratic candidate John Brodhead, 43 x 26.5 in. Featuring very strong language that was purportedly quoted from a letter written by Brodhead to Jefferson Davis, which reads, Democratic Creed!/ Love for Civilization and Niggers!/ Hate for Northern Institutions!/ Worship of Southern Aristocracy!/ Sneer for Northern Mechanics!, signed in print as a Letter of John Brodhead, Democratic Candidate. A remarkable example of Republican propaganda against Brodhead, portraying the candidate as a Southern sympathizer who preferred slavery over a free working class.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Horizontal and vertical folds, with some separation at folds, especially along central horizontal fold, with additional short tears near this area of the fold. some short tears, chips along perimeter. Printed text rich and bold. Some separations reinforced with tape on back of broadside.

EST $ 2000 - 4000

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Civil War, Pro-Lincoln Broadside, The Road to Peace Through Pennsylvania Via Washington, 1863 Civil War, Pro-Lincoln Broadside, The Road to Peace Through Pennsylvania Via Washington, 1863

Civil War, Pro-Lincoln Broadside, The Road to Peace Through Pennsylvania Via Washington, 1863

Lot #72 (Sale Order 72 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 19 x 24 in., titled, The Road to Peace Through Pennsylvania Via Washington, As Engineered by Southern Rebels and their Democratic Allies. With reprinted excerpts below from materials published in The Richmond Enquirer (Jeff. Davis' Organ) on September 7, 1863, likely included to scare those considering voting for George McClellan. The closing lines of the pro-Lincoln broadside read, Men of Pennsylvania! Are you prepared for Peace on such terms? If not, proclaim to the Southern Rebels, by the ballot-box, at the next election, that the Pennsylvania Road to Peace, is through submission to the Constitution, and in the Union! Ca late 1863. A rare broadside that has not appeared at auction since the mid 1990s.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Overall good condition, with horizontal and vertical folds, few small holes, some light spots. Some short tears, light chipping along perimeter.

EST $ 1500 - 2500

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Rare Civil War Broadside Calling for the Soldier's Vote Rare Civil War Broadside Calling for the Soldier's Vote

Rare Civil War Broadside Calling for the Soldier's Vote

Lot #73 (Sale Order 73 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 23.25 x 33 in., stating, SPECIAL ELECTION!/ SHALL THE SOLDIER VOTE?/ Those who stay at home must determine this question for the brave men in the field./ Show your appreciation of their services by adopting the First Amendment to the Constitution, which gives to the Soldier the right to Vote as well as to Fight. Produced for an election held on August 2, 1864, in Philadelphia. Signed in print by James Freeborn, President of the National Union Executive Committee. Printed by King & Baird, Philadelphia, PA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Folds in broadside, few areas of creasing. Some separation, few tears or chips along some folds, including separation along vertical fold in area near text "Constitution, which gives to the." Few holes. Light staining where framed, with several repairs at cracks and one area of link lettering.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Abraham Lincoln, Presidential Proclamation For A Day of Humiliation and Prayer, 1864 Abraham Lincoln, Presidential Proclamation For A Day of Humiliation and Prayer, 1864

Abraham Lincoln, Presidential Proclamation For A Day of Humiliation and Prayer, 1864

Lot #74 (Sale Order 74 of 1143)

Printed broadside, 18 x 28 in., issued by Governor John A. Andrew of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on July 28, 1864, announcing A Proclamation...By His Excellency Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America...For A Day Of Humiliation and Prayer, followed by text designating the first Thursday of August next as that day. This was one of nine proclamations for a day of fasting, prayer, and/or thanksgiving made by President Lincoln during the Civil War. In this particular case, it was initiated by a concurrent resolution of both the Senate and House of Representatives.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Partially attached to cardboard backing along top margin using archival tape and housed under older mat. Horizontal and vertical folds, with some light toning along the folds. Slightly darker tone line along top margin. Some short chips, tears along perimeter.

EST $ 800 - 1000

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Grouping of Rare Civil War Recruitment Cards Grouping of Rare Civil War Recruitment Cards

Grouping of Rare Civil War Recruitment Cards

Lot #75 (Sale Order 75 of 1143)

Lot of 7 printed cards, largest 2.75 x 4.25 in., including one printed in color and featuring an illustration of a flag and cannon, for the "Aspinwall Howitzer Corps" of New York; one for Co. E, 157th Pennsylvania, offering $302 bounty; one for Co. A, First Regiment Pennsylvania Chasseurs; one for the "Corn Exchange Regiment" offering a $160 bounty, Philadelphia; one for the "Juniata Regiment" commanded by Colonel William D. Lewis, Jr., encamping at Huntingdon, PA; one for the "Continental Guard" commanded by Colonel James H. Perry, Brooklyn, offering $100 bounty; and one for general recruits in Boston offering $400 bounty.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 800 - 1000

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Charles Magnus Civil War Patriotic Covers, Extensive Collection of Proofs Charles Magnus Civil War Patriotic Covers, Extensive Collection of Proofs

Charles Magnus Civil War Patriotic Covers, Extensive Collection of Proofs

Lot #76 (Sale Order 76 of 1143)

Lot of 360 proofs for Civil War patriotic envelopes and letterhead published by Charles Magnus of New York City. Includes several numbered sets containing from 2 to 15 designs, many accompanied by additional hand-colored examples. Most proofs printed in a lustrous copper-toned ink. All approx. 3 x 5.5 in.

Sets include: Battle of Gettysburg, PA., July 3d, 1863 (proofs Nos. 1-12); Siege and Capture of Fort Donelson (proofs Nos. 1-12 plus all but 4 hand-colored); set of 20 Camp Scene proofs plus 7 hand-colored; Movement of the Army from Washington to Richmond (complete set of 12 plus hand-colored examples of Nos. 1-4); Advance of Gen. McClellan on Richmond (Nos. 1-3, proofs); Battle at Winchester Under Gen. Shields (Nos. 1-5); Long Bridge, Washington By Moonlight (Nos. 1-3, plus Nos. 1 & 3 hand-colored); Battle of Newbern, NC (proofs Nos. 1-4); a 12-proof set of various war-related scenes across the country; 16 different pairs or groups of three different views of Union camps and hospitals in Maryland and Virginia, mostly in Baltimore, including Fort McHenry, Fort Marshall, Stewart Mansion Hospital, Battery Stewart's Place, Camp Chesebrough, Lafayette Barracks, Belger Barracks, USA General Hospital at McKim's Mansion, USA General Hospital Patterson Park, Fort Federal Hill, Armory Hospital, Mount Pleasant Hospitals, Columbia College & Carver Barracks Hospitals, Major General Peck's HQ at Suffolk, VA, Encampment of US Troops at Newport News, VA, and Camp Between Fortress Monroe & Hampton, VA; a full 12-proof set of scenes from various battles; 10 of another 12-proof set of various battles (missing Nos. 1 & 12); 10 matching pairs of proofs and hand-colored examples each featuring a general and a map of their battles and movements, plus 5 more proofs and 5 more hand-colored that do not have a match; set of 12 proofs, each featuring a portrait of General McClellan beside a portrait of another general; set of 12 proofs featuring different generals over a "The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved" patriotic motif and beside a map of the Eastern United States, plus a second proof of all but one; 86 more proofs of Union generals and admirals (35 of them accompanied by hand-colored examples), of various designs and groupings; plus 13 miscellaneous proofs of maps, battles, etc., that do not appear to be part of a set.

Charles Magnus (1826-1900) was a German-born lithographer primarily involved in the publication of maps and city views, and noted for the superior quality of his printings due to his experience with old-world techniques. During the Civil War, he became the preeminent producer of pro-Union patriotic covers, stationery, and songsheets, and is estimated by some researchers to have produced around 1,000 unique designs.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 1500 - 3000

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Civil War - Indian War Era Stencil Kit Civil War - Indian War Era Stencil Kit

Civil War - Indian War Era Stencil Kit

Lot #77 (Sale Order 77 of 1143)

Sheet brass stencil kit with two sets of stencils to produce 1 in. and 1.5 in. capital letters with serifs, numbers 0-9 (large set only) and some punctuation marks. 37 large stencils and 29 small ones. Also includes stencil brush and japanned tin container of hard black ink with smaller empty container for water. All contained in an old wooden cigar box.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 600 - 800

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MO & Westn. Tel. Co. Telegrams, Some Concerning Col. Everett Peabody & Traitorous Operator MO & Westn. Tel. Co. Telegrams, Some Concerning Col. Everett Peabody & Traitorous Operator

MO & Westn. Tel. Co. Telegrams, Some Concerning Col. Everett Peabody & Traitorous Operator

Lot #78 (Sale Order 78 of 1143)

Lot of approx. 268 telegrams from the Missouri and Western Telegraph Company, mostly addressed to Major William E. Prince, 3rd US Army Infantry, from 1861 through March 1862, with 14 that concern a possibly traitorous telegraph operator feeding valuable information to an ardent secessionist. Individuals of note who sent telegraphs to Prince include: General George McClellan; General Lucius Fairchild; Major General John C. Fremont; Major General Samuel Ryan Curtis; Edward D. Townsend; Colonel Everett Peabody; Captain G.C Bingham; Major Van Horn; Lieutenant Colonel P.R. Anthony; Brigadier General Samuel D. Sturgis; Indian Agent W.W. Dennison; and General Henry W. Halleck. Also included in the lot is an oath of service by a telegram operator named McDill and a letter of recommendation written by the Governor of Massachusetts to the Secretary of War on behalf of Prince dated December 13, 1862.

Prior to the Civil War, Major William E. Prince already had an impressive military career serving in the Mexican American War and in the Northwestern Territory. After the Battle of Santa Cruz, he was brevetted a captain for his gallant and meritorious service. When the Civil War began, the army stationed him in Kansas as captain of the 3rd Infantry of the US Army. Months before the Battle of Lexington in Kansas, Prince received several reports on the position of the Confederate Army. On August 30, 1861, from Kansas City, MO, Colonel Everett Peabody of the 25th Missouri Infantry telegraphed Prince: A dispatch from Lt. Joseph this morning says one hundred and fifty Rebel cavalry are parading the streets of St. Joseph with fifteen hundred more a short distance off.

The next day, Peabody sent Prince another update: There is but one Secession Camp numbers variously estimated at from three to six hundred the rest have either gone towards Lexington or South the camp is at twenty miles marching distance the line is cut between St. Joseph and St. Louis and we can get no advice from Genl Pope If I understand your position I must look to you for protection (Kansas City, August 31, 1861).

Scandal struck the regiments when Major Thatcher accused a telegram operator, E.B. McDill, of an alleged breach of confidence (Williams to Prince, Leavenworth, KS, September 2, 1861). [Thatcher] says a prominent secessionist [is] in this place [and] has a verbatim copy of the message spoken of but refused to tell persons name or show copy, wrote Peabody (Peabody to Prince, Kansas City, September 2, 1861). For more, please go to www.cowans.com

His answer and arrest were not enough for Captain Prince. McDill was released that evening and sent a message to Prince: My arrest was doubtless malicious as you will see by Col Peabody’s messages. I am satisfied Maj Thacher did the revealing…It has hurt my standing in this office and hurt the business of the office also (Kansas City, September 3, 1861).

Prince continued to receive messages from Peabody and other officers about Confederate forces throughout the day with conflicting accounts. Peabody informed Prince, I have been compelled to place pickets in every direction in consequence, as I believe the operator having revealed my dispatch to you this morning—send another agent here (Kansas, September 2, 1861).

Prior to the Battle of Shiloh Peabody acted against orders, and organized a search party to test a position he felt was vulnerable. His unauthorized actions exposed rebel troops that allowed General Sherman and General Prentiss a few precious hours to respond against what would have been a surprise attack. Despite the warning, General Prentiss blamed Peabody for starting the Battle of Shiloh. Although Peabody’s insubordination possibly saved many lives, General Prentiss never acknowledged Peabody’s role in alarming him of the attack. Peabody was wounded four times in the battle. The final wound was a fatal shot to the head. After the fight, his men recovered his body and buried him inside an ammo box. On a crude wood plank above his grave, they engraved, “A braver man ne’er died upon the field; A warmer heart never to death did yield” (Harvard Memorial Biography, Colonel Everett Peabody). For a small sampling of additional telegraphs of note, please go to www.cowans.com.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: All are in good condition with some minor toning, very few have colored pencil notations.

EST $ 8000 - 10000

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Civil War Surgeon Cromwell O. Johnson, 5th PA Reserves, Pre-War Diaries, Medical School Notes, Plus Civil War Surgeon Cromwell O. Johnson, 5th PA Reserves, Pre-War Diaries, Medical School Notes, Plus

Civil War Surgeon Cromwell O. Johnson, 5th PA Reserves, Pre-War Diaries, Medical School Notes, Plus

Lot #79 (Sale Order 79 of 1143)

Lot of 179, including: 6 diaries; 163 letters, notes, and essays written by surgeon Cromwell Orrick Johnson, as well as 10 personal papers, dating from 1856-1864. Most of the notes and essays were written during the Civil War, but were not taken during his term of service.

Instead of enlisting in the war immediately, Cromwell Johnson finished his studies. He began his post-secondary career at Allegheny College in Meadville, PA, and after graduating, he served as principal for the Louisiana Institute in Missouri for two years. Johnson began studying medicine at the Medical University in New York. He took spurious notes in school and kept a daily journal from the last years of his teens until his graduation in 1863. His case notes, personal essays, and other writings are available in the lot.

Graduating in the spring of 1863, Johnson used his medical training on the battlefield. He enlisted as an assistant surgeon of the 5th Pennsylvania Reserves, also known as the 34th Pennsylvania, on March 9, 1863, and attempted to heal wounded men at the Battle of Gettysburg. Hand disease forced him to resign on September 29, 1863, but he returned to service with the Minnesota Cavalry in Brackett's Battalion on March 19, 1864 to fight against American Indian uprisings. He died before reaching the age of 30 at Bloody Run on December 21, 1864. Documents related to or during his service include: February 19, 1863 pass from Allentown to Reading; May 1864 receipt; July 2, 1864 receipts from Fort Rice in Dakota Territory; a list of medical and hospital supplies, August 14, 1864; a pass authorized by General Sully for Johnson to travel to Fort Randall; 2 receipts from Fort Randall for surgical instruments and other tools, October 1864; letter from Captain Nathaniel Pope allowing Johnson to travel by steamer; and a receipt for a steamer ticket on October 21, 1864. Other items include a sophomore exhibition pamphlet from Allegheny College dated March 16, 1859, and a copy of a speech Johnson gave while a sophomore.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: All are in good condition with some toning of the paper. The diaries have some wear on the cover, while the letters and other documents have typical folds. The Ready Reference File cover is separated from the notes, most of its papers are loose and some appear to be missing.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Civil War Surgeon and Libby Prison POW William S. Newton Manuscript Archive Civil War Surgeon and Libby Prison POW William S. Newton Manuscript Archive

Civil War Surgeon and Libby Prison POW William S. Newton Manuscript Archive

Lot #80 (Sale Order 80 of 1143)

Lot of 167 Civil War-period letters from surgeon William S. Newton, 91st Ohio Infantry and 193rd Ohio Infantry, including a written testimony of his experience as a prisoner of war at Libby Prison. In a rare occurrence, Newton's 13-year-old son visited him at the front during battle for more than a month. He writes about his son's visit as well as the Battle of Winchester, sending slaves to Ohio to help his wife, two occasions of shootings as a result of adultery involving army personnel, daily proceedings at an army hospital, and more. Included in the lot are transcriptions for all letters that are chronologically ordered in file folders labeled by the month and year as well as exhaustive research on Newton's term of service and his regiment. The following entry is a small sample of the contents of his correspondence.

By 1882, 59-year-old William S. Newton was a haggard looking man. The attendant who filed his application for an invalid pension noted that he had a sallow, pale complexion and greying hair; a result of a litany of issues he contracted as a prisoner of war. Nine months after he submitted his application, he would be dead.

Prior to his service in the Civil War, Newton must have been a handsome man. He was five foot nine inches tall with a dark complexion, dark hair, and brown eyes. A practicing physician, he enlisted in the army on September 17, 1862 as an assistant surgeon for the 93rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. At present, I have charge of the Hospital, while Warrick attends Surgeons Call in camp every morning, explained Newton to his wife. Carpenter is counselling physician, and takes charge of the hospital supplies, makes out certificates for furloughs and discharges. We have plenty to occupy our time, can hardly have time to get homesick, or know how time passes (October 1, 1862). He and his colleague Warwick were very busy with daily operations. They received, on average, about 40 soldiers a day with minor complaints. Still, as he prepared medication and addressed their ailments, he managed to care for his family in Ohio. When his wife wrote about his daughter Kate's illness he diagnosed her symptoms as a cold working itself out and prescribed her a mixture of chalk and diaphoretic powder every four hours (Camp at Point Pleasant, October 5, 1862). In his letters, he also complained about the frustrations of paperwork and a physician's limited power. We can only [authorize furloughs] when we believe death or permanent disability would be the result if not granted. So when the men go to their captains, colonels or any other officers to beg for a furlough, they always send them to a Surgeon for a certificate, at the same time knowing how little we can do for them, wrote Newton (Point Pleasant, October 7, 1862). He struggled to watch sick men march long distances without rest because his regiment lacked a sufficient amount of ambulances and his captain ordered the men sleep without their tents.

Common colds and dysentery would no longer be the chief complaint of soldiers after they finally saw action that fall. The day before a battle against General Morgan's men, Newton predicted there would be a fight. He wrote to his wife, The Rebs have been reinforced and will dispute our advance at every available point, and they may be in force to thrash us. But our troops do not think so, and it will take a large force to stop us (October 23, 1862). Instead of tending to the wounded at the rear, he found a spot on a nearby hillside to watch the battle at Camp Pocatalico. The skirmish ended in a Union retreat, which forced Newton to leave behind 30 soldiers in the hospital tent.

The weather grew cold and rations ran low as they continued to march through the fall. Travelling through burned towns near Ganley Bridge, Newton noted the devastation, [there is] nothing to eat for man or beast, except what we bring with us...You can have no idea of the destruction of property in this valley (Ganley Bridge, November 3, 1862). To his disgust, his tent became infested with rebel body lice about the size of a half grain of coffee and lizards, seeking a warm place to rest, crawled into his bunk at night (Ganley Bridge, November 14, 1862).

Newton was promoted to surgeon of the 193rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry on March 14, 1865. His installment could not have come at a better time for the new regiment, because they were in desperate need of medical personnel at the battle of Winchester. For his experiences during the remainder of his time in service, please go to www.cowans.com.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Very good condition with typical folds and toning of the paper. There are no original envelopes. Some have pencil markings on the letters but does not inhibit their legibility.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Corp. Joseph L. Steele, Iowa 2nd Cav., Archive Incl. 1862 Diary, Prosthetic Leg, Photos, & More Corp. Joseph L. Steele, Iowa 2nd Cav., Archive Incl. 1862 Diary, Prosthetic Leg, Photos, & More

Corp. Joseph L. Steele, Iowa 2nd Cav., Archive Incl. 1862 Diary, Prosthetic Leg, Photos, & More

Lot #81 (Sale Order 81 of 1143)

Lot of 20.

Twenty-three-year-old Joseph Loring Steele enlisted as a private on August 14, 1861. On the first of September, he mustered into the 2nd Iowa Cavalry, Co. C. While out in the field in 1862 he kept a daily journal, briefly recording his service and experiences while assisting General Pope in the reduction of New Madrid and Island No. 10. Many entries describe abandoned artillery pieces, captured prisoners, and scouting parties. In 1864 Steele’s service took a dire turn. During battle in Collierville, TN, a rebel soldier shot him in the left leg. In order to save his life, doctors amputated the leg above the knee--8 in. from his body. The army granted Steele an honorable discharge from service on October 1, 1864 in Memphis, TN. He received a prosthetic leg (5.5 x 30 in.) made of metal and leather that still retains his original worn boot. As a souvenir, he kept the bullet that took his limb and almost cost him his life. The prosthetic leg and bullet as well as 4 post-war diaries; 2 silver gelatin photographs of the veteran, ca 1920; chevrons from his cavalry jacket; 2 newspaper clippings concerning his regiment; a 5 dollar Confederate note; his personal narrative of his record of service during the Civil War; and more are included in the lot.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: The leg has some wear and corrosion with age, the boot has a large hole in the heel most likely from prolonged use. Paper items remain in good condition with some toning, the Confederate note has some brittleness. The journals are fragile but still retain their binding. Steele's handwriting is clear and legible.

EST $ 1500 - 2500

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Silas Clack History of the Common Soldier in the Civil War Written & Illus. by Civil War Veteran Silas Clack History of the Common Soldier in the Civil War Written & Illus. by Civil War Veteran

Silas Clack History of the Common Soldier in the Civil War Written & Illus. by Civil War Veteran

Lot #82 (Sale Order 82 of 1143)

Bound manuscript, 255 pp, entitled <i>Silas Clack History of the Common Soldier in the Civil War, </i>written and illustrated by Phillip M. Radford, 5th Tennessee Cavalry, Co. A, and 1st Alabama Vidette Cavalry, Co. F.<br><br>A peculiar native of Tennessee, Phillip M. Radford went against the allegiance of his home state and enlisted in the Union Army at Nashville on August 19, 1862. He mustered in as a private of the 5th Tennessee Cavalry, Co. A, commanded by Colonel W.B. Stokes. He was promoted to sergeant major, then took command of the 1st Alabama Vidette Cavalry, Co. F, as a 1st lieutenant. He narrowly escaped capture from Morgan's Raiders on a recruiting mission in Tennessee. Radford wrote about his experience, and the Nashville <i>Daily Union</i> published it on May 17, 1862. While assisting his men moving a wagon, he ruptured the right side of his abdomen. The internal injury festered for a few days, causing an infection that made him unfit for service. He was honorably discharged on June 16, 1864. Instead of leaving the army, he became a clerk until the war's end. After the war, he became commander of GAR Post No. 1 Department of Tennessee and Georgia. Inspired by his war experience, Radford took his pen to paper again, this time, writing a fictional account of a soldier named Silas Clark. In the preface of the book, he wrote: <br><br><i>The experience of Si Clack recorded in this book is the story of thousands who were privates in the Federal Army. </i><i>Since the war ended numerous histories of prominent men have been written. Desperate and bloody battles have been recorded and spread broadcast for the information of the world. </i><i>The history of the common soldier has yet to be written. So then was the task set to whip a determined enemy and they did it. </i><i>This story was given in several lectures to the Grand Army Post as camp fire stories. They were thought to be too good to throw aside and hence preserved in book form. </i><p style="text-align: center;"><i>P.M. Radford </i><p style="text-align: center;"><i>Commander Gen. H Thomas Post </i><p style="text-align: center;"><i>No.1 G.A.R. </i><p style="text-align: left;"><i>Nashville, Tennessee </i><p style="text-align: left;"><i>November 6, 1885</i><br><br>The protagonist, Clack enlisted in the army based on patriotism. He served for three years in an unidentified company. Before his departure, his family tearfully gave him gifts they thought he would need at the front. His mother knitted him a few pairs of socks, his sisters gave him soap and a family photo album, and his father had the shoemaker make him the best pair of boots. During his service, Clack took a prisoner and saw action at the Battle of Stone's River. In between the stories, Radford drew over 70 illustrations, both comical and mundane, that were familiar to every soldier. Near the conclusion of the story, he begins with a poignant explanation of what soldiering is and why men enlisted. He wrote: <br><br><i>On the whole perhaps boys like adventure and excitement, fine dress, the pride of fame, all of which are sentimental motives that makes them like going into "the Guards" better than into the counting house. They fancy that there is a severe sense of duty missed with these peacocky motives. </i><br><br><i>There is true duty done in raising harvests and houses than in burning them. There is more in winning money by your own work than in taxing other peoples work for money wherewith to slay men. And if you are a sentimental fellow you chose to brave death in a red coat than a black one. </i><br><br><i>But after a while you find that you have put yourself into the hands of your country as a weapon. You have vowed to strike when you are bid and to stay the scabbard when they bid you. But remember all this is a state of slavery. There are different kinds of slaves and different masters. Some are bought with money and others with praise. It matters not what the purchase of money is. The sign of slavery is to have a price and be bought for it...some slaves are set to digging others to forced marches some dig furrows others graves. Some press the juice of vines and some the blood of men</i>.<br><br>He ends with a powerful illustration of two men who spend their money on curtains or steel traps. The man who buys the steel traps sets them on either side of the wall with a good friend because, <i>he could not possibly keep on friendly terms without them</i>. It is a creative illustration of the Union and Confederacy after the war. Radford encourages veterans on either side of the wall not to set traps for each other and to not prepare for war in a time of peace. <br><br>Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.<br><br>Condition: Fragile binding, with little to no spine left; wear on the cover and toning of the paper. There are n

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Half Plate Ambrotype of a Painted Portrait, Possibly Depicting General George Rogers Clark Half Plate Ambrotype of a Painted Portrait, Possibly Depicting General George Rogers Clark

Half Plate Ambrotype of a Painted Portrait, Possibly Depicting General George Rogers Clark

Lot #83 (Sale Order 83 of 1143)

Half plate ambrotype featuring a bust length, painted portrait of a Revolutionary War officer in uniform that likely dates ca 1808. In comparing the portrait with known paintings of George Rogers Clark, it has been suggested that this might be an ambrotype of a painted portrait of the celebrated Revolutionary War general. Housed in half case.

General George Rogers Clark (1752-1818) is best known for his military achievements during the Revolutionary War, and is credited with dominating the Northwest Territory with the Kentucky Militia. Although his life after the war was wrought with alcoholism and repeated failure, he was an important subject for portrait artists from the period, such as Matthew Harris Jouett and John Wesley Jarvis.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

EST $ 800 - 1000

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Quarter Plate Tintype of Officers from the 124th New York Infantry Smoking Pipes, One Identified Quarter Plate Tintype of Officers from the 124th New York Infantry Smoking Pipes, One Identified

Quarter Plate Tintype of Officers from the 124th New York Infantry Smoking Pipes, One Identified

Lot #85 (Sale Order 84 of 1143)

Quarter plate, uncased tintype portrait of a group of four uniformed soldiers standing together in a studio setting, with an American flag partially visible on the painted backdrop. Three of the four soldiers smoke pipes as they look directly at the camera. A modern note inked on reverse side of plate identifies the subjects as, Officers of the 124th N.Y. / H.P. Ramsdell on far right.

Henry P. Ramsdell was the son of the incredibly successful merchant, Homer Ramsdell, who engaged in business in dry goods, silk, shipping, and banking, and served as president of the Erie Railroad. In 1860, Ramsdell's father owned more than half a million dollars worth of real estate, while his mother owned 50,000 dollars in real estate and $150,000 in personal property. On August 15, 1862, barely at the legal age, Henry P. Ramsdell decided to leave his comfortable life and enlist in the army as a 2nd lieutenant. The next month, he was commissioned into the 124th New York Infantry, Co. C. He earned two promotions during his brief service, including 1st lieutenant on December 31, 1862, and captain on October 7, 1863. Engaged at Harper's Ferry, Ramsdell and his regiment did not suffer much loss, but at the Battle of Chancellorsville, 204 of the regiment's 505 men where either injured or killed. It suffered again at the Battle of Gettysburg, where 28 officers and men were killed, 57 wounded, and five reported missing. The 124th NY's heroic leader, Colonel Ellis, perished there. After losing Ellis, young Ramsdell took command of the regiment where, by this account, he acquitted himself nobly. Ramsdell's career was cut short after the army discharged him on December 13, 1863 for a contusion of the kidneys he suffered at Gettysburg. While he remained at home, his regiment continued to lose men at Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg. Stumbling to the end, the regiment was present at Appomattox Court House and witnessed the final Union victory.

After the war, Ramsdell enjoyed a quiet life as a paper manufacturer in New York. Census records indicate he eventually married a woman 30 years his junior, Adele Livingston Voorhees, and they had one child together. He and his wife traveled extensively after his retirement. A Biographical Sketch of Lt. Henry Powell Ramsdell was offered by Cowan's in December 2004 as Lot 328.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Few creases in plate, near top left corner. Few very light scratches. Tones are nice, rich, however they are a little dark in lower portion of plate.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Quarter Plate Tintype of a Union Soldier Armed with Musket Quarter Plate Tintype of a Union Soldier Armed with Musket

Quarter Plate Tintype of a Union Soldier Armed with Musket

Lot #86 (Sale Order 85 of 1143)

Quarter plate tintype of an unidentified soldier displaying his musket and wearing a belt with cartridge box and bayonet. Gold-tinted buttons and belt buckle on the plate, housed under mat, glass, and preserver, but uncased.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Very good.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of a Soldier with Two-piece Buckle Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of a Soldier with Two-piece Buckle

Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of a Soldier with Two-piece Buckle

Lot #87 (Sale Order 86 of 1143)

Sixth plate daguerreotype of a soldier wearing a blue-tinted jacket and hat with what appears to be a C insignia and a two-piece belt buckle. The soldier is unidentified but appears to be a militiaman, possibly an officer, from the period between the Mexican War and Civil War. Housed in "The Union and Constitution" thermoplastic case.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Solar ring at mat edges, else very good. Appears to have original seals.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Sixth Plate Tintype of Soldier Armed with Volcanic Pistol Sixth Plate Tintype of Soldier Armed with Volcanic Pistol

Sixth Plate Tintype of Soldier Armed with Volcanic Pistol

Lot #88 (Sale Order 87 of 1143)

Sixth plate, uncased tintype showing an officer sporting a mustache and goatee, seated in a studio setting, wearing a militia uniform that appears to be a French inspired, chasseur-type uniform, the buttons highlighted in gold. The subject is posed with a rare Volcanic pistol in his right hand and what looks to be a knife in his left hand. He rests his left elbow on a small table beside him, with what appears to be an American flag draped over top of it.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Uncased. Tones are very good. Some light surface wear to plate.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Tintype of Man Armed with Volcanic Pistol Tintype of Man Armed with Volcanic Pistol

Tintype of Man Armed with Volcanic Pistol

Lot #89 (Sale Order 88 of 1143)

Hand-tinted, uncased tintype, 1.75 x 2.75 in., of an unidentified man in a studio setting, seated in front of a painted mountainous backdrop, holding a rare Volcanic pistol in his right hand.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Uncased, some surface scratching where mat used to be, few spots. Flayderman inventory tag affixed to back of plate.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Tintypes & Ambrotype of Armed Soldiers, Two Holding Rare Allen & Wheelock Revolvers Civil War Tintypes & Ambrotype of Armed Soldiers, Two Holding Rare Allen & Wheelock Revolvers

Civil War Tintypes & Ambrotype of Armed Soldiers, Two Holding Rare Allen & Wheelock Revolvers

Lot #90 (Sale Order 89 of 1143)

Lot of 3, including uncased quarter plate tintype of two uniformed soldiers, the subject at right with an Allen & Wheelock percussion revolver tucked in his belt and a bayonet that is partially visible. The young soldier at left appears to hold a small pipe in his right hand; ninth plate ruby ambrotype of a young private holding an Allen & Wheelock cartridge revolver in one hand and a spear point Bowie knife in the other, housed in full case; and ninth plate tintype of a uniformed soldier displaying his 1849 pocket Colt revolver with 4-inch barrel, housed in full case.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Quarter plate tintype uncased, but under mat, with some cracking in surface of plate, but does not detract from image. Ruby ambrotype with few spots on plate, tarnish ring along perimeter where plate meets mat. Ninth plate tintype with few light spots on surface.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Tintypes of Soldiers Armed with Rare Revolvers Civil War Tintypes of Soldiers Armed with Rare Revolvers

Civil War Tintypes of Soldiers Armed with Rare Revolvers

Lot #91 (Sale Order 90 of 1143)

Lot of 3 sixth plate tintypes, including studio portrait of a soldier seated, holding a Pond revolver, matted under glass but lacking case; lightly hand-tinted portrait of a uniformed soldier standing in a studio setting, smoking a large pipe, holding a Colt 1851 percussion Navy revolver in his right hand. Three stacked rifle muskets are displayed beside him. Housed in half case; and a standing studio portrait of a mustached soldier armed with a musket, with a Remington percussion revolver tucked in his belt as well as a gold-tinted pocket watch. Housed in full case.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Pond revolver image, uncased, with some small spots on plate, image a bit dull in appearance. Standing, smoking soldier, nicely hand-colored, light surface wear where plate meets mat, but otherwise very good. Standing soldier, a bit dark in terms of contrast.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Archive, Wm. E. Carlton, 42nd OH, Incl. Diary of Red River Campaign, Tintype, GAR, Plus Civil War Archive, Wm. E. Carlton, 42nd OH, Incl. Diary of Red River Campaign, Tintype, GAR, Plus

Civil War Archive, Wm. E. Carlton, 42nd OH, Incl. Diary of Red River Campaign, Tintype, GAR, Plus

Lot #92 (Sale Order 91 of 1143)

Archive includes a sixth plate tintype of Private Carlton standing with his musket and wearing a US belt buckle; a four-piece ladder badge from Carlton's company, Co. B, 42nd Ohio Infantry; a pocket diary for 1864, inscribed several times by Carlton with rank and with entries for every day that year until October 2, which was the end of his service; his GAR badge; GAR hat insignia, pinback, and nine uniform buttons; ribbons from the 1889 and 1911 annual reunions of the 42nd OVI; a four-section telescoping spyglass, 16.25 in. extended, with optics in excellent condition; plus other assorted buttons, collar studs, etc., not Civil War-related.

William E. Carlton enlisted for a three-year term on September 22, 1861, and mustered into the 42nd Ohio as a corporal in Co. B. He was taken prisoner October 24, 1863 at an unspecified place, and exchanged in January of the following year. In his daily journal, Carlton shares his experiences as a POW in New Orleans and the anxiety he felt waiting to return to his regiment after his recent exchange. The place we have to stay in is worse than a pig pen, he wrote, we have to stay in the mud eat in the mud and sleep in the mud such is war (January 6 and 7, 1864)! Eventually, the Confederates released him and he returned to his regiment at the end of the month. That May, during the Red River campaign, his regiment encountered the enemy. One skirmish resulted in the death of six men, including one of their best soldiers, Corporal Jasper Powers. Before he died he said he was prepared to go, wrote Carlton (May 4, 1864). The regiment held the most solemn funeral for him where everyone wept (May 5, 1865). The next day, the entire 120th Ohio was either killed or taken prisoner by rebel forces. Luckily, Carlton and his regiment did not suffer the same fate and continued to fight. Regular entries for the journal end towards the end of his service.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Fraying and soiling of the ribbons, separation of a medal case, wear of the cover and toning of the journal pages.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Private Andrew Goodwin, 25th Maine Infantry, Photographic Archive Private Andrew Goodwin, 25th Maine Infantry, Photographic Archive

Private Andrew Goodwin, 25th Maine Infantry, Photographic Archive

Lot #93 (Sale Order 92 of 1143)

Lot of 13 photographs of members of the Andrew Goodwin and Mary L. Rich family, including 5 cased images of Andrew Goodwin, comprised of a sixth plate tintype of Goodwin in Civil War uniform, sixth plate ambrotype, ninth plate daguerreotype, and 2 ninth plate ambrotypes, one that is accompanied by a ninth plate ambrotype portrait of Goodwin's wife, Mary L. Rich, believed to be their wedding portraits from 1860. The collection includes 2 additional ninth plate ambrotypes of Goodwin's wife, Mary, each in full case; ninth plate ambrotype in half case and half plate tintype in thermoplastic wall frame showing Goodwin's daughter, Leila; 2 sixth plate daguerreotypes in half cases, one showing an aged man under mat stamped by S.L. Carleton, Portland, ME, the other showing an aged woman under mat stamped by Anson, 589 Broadway; and circular tintype of unidentified woman, approx. 1 in. dia., in half "Oreo" case.

Born in 1837, Goodwin married Mary Lyman Rich of Portland, ME, in 1860. Their daughter Leila (Lilly) was born in 1862. He enlisted in the army on September 29, 1862 and mustered into the 25th Maine Infantry, Co. H. Goodwin served until July 10, 1863 when he mustered out of service at Portland, ME. He enlisted a second time, after working as a moulder, on August 16, 1864. Two days later, he mustered into the 4th Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Co. K. He and his regiment primarily defended the forts in Washington, DC until they mustered out at the capital on June 17, 1865. A note inside one of his ambrotypes claims he was taken prisoner at some point, but we found no records to support that claim.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Sixth plate ambrotype of Goodwin in civilian clothing, exceptionally clear. View of Goodwin in uniform with few scratches on plate, image a bit dark, housed in full case separated at hinge. Light to moderate wear to remaining portraits.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Confederate 42nd GA Infy. Group Incl. Photos of Brothers B.F. & T.G. Moore, One DOW,  1861 Journal Confederate 42nd GA Infy. Group Incl. Photos of Brothers B.F. & T.G. Moore, One DOW,  1861 Journal

Confederate 42nd GA Infy. Group Incl. Photos of Brothers B.F. & T.G. Moore, One DOW, 1861 Journal

Lot #94 (Sale Order 93 of 1143)

Lot of 5, including quarter plate ambrotype of a mustached soldier wearing a homespun jean cloth shell jacket and Georgia buttons, housed in full thermoplastic case, accompanied by modern inked note identifying the subject as Private B.F. Moore, who served in Co. G, 42nd Georgia Infantry, known as the "Walton Blues"; oval 1.25 x 1.5 in. tintype housed in figural thermoplastic case and 5 x 7 in. tintype, likely a period copy image from the same sitting, of subject identified in accompanying documentation provided by consignor as T.R. Moore, brother to B.F. Moore, dressed in uniform, holding his Bowie knife; a diary pencil identified to T.R. Moore, Volunteered the 11th July 1861 left the social circle for the seat of war at Richmond Virginia the 23rd July 1861 being 21 years 2 months & 19 days old, with a reference to B.F. Moore as well, that reads, in part, Volunteers March 1862 left for Big Shanty, Cobb County the 12th of March...(difficult to discern). The diary contains random entries, lists, many outlining purchases, dating from 1861-1870s, including a note about the purchase of a Buoy [sic] Knife for $2.00 and Ambertypes [sic] for $1.35; and a Confederate envelope inscribed at top, From B.F. Moore, Musician 42 Ga. Regt., addressed to Miss M.M. Moore, Walton County, GA.

As soon as he was of legal age, Benjamin F. Moore enlisted in the army on March 4, 1862 and mustered into the 42nd Georgia Infantry, Co. G, as a private and musician. Within a year of entering the service, the Union captured Moore at Vicksburg, but released him a few days later. On April 26, 1865, he surrendered at Greensboro, NC. His older brother, Thomas Ruben Moore enlisted before him under the name Ruben. He mustered in as a private in the 16th Georgia Infantry, Co. F. Unlike his brother, Thomas lost his life after being wounded at the Battle of Crampton's Gap on October 17, 1862. His body was never returned to Georgia, but a headstone remains for him on the family plot.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some loss to varnish on back of ambrotype, few spots on plate, but image still very good. Some spots on mat. Small oval tintype with unusual surface effect including small dimple along lower edge of tintype, some wear to figural thermoplastic case. Large tintype with some creases throughout, few nicks/scratches on surface, few dimples in plate. Diary fine condition considering age, pages have completely separated from covers, and some pages loose, with some light to moderate fading of text.

EST $ 2500 - 3500

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Civil War Sixth Plate Ambrotype of a A.J. Waters, 4th MS Cav., Holding Rare Spiller & Burr Revolver Civil War Sixth Plate Ambrotype of a A.J. Waters, 4th MS Cav., Holding Rare Spiller & Burr Revolver

Civil War Sixth Plate Ambrotype of a A.J. Waters, 4th MS Cav., Holding Rare Spiller & Burr Revolver

Lot #95 (Sale Order 94 of 1143)

Sixth plate ruby ambrotype of a dapper Southerner wearing an elaborate battle shirt, and holding a rare Spiller & Burr or Whitney revolver in his hands and another in his belt. Housed in a half case with a lock of hair and pencil inscription under the plate identifying the man as A.J. Waters, as well as a blessing written by his sister and mother: O bless who in the battle Dies/ God will enshrine them in the skies/ Now let warrior plume (illegible) and move him toward afar(?) / For the men of the North shall bleed this day/ And the sun shall blush with war.

There are seven soldiers with the initials and name A.J. Waters on the Confederate rolls, but the consignor belies this to be a private who served in Co. D, 4th Mississippi Cavalry.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

EST $ 4000 - 6000

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Civil War Sixth Plate Ambrotype of Armed Confederate with CS Belt Buckle Civil War Sixth Plate Ambrotype of Armed Confederate with CS Belt Buckle

Civil War Sixth Plate Ambrotype of Armed Confederate with CS Belt Buckle

Lot #96 (Sale Order 95 of 1143)

Sixth plate ambrotype of a Confederate soldier with one hand on his Confederate-made Spiller & Burr revolver tucked into his CS, belt and the other hand displaying his cavalry sabre. Housed in a thermoplastic case with floral designs.

This image came to us in a box with a modern inscription identifying the subject as Private Thomas Colvard, 1st North Carolina Cavalry & 9th NC State Troops, although we cannot confirm this identification. If it is correct, however, the soldier had an eventful three years of service, being captured and exchanged twice and wounded twice. Colvard was wounded in a skirmish near Barbee's Crossroads, VA, on November 5, 1862, and taken prisoner for ten days before being exchanged, and was captured in June 1863 at Upperville, VA, again spending less than two weeks in Union custody before being exchanged at City Point.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

EST $ 4000 - 6000

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Sixth Plate Tintype of a Louisiana Officer Sixth Plate Tintype of a Louisiana Officer

Sixth Plate Tintype of a Louisiana Officer

Lot #97 (Sale Order 96 of 1143)

Sixth plate tintype of an unidentified Confederate 1st lieutenant, suggested by the consignor to be from Louisiana. The subject wears a Confederate regulation double-breasted frock coat. The row of multiple buttons that are visible on one of the cuffs are typical of French-influenced uniforms. The buttons, collar bars, sleeve badges, and hat insignia are lightly tinted gold. Housed in a half case.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Near-excellent.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Civil War Sixth Plate Ruby Ambrotype of a Confederate Officer Civil War Sixth Plate Ruby Ambrotype of a Confederate Officer

Civil War Sixth Plate Ruby Ambrotype of a Confederate Officer

Lot #98 (Sale Order 97 of 1143)

Sixth plate ruby ambrotype of an unidentified 2nd lieutenant wearing a Confederate regulation double-breasted frock coat. Sleeve badges, buttons, and collar piping are tinted gold. Housed in a half case under mat and glass.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: A few large scratches to the left of the man's head, else very good.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Alexander Gardner, Albumen Photograph of Civil War Surgeon John H. Brinton Alexander Gardner, Albumen Photograph of Civil War Surgeon John H. Brinton

Alexander Gardner, Albumen Photograph of Civil War Surgeon John H. Brinton

Lot #99 (Sale Order 98 of 1143)

Albumen photograph, 8.75 x 6.75 in., on 17 x 11.5 in. mount credited to A. Gardner, Photographer, Washington. A fine, outdoor view of John H. Brinton and his staff, taken in Petersburg, VA, in October 1864.

The scion of the intellectual and social elite in Philadelphia, Brinton (1832-1907) was trained as a physician at the University of Pennsylvania and rose rapidly in the Union medical establishment. Unusually, he served in both theaters of war, serving under Grant during the campaigns of Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and Corinth, then in Washington and Virginia for Second Bull Run and Antietam, through Gettysburg and the Valley, before returning to the west. Brinton is best known for going to Gettysburg, at the request of the surgeon general, in order to report back his observations on medical techniques, burials and, more importantly, to collect the amputated limbs of the wounded and have them shipped in barrels back to Washington for the benefit of the newly founded US Medical Museum. While at Gettysburg, Brinton is also known to have aided the wounded soldiers.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Light, even toning to print. Light spotting on mount, which looks like it might have been slightly trimmed.

EST $ 500 - 700

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MA 43rd Volunteers, Two Albumen Photos Taken at Camp Rogers, New Bern, NC, By Lieut. G.H. Nickerson MA 43rd Volunteers, Two Albumen Photos Taken at Camp Rogers, New Bern, NC, By Lieut. G.H. Nickerson

MA 43rd Volunteers, Two Albumen Photos Taken at Camp Rogers, New Bern, NC, By Lieut. G.H. Nickerson

Lot #100 (Sale Order 99 of 1143)

Lot features 2 rare albumen photographs, each on original mount with the following imprint: Camp Rogers./ Encampment of the 43d Regiment Mass. Vols./ Newbern, NC, March 12, 1863, photographed by Lieutenant. G.H. Nickerson, printed by Black, and copyrighted May 12, 1863. The first albumen features a distant view of the 43rd Massachusetts Volunteers in square formation, 11 x 9 in., framed, 15.25 x 14.5 in.; and second outdoor view of the regiment lined up, 11.25 x 9.125 in., on 15 x 12.75 in. mount, given by Private William Waters Sprague to possibly Frederick L. Stevens of the 42nd and 62nd Massachusetts Volunteers, as indicated by penciled notes on mount verso. Accompanied by correspondence from a soldier by the name of Colman Tilden, in which he discusses having the photographs taken.

Census records indicate that Lieutenant George Hathaway Nickerson (1835-1890) listed himself as a photographer in Louisville, KY in 1860. According to his enlistment records, however, Nickerson resided in Orleans, MA in 1862 but still registered his occupation as a photographer. He enlisted in the army as a 2nd lieutenant on August 13, 1862 and was commissioned into the 43rd Massachusetts Infantry, Co. E. Although he fought in the war he remained passionate about photography. In June 1863, Nickerson was promoted to 1st lieutenant and served in that position until he mustered out of service on July 30, 1863 at Readville, MA. After the war, he continued to photograph, in particular he worked on a series of stereoviews of the maritime community.

From Newbern, NC, Colman Tilden wrote to his parents about a photographer's visit to camp, which most likely refers to the photograph taken by Nickerson.

Friday morning we had some photographs taken of the camp and the regiment. We were taken three times, the first time the regiment were on the march, marching in column by companies, guns at right shoulder shift, the second we were formed in a hollow square at "charge bayonets" the third was at dress parade standing at "parade rest" I understand they take a great many to be struck off, and sold to the regiment, If they do and they are good ones I will send home some (March 30, 1863).

He discusses photographs involving the regiment in an additional letter included with the lot.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Toning of the photographs with minor cases of foxing, typical toning and folds of the letters with their original envelopes.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Civil War Albumen Photograph of Soldiers Posed with a Six-Pound Gun Civil War Albumen Photograph of Soldiers Posed with a Six-Pound Gun

Civil War Albumen Photograph of Soldiers Posed with a Six-Pound Gun

Lot #101 (Sale Order 100 of 1143)

Albumen photograph, 7 x 8.75 in., on a 10 x 12 in. mount. Seven artillerymen pose around an 1841 six-pounder, all wearing battleshirts rather than uniform jackets. One man wears 19th regiment insignia on his shirt, one wears a kepi with the crossed cannons of an artillery unit, and one wears F and K company insignia. The man at far right smokes a pipe with a large, flexible stem.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Excellent contrast and clarity. Some light soiling of the print and mount, but a very good image overall. Mount with bumped corners.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Andersonville Commandant Henry Wirz, Folk Art Carved Pipe Andersonville Commandant Henry Wirz, Folk Art Carved Pipe

Andersonville Commandant Henry Wirz, Folk Art Carved Pipe

Lot #102 (Sale Order 101 of 1143)

Dark brown folk art carved pipe, very nicely grained wood, most likely laurel root; almost identical to the pipes offered as Lots 103 and 104, and the largest of the three. This example is thicker and a bit heavier than the other two as well. Design on front includes name and rank nicely relief carved and entirely encircling on the panel around the large relief five point star: H. Wirz. Capt. Comd'g Prison. With long curved panel/ riband on right side of pipe relief carved, Sumter Prison, and another panel like it on the left side carved, Andersonville, GA. Above each of those curved panels filling the left and right side is a relief carved large branch leaf and single large blossoming flower motif. This pipe has a very large and lengthy relief carved motif of an arrow starting just below the oval front panel and running around the bottom and almost the full length of the shank with the head of the arrow pointing upwards towards the top of the shank. It does not have any silver or German silver mounts and was never fitted for them. Maximum width 2.75 in.; bowl height 2.25 in., dia. 1.75 in.

The pipe is accompanied by a typed tag that states, Presented by Captain Wirz, commanding Andersonville Prison, to E.W. Masterson, 4th OVC, Mr. Masterson being with the ____ sent to arrest Wirz.

The true nature of Heinrich Hartmann Wirz (1823-1865), also known as Henry, is a complicated mix of legend and fact. Born in Switzerland, he immigrated to the United States to seek other opportunities. He tried but failed to practice homeopathic medicine, which forced him to take several odd jobs across the country including a position as an overseer at a 2,200 acre plantation in Louisiana. Early in his Civil War service, he began guard duty at Howard's Factory Prison where he developed a reputation for efficiency and callousness. His reputation followed him to Andersonville where he purportedly inflicted harsh punishments on the prisoners, and, conversely, sometimes exercised compassion and empathy. Wirz feared Union retribution, and, as early as 1861, predicted that he would die if the Union captured him. His premonition came true. On May 7, 1865, Union officers arrested him at Andersonville. Nearly 150 former prisoners, guards, Confederate officials, civilians, and medical staff testified against him at his nationally recognized trial. Consequently, he was tried and convicted for conspiracy to kill or injure prisoners in violation of the laws of war in addition to multiple counts of murder. He swung from the gallows until dead on November 10, 1865.

Edward W. Masterson (1846-1902) enlisted as a sergeant and mustered into Co. L of the 4th Ohio Cavalry on August 19, 1862, serving almost three years before mustering out at Nashville, TN on June 16, 1865. No published documentation mentions Sergeant Masterson being in close proximity to Major Wirz or the pipe offered here between May 7-20, 1865, the brief period during which Wirz was under arrest and in the custody of a Captain Henry E. Noyes, 2nd US Cavalry, Acting Assistant Inspector General, Cavalry Corps, Military Division of Mississippi (MDM). However, the 4th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry was stationed at Macon at the same time Wirz was in custody, which leads us to the conclusion that Masterson may have been part of one of Wirz's guard details and acquired the pipe while on guard duty.

Lots 102-104

Three extremely rare and historic wood pipes with identical motifs that seem to have been created by the same Union prisoner at Andersonville prison in Georgia. The three pipes were purchased by Mr. Flayderman over a very lengthy period of time, with the first one acquired in the 1950s and the last in 2001. Mr. Flayderman's research indicates that a fourth pipe carved in the same style also exists.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Overall very fine.

EST $ 8000 - 10000

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Andersonville POW Carved Folk Art Pipe Identified to Albert A. Walker, 16th Connecticut Infantry Andersonville POW Carved Folk Art Pipe Identified to Albert A. Walker, 16th Connecticut Infantry

Andersonville POW Carved Folk Art Pipe Identified to Albert A. Walker, 16th Connecticut Infantry

Lot #103 (Sale Order 102 of 1143)

Dark brown folk art carved pipe with very lovely grained wood, most likely laurel root. Both the top of the bowl (entire width of the flat top) and the top of the shank are fitted with German silver mounts. In contrast with Lots 102 and 104, this is the only example with original German silver mountings. Front of pipe features motif comprised of a large carved circular panel having a high relief large five point star at its center. The wide border surrounding that star contains the name of the party for whom the pipe was made, carved in high relief letters, Albert A. Walker, with the incised carved date at bottom of that panel 1864. Below the panel at the very bottom of the bowl and curving around to the underside is a very large, well carved American shield with stars and stripes. The right side of the pipe has a large, curved panel running from the shank to the top of the bowl with the large relief carved words, Sumter Prison. Unlike Lots 102 and 104, the right side, near the top of the bowl (above the Sumter prison description) includes another smaller relief carved five point star. The left side of this pipe features a curved large panel and the relief carved letters, Andersonville, GA, as well as a five point star that is identical to that on the right side. The pipe's empty spaces are filled with cross hatched and diagonal decorative motifs (all incised). Maximum width approx. 2.5 in.; bowl height 2.5 in., dia. 1.5 in.

This is the first of the Andersonville pipes Mr. Flayderman acquired in the late 1950s. It is also identical to the example illustrated in his book Scrimshaw and Scrimshanders: Whales and Whalemen, published in 1972.

Albert A. Walker enlisted as a private on August 24, 1862 and mustered into the 16th Connecticut Infantry, Co. F. He fought at the battle of Antietam and Fredericksburg. Eventually, he was promoted to commanding sergeant of Co. F on May 9, 1863. He was listed as a POW on March 20, 1864 at Plymouth, NC, and was most likely sent to Andersonville, remaining there until he was paroled on November 30, 1864.

Lots 102-104

Three extremely rare and historic wood pipes with identical motifs that seem to have been created by the same Union prisoner at Andersonville prison in Georgia. The three pipes were purchased by Mr. Flayderman over a very lengthy period of time, with the first one acquired in the 1950s and the last in 2001. Mr. Flayderman's research indicates that a fourth pipe carved in the same style also exists.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Inventory number painted in white along rim of shank. Short crack extending through "G" in "GA." Another crack near rim of shank. Some light surface wear, few scratches/ nicks. some light tarnish on silver.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Andersonville POW Carved Pipe Identified to J. Vandegrift, 3rd PA Artillery or 9th MN Infantry Andersonville POW Carved Pipe Identified to J. Vandegrift, 3rd PA Artillery or 9th MN Infantry

Andersonville POW Carved Pipe Identified to J. Vandegrift, 3rd PA Artillery or 9th MN Infantry

Lot #104 (Sale Order 103 of 1143)

Medium to dark brown pipe, with a very lovely grained wood, most likely laurel root. This example is the smaller of the three Andersonville pipes (Lots 102 and 103). Silver mounts fitted to the top of the shank and to the top of the bowls; especially custom fitted as can be seen from the workmanship with original hinged silver bowl cover. The front features a round panel with relief carved five point star at its center, full front with high relief carved name, J. Vandegrift / Philada. in circular motif around the star. With Sumter Prison carved in relief on right side and Andersonville, GA carved in relief on left side. The pipe has an American shield relief carved below the circular front panel. The shield design is slightly different from the shield motif used in Lot 103. While the stripes are carved in relief, the shield lacks the relief star carving, and it is slightly smaller. Like Lot 103, this pipe's empty spaces are filled with cross hatched and diagonal decorative motifs (all incised). Maximum width approx. 2.25 in.; bowl height (excluding hinged lid) 2.25 in., dia. 1.5 in.

There are two possible identifications for J. Vadegrift. The first, John P. Vandegrift, enlisted in the army as a private on March 4, 1864 and mustered into the 3rd Pennsylvania Artillery, Co. E. Under the command of Captain Hazzard, the company served with the Army of the James before Petersburg, being stationed at Bermuda Hundred, and was posted at Fort Converse, covering the pontoon bridge across the Appomattox. There is no record of Vandegrift's imprisonment, but many men in his regiment were captured and sent to Andersonville. Records state that he mustered out of the army at Fortress Monroe on November 9, 1865. The second could be John Miller Vandegrift, the father of Union soldier Thomas Hart Benton Vandegrift. John Miller Vandegrift was from Philadelphia, and Thomas was born in the city. Thomas Vandegrift was captured on June 10, 1864 and survived Andersonville. He was a corporal of Company C, 9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry.

Lots 102-104

Three extremely rare and historic wood pipes with identical motifs that seem to have been created by the same Union prisoner at Andersonville prison in Georgia. The three pipes were purchased by Mr. Flayderman over a very lengthy period of time, with the first one acquired in the 1950s and the last in 2001. Mr. Flayderman's research indicates that a fourth pipe carved in the same style also exists.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Light surface wear, including few nicks, light scratches. Some tarnish on silver mounts.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Inscribed Cane Made from Andersonville Prison Post, Presented by Col. Young to S. Dexter Inscribed Cane Made from Andersonville Prison Post, Presented by Col. Young to S. Dexter

Inscribed Cane Made from Andersonville Prison Post, Presented by Col. Young to S. Dexter

Lot #105 (Sale Order 104 of 1143)

Hard Southern pine wood, taken from the notorious Andersonville Prison in Georgia, presented in the form of a cane, 34.5 in. ln., 1.25 in. ferrule. Cane handle marked near bottom rim, R.F.C. (?) & Co./ Sterling, 2 in. ln., inscribed at top, Col or Coe? Young / to / S. Dexter, and along side, Made from a Post / of / Andersonville prison pen.

According to several databases, there are no records of an "S. Dexter," "Col. Young" or "Coe Young" that were interned at Andersonville. However, research has uncovered a 19-year-old private named Samuel M. Dexter who was wounded at Antietam while fighting with the 59th New York Infantry. It is plausible that the Confederates captured him after he was wounded, but there is no record of him serving as a prisoner of war. One plausible result for "Coe Young" is a Conrad Young who was 40 years-old when he enlisted as a private on August 5, 1863. He mustered into the 9th Ohio Cavalry, Co. G, in October of that year. The Confederates captured him and he was listed as a POW in Florence, AL on March 13, 1864. Young was sent to Andersonville prison where he ultimately died of disease on August 5, 1864, and he is still buried on prison grounds.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some wear to cane handle, few nicks and scratches throughout shaft. Flayderman's inventory tags taped to shaft have not been removed.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War POW Reunion Badges, Including Rare Andersonville Items Civil War POW Reunion Badges, Including Rare Andersonville Items

Civil War POW Reunion Badges, Including Rare Andersonville Items

Lot #106 (Sale Order 105 of 1143)

Lot of 12, including a rare ribbon from the Fourth Annual Reunion of Andersonville Survivors, April 19, 1877; a two-piece medal comprised of an eagle, knapsack, and crossed rifles pinback with a hanger featuring a dog attacking a soldier and the motto Death Before Dishonor, plus a second hanger; ribbons from the 24th (1896, St. Paul) and 32nd (1904, Boston) Annual Encampment of the National Association of Union Ex-Prisoners of War, both featuring the Death Before Dishonor motif along with Andersonville 1864; a cello button from the 27th Annual Convention (1899, Philadelphia); a ribbon and pinback-ribbon combo from the 1906 and 1909 reunions of the Western Massachusetts Union Ex-Prisoners of War, both with the Andersonville motif; a Massachusetts POW survivor's ribbon with bars from Lynchburg and Belle Isle; plus ribbons from the 1881 and 1887 reunions of the 12th New Hampshire Volunteers and a ribbon from the 1904 reunion of the 125th New York Volunteer Infantry.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Most with light soiling, minor fraying, and light folds.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Folk Art Carved Civil War Pipe With a Decorated Band Inscribed Libby Prison 1863 Folk Art Carved Civil War Pipe With a Decorated Band Inscribed Libby Prison 1863

Folk Art Carved Civil War Pipe With a Decorated Band Inscribed Libby Prison 1863

Lot #107 (Sale Order 106 of 1143)

Large, folk art carved wood pipe, medium brown in color and nicely grained, with original stem. Front bears large American shield that almost covers the full length of the bowl. Both the left and right sides feature high relief carved three leaf clovers at center. Each side also includes a triangular panel with a relief carved five point star. Underside of bowl with large relief cross (most likely a corps insignia).

Two white bone carved finger rings are affixed to the original 10 in. black stem. The extreme bottom ring features simple incised carving, Libby Prison, with 18 carved at left and 63 carved at right, thus forming the date of 1863. The finger ring immediately above it is similar in shape and includes an incised carved American shield. Above the two rings are five white bone finger rings, carved in three different styles, but all typical of work done by prisoners of war. All of the rings and the stem itself are firmly fitted into the stem and the shank of the pipe. Overall width of pipe and shank 4 in.; bowl height 2.5 in., dia. 2.125 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Inventory number inked/painted along base of shaft. Some light soiling to bone carved rings. Overall an attractive pipe.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Libby POW Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to John Oakford, 37th Pennsylvania Infantry Libby POW Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to John Oakford, 37th Pennsylvania Infantry

Libby POW Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to John Oakford, 37th Pennsylvania Infantry

Lot #108 (Sale Order 107 of 1143)

Medium sized folk art carved pipe, dark brown in color with nicely grained wood most likely laurel root. Carved in a style, typical of a soldier, but very excellent workmanship for its type. A leaf and branch design is carved in simple relief at top of bowl, around its entire perimeter. Full front of bowl relief carved with two large American flags on poles (each pointing in opposite directions, towards the sides). Each being held in the center of the pole by a human hand with the index finger only pointing upwards. Also held in that closed fist of the hand a flowing riband relief inscribed, God and our Native Land. Left side of bowl with a flowing riband vertically relief carved and with relief letters, Don't Give Up the Flag. A similar flowing, relief carved riband with relief letters, Williamsburg, on the right side, almost full length vertically on the bowl. Decorative relief carving (fluted and bowl leaf designs) filling most of the shank. Overall width of bowl and shank 3 in.; bowl height 2.5 in., dia. 1.375 in. Accompanying stem not original to the pipe.

Attached to this pipe (and always with it) is a boldface typed tag which reads: This pipe bowl was presented to M.G. Steele by Mrs. C.H. Reckfus of Perryville, Md. It was carved in Libby prison at Richmond, Va. by her father John Oakford who was a prisoner there. He was a Quaker but drove a Conestoga wagon for the Federal Army. The name “Williamsburg” which is carved on the pipe probably refers to the Battle at Williamsburg, Va. on May 5, 1862 when the Confederate Army was in retreat from Yorktown towards Richmond.

Even though he was a Quaker, John Oakford enlisted as a corporal in the 37th Pennsylvania Infantry, Co. F, on July 1, 1863. His regiment was part of a late response of threatened border states like Pennsylvania. Several regiments frantically assembled just before the battle of Gettysburg in order to protect their homes and loved ones. There is no record of Oakford's capture in his service, but that does not mean he was not taken and interned at Libby. His record does show he mustered out of service on August 4, 1863.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Small cracks/areas of loss in leaf details carved along shank (3 of the 6 relief carved leaves). Few slight nicks/cracks in pipe. Stem not original to pipe.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Libby Prison POW Carved Knife ID'd to BBG Chas. W. Tilden, 2nd ME Infy, Captured at Gettysburg Libby Prison POW Carved Knife ID'd to BBG Chas. W. Tilden, 2nd ME Infy, Captured at Gettysburg

Libby Prison POW Carved Knife ID'd to BBG Chas. W. Tilden, 2nd ME Infy, Captured at Gettysburg

Lot #109 (Sale Order 108 of 1143)

Knife stamped Wilson, Hawksworth, Ellison & Co. / Sheffield, 6 in. blade plus 3.25 in. wood handle, which has been carved Chas. W. Tilden on one side and Libby Prison / Richmond, Va. on the other.

A lifelong resident of Maine, Charles William Tilden (1832-1914) enlisted in late May of 1861 and was commissioned a first lieutenant in Co. B, 2nd Maine Infantry. He was promoted to captain within a month and made lieutenant colonel of the 16th Maine at its inception in the summer of 1862. In January of 1863, Tilden was made colonel of the 16th and commanded the regiment at Chancellorsville and then Gettysburg, where they fought north of Chambersburg Road on the first day of the battle before being given the unenviable task of covering for their comrades as they retreated toward the town. Battle reports note that they performed valiantly, allowing 16,000 Union men to escape to safer ground before being overwhelmed. As the enemy was bearing down, Colonel Tilden approved his soldiers' request to destroy the regimental flag rather than see it fall into Confederate hands, with each soldier hiding a small piece on his body. All but 38 men were killed, wounded, or captured, with Tilden himself being taken prisoner and transported to Macon and Columbia before ending up at Libby Prison in Richmond. He was one of the 100+ men who famously escaped through the tunnel dug in the "Rat Hell" section of the prison in February 1864, and he returned to service to serve through the end of the war, earning a brevet to brigadier general in the omnibus promotions of March 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Civil War Tobacco Cutter Made by Libby POW Dr. Shaffer Civil War Tobacco Cutter Made by Libby POW Dr. Shaffer

Civil War Tobacco Cutter Made by Libby POW Dr. Shaffer

Lot #110 (Sale Order 109 of 1143)

Small iron and brass tobacco cutting device mounted on its original wood box, (2 x 4 x 1 in. high). Maximum height with tobacco cutter device approx. 2.5 in. The device is iron semicircular shaped with iron cutting blade and nicely turned tiny brass handle. The wooden cover of the box (with the device mounted on it) is inletted on top and slides to open. Underside of box (which also acts as its base) is covered in blue cotton cloth. With white cotton on the inside. The cloth fitting is original to the box. Accompanied by original, very faded, but readable (under close study) three line inscription: Made by Dr. Shaffer while in Libby Prison and a [illegible] bone, which certainly would be the small (1 x 2.5 in.) Christian cross of white bone that was found in the box and has obviously always accompanied it. A second paper label ink inscribed Dr. Shaffer Libby Prison is affixed to the underside of the box's wooden cover. The box also contains what appear to be five tiny rolled tobacco miniature cigars or other type of chewing or smoking pieces that have always been with it. No further information has been obtained regarding the Civil War service record of "Dr. Shaffer."

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Box was clearly used and condition is very good considering age. Inked notes have faded, but the inscriptions are mostly legible. Some spotting, staining on box exterior.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Libby Prison Pennant, Inscribed by Corporal Charles Bowen, 29th Massachusetts Infantry Libby Prison Pennant, Inscribed by Corporal Charles Bowen, 29th Massachusetts Infantry

Libby Prison Pennant, Inscribed by Corporal Charles Bowen, 29th Massachusetts Infantry

Lot #111 (Sale Order 110 of 1143)

Cotton, machine-sewn pennant, 21 x 14.5 in., with LIBBY stenciled in black at center, bordered in red paint along four edges. Bottom edge of reverse side of pennant ink inscribed, Taken out (?) 1864 / Corp. Charles Bowen 29 Mass.

Charles Bowen worked as a carpenter before enlisting in the army as a corporal on April 19, 1861. About a month later, he mustered into the 29th Massachusetts Infantry, Co. B. The regiment fought at some of the bloodiest incursions of the war including Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. On June 15, 1862, Bowen went missing during the Peninsular Campaign and was detained for a time at Libby Prison. He was released at one point and returned to the front lines. He mustered out of the army on May 24, 1864.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Folds, toning to pennant, scattered spotting, some staining, separation along top right edge (near top point of pennant) repaired with thread (looks to have been done during the period).

EST $ 500 - 700

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Drummer Boy to Lieut. J.A. Bodamer, 21st NY Infy, ID'd Corps Badge, Cab. Card, & Libby Prison Ribbon Drummer Boy to Lieut. J.A. Bodamer, 21st NY Infy, ID'd Corps Badge, Cab. Card, & Libby Prison Ribbon

Drummer Boy to Lieut. J.A. Bodamer, 21st NY Infy, ID'd Corps Badge, Cab. Card, & Libby Prison Ribbon

Lot #112 (Sale Order 111 of 1143)

Lot of 4, including cross-shaped badge engraved J.A. Bodamer / Co. B / 21st N.Y. Vol. / Vet. V; pinback badge engraved with the 21st's notable engagements, Rappahannock Station / Sulphur Springs / Gainesville / Bull Run / Chantilly / South Mountain / Antietam / Fredericksburg; cabinet card enlargement of Bodamer posed with his drum; and Libby Prison ribbon.

Jonathan A. Bodamer had an incredibly eventful tour of service. At 21-years-old, he enlisted in the 21st New York Infantry, the "Buffalo Regiment," and mustered into Co. B as a drummer on May 20, 1861. He fought with the regiment at the Second Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg, until he mustered out of service on May 18, 1863. On January 26, 1864 he mustered into the 24th New York Cavalry, Co. M, and saw action at the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor. His regiment lost heavily at Cold Harbor and met with one of the severest losses sustained by any regiment engaged at Petersburg, having 38 killed, 156 wounded, and 3 missing, a total of 197 men. Bodamer was one of the many men captured by the enemy at Petersburg and was listed as a POW on August 21, 1864. During his imprisonment he stayed at Libby, Belle Isle, and Danville until he was paroled at James River, VA on February 22, 1865. During his time in prison, he was promoted to 1st sergeant and sergeant major. Bodamer returned to service on March 22, 1865. Over the course of two months, he earned two more promotions. On June 17, 1865 he transferred to the 1st Provisional Cavalry, Co. M; however, he was dishonorably discharged on June 21, 1865 and dismissed for neglect of duty until December 1, 1870. After his parole, Bodamer joined Sherman's Cavalry Corps and served with Custer.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some tarnishing of the inscribed silver medals, fading of the cabinet card, and soiling and fraying for the Libby prison ribbon.

EST $ 1000 - 2000

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Civil War Prisoner of War Survivor Ladder Badge of a New Hampshire Soldier Civil War Prisoner of War Survivor Ladder Badge of a New Hampshire Soldier

Civil War Prisoner of War Survivor Ladder Badge of a New Hampshire Soldier

Lot #113 (Sale Order 112 of 1143)

Seven-piece badge with a New Hampshire / Survivor Of pinback, four bars representing time spent as a POW at Libby Prison and the Confederate camps in Macon, Charleston, and Columbia, a pack, crossed rifles, and eagle insignia, and finally a soldier being attacked by a dog with the slogan Death Before Dishonor, with pale blue backing ribbon. Approx. 1.75 x 6 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 400 - 600

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Rare Confed. POW Camp Ms Newspaper from Fort Delaware, April 20, 1865, w/ Lincoln's Assassination Rare Confed. POW Camp Ms Newspaper from Fort Delaware, April 20, 1865, w/ Lincoln's Assassination

Rare Confed. POW Camp Ms Newspaper from Fort Delaware, April 20, 1865, w/ Lincoln's Assassination

Lot #114 (Sale Order 113 of 1143)

Stonewall Register, Fort Delaware, Delaware, April 20, 1865. 4 pp, 8.75 x 12 in. The top portion features an illustrated bust of Stonewall Jackson with flanked Confederate flags.

An exceptionally rare handwritten POW newspaper penned by a Confederate prisoner detained at Fort Delaware in Pea Patch Island, DE. It is one of only four known examples, possibly the only one in private hands. Three are currently held at the New York Historical Society, Georgia Historical Society, and the South Carolina Historical Society.

Featured stories in the paper include commentary on Sherman's march through North Carolina, General Lee’s surrender, mourning over the assassination of Lincoln, and the author’s dislike of Johnson, claiming he is breathing hatred to us and our cause. On the subject of Lincoln's death, he chides the perpetrator, writing that the status of prisoners has also been most lamentably altered, by the dark, terrible, and despicable assassination of the President of the United States. The enemies of the South will seek to place the ordinance(?) of this cowardly crime at the door of that brave people who for four years have fought and resisted the greatly superior numbers which Northern money has been able to collect against…the noble ranks which sought to protect Southern liberty.

Like a traditional paper, it also includes commentary on the “market.” Instead of stocks and bonds, it measures the price of important commodities--tobacco and bread. A portion of the paper reads:

No change in prices, either in provisions or tobacco, since our last edition. The quantity of tobacco still on hand is large, and no increase in prices is likely to take place for some months...Since the fall of Richmond and the surrender of Gen. Lee there has been no sales in Confederate money--more is offered to the holders(?) preferring not to part with it for the small sum offered by those in quest of small bills for autograph purposes...the frequent issue of "hard tack," and a consequent high demand for bread upon the Sutler(?), which is sold at 10 cts for a loaf not large enough to appease the hunger of our person. Everything is up to a starving figure and we are forced to purchase or go hungry....

The last iteration concerns the Stonewall Chess Club, its matches, and members.

The paper appears to be either one of two papers produced at the camp or the same paper that underwent a title change. The earliest edition of the Stonewall Times is at the Georgia Historical Society and was circulated on April 1, 1865. There are no indications of the names of the publisher, editor, or author, but it maintains the same style as the edition offered in the lot with fewer “advertisements” than the other paper, Prison Times. J.W. Hibbs, Captain of the 13th Virginia Infantry, acted as publisher of Prison Times. Its proprietors and editors were Captain George S. Thomas, 6th Georgia Division 24, Captain and A.C.S. W.H. Bennett, Division 24, and Lieutenant A. Harris, 3rd Florida Division 28. The creators of the newspapers either renamed the Stonewall Times, Prison Times by April 8th or it was a competing newspaper in the camp. After comparing the papers, it appears the Stonewall Register at the Georgia Historical Society is in the same hand as the example offered here; however, the Prison Times at the New York Historical Society appears to be in a different hand.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some damage to the upper portion of the newspaper with some toning, folds, and tape on the folds. Some minor tears on the bottom portion.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Confederate, Johnson's Island POW Folk Art Carved Cane Presented to Union General W.S. Pierson Confederate, Johnson's Island POW Folk Art Carved Cane Presented to Union General W.S. Pierson

Confederate, Johnson's Island POW Folk Art Carved Cane Presented to Union General W.S. Pierson

Lot #115 (Sale Order 114 of 1143)

Wooden, folk art carved cane, medium to dark brown in color, with red and black paint, 39 in. ln., no ferrule. Approx. 5.25 in. below the handle, the cane features a section comprised of eight sides, ink inscribed on three of the sides, Johnson's Island / Ohio near (?) / Near (?) Sandusky City. Remainder of shaft with relief carved spiraling snakes and lizards, decorated with red and black paint. Accompanied by handwritten tag that reads, Carved by Confederate prisoner at Johnson's Island during Civil War. Presented to General William Seward Pierson, USA, in charge of prison at that time. An additional typed tag accompanies the hand-written one and misspells Pierson's last name as Perigo.

Pierson, originally a Connecticut native, emigrated to the Firelands of northern Ohio, and at the outbreak of hostilities enlisted as a major in Hoffman's Battalion of the 128th Ohio Volunteers. His rise in the 128th was rapid; he was commissioned colonel, and charged with organizing and overseeing construction of Johnson's Island prison camp located in Sandusky Bay of Lake Erie, just offshore from present-day Toledo, OH. Built on a 300-acre island, the camp was initially built to hold 1000 men; by war's end its population had swelled to more than 3000, including seven Confederate generals. He instituted many harsh policies at the prison, and, like many prison wardens, gained a reputation as a cruel man. The Union removed him of his post in 1864, but offered him a commission as lieutenant colonel of the 128th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He remained with the 128th until he resigned on July 25, 1864.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Paint appears to be original. Some surface abrasions to relief carved snakes and lizards on shaft, including areas of loss to paint and wood surface. Some wear near bottom of cane. Some small splotches of what appears to be white paint scattered throughout.

EST $ 700 - 1000

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Confed. POW Cotton Stone Folk Art Pipe Carved at Alton Prison, IL, by CSA Pvt. W.H. Willis Confed. POW Cotton Stone Folk Art Pipe Carved at Alton Prison, IL, by CSA Pvt. W.H. Willis

Confed. POW Cotton Stone Folk Art Pipe Carved at Alton Prison, IL, by CSA Pvt. W.H. Willis

Lot #116 (Sale Order 115 of 1143)

Confederate cotton stone, folk art pipe carved by identified Alton, IL POW. The pipe's distinctive material and style of carving is similar to other examples made by prisoners serving time at Alton as well as Gratiot Street Prison in St. Louis, MO, although the shape of this pipe is slightly different than other examples we have encountered.

The full length of the left side is incised carved with a large flying Confederate "stars and bars" flag on flagpole (the top of that flagpole protruding above the flag). The flagpole is topped with a decidedly unusual, tiny motif that may possibly be an oddly designed head of an eagle, although this cannot be confirmed. Three lines of text are very neatly incised carved in upper and lowercase letters along the full length of the side, State Rights. / Made by W.H. Willis / A prisoner of war. Right side, full length of the pipe carved (on bowl area) with a large palmetto tree and long, three coiled striking snake at its base (all incised carving) with two lines below the trunk in upper and lowercase script-like lettering, Don’t Tread on Me. Full length of shank and small part of the bowl carved in two lines using similar, fancy incised lettering, Captured at Milford, Mo. / December 19, 1861. The top side of that same shank carved in similar upper and lowercase script-like incised lettering, Alton, Ill. / March, 1, 62. Full front of bowl incised carved with large, well made "stars and bars" Confederate shield, with small riband crosswise on its front lower half inscribed, CSA. With two small crossed Confederate flags on poles above the shield. On the underside of the shank and extreme bottom of the shank (where it turns upward on front), the following large, fancy upper and lowercase lines state, Made of a stone taken from the / old (?) McDowell’s College. Dec. 24, 61. Maximum width 2.75 in.; square shaped bowl height 1.625 in., approx. 1.25 in. on each side.

Carving was an important part of survival at Alton and Gratiot and resulted in the development of many skilled carvers within the prisons. Confederate soldier William H. Willis of Saline County, MO was held at Alton prison (Illinois) in the spring of 1862. He carved stone pipes with impressive designs. Even though he left Alton in 1862, the carving culture he helped begin lasted at the prison until 1865. According to Lea Catherine Lane, this particular pipe "adopted earlier Revolutionary symbols to evoke the parallels with individual rights and rebellion. A massive protest in Savannah, Georgia included a banner with a coiled rattlesnake and the Revolutionary War motto 'don’t tread on me'" (“A Marvel of Taste and Skill": Carved Pipes of the American Civil War, 2015, p. 79). This is the only known example of Willis' work; therefore, it is difficult to determine the impact he had on carving culture at the prison. Undoubtedly, he was one of its best.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some chips in pipe, including near base of bowl, as well as corners and edges. One chip in text, on "b" in "Made by." Wear inside bowl indicates this was used. Few scratches on surface.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Confed. POW Cotton Stone Folk Art Pipe Carved by Q.A. Pearson, Robertson's Regiment, MO State Guard Confed. POW Cotton Stone Folk Art Pipe Carved by Q.A. Pearson, Robertson's Regiment, MO State Guard

Confed. POW Cotton Stone Folk Art Pipe Carved by Q.A. Pearson, Robertson's Regiment, MO State Guard

Lot #117 (Sale Order 116 of 1143)

Confederate cotton stone, folk art pipe carved by identified POW. Based on the material used and style of carving, this was likely done by a soldier that served time at Gratiot Street Prison in St. Louis, MO.

Left side carved in slight relief with a very large Confederate "stars and bars" flying flag on a pole, with a riband below, carved in slight relief and inscribed State Rights. Just behind that is the curved shank, which is inscribed very neatly in upper and lowercase letters (incised) in two lines, almost filling the length of the shank, Made, Mch. 1st, 1862 / of Cotton Rock from Missouri. The right side of the bowl features a slightly relief carved, but very nicely semi-professionally executed large standing palmetto tree with a large double coiled snake in profile, its head upraised and pointed towards the trunk. On the right side of the tree and on the left side are two standing bales of cotton. Inscribed the full length of the right side of the shank in a similar upper/lowercase incised engraving (as on the left side), Designed and made by / Q.A. Pearson, prisoner of war. The reverse/or back side of the shank carved in very large letters (incised) in two lines, Lt. G. Wm. Hill / USA. The full front of the square bowl very elegantly carved in slight high relief and quite beautifully executed circular panel with a "stars and bars" shield in the center, with the round border surrounding it inscribed neatly in block letters, all capital letters (incised), Confederate States Of America. A large Confederate flag on an angular flagpole extends from each side of the circular panel, and a sunburst-like motif and cluster of stars is positioned between the two flags. Below the panel and the flags, a larger riband with very large incised capital letters, Jeff Davis. The underside of the bowl features a high relief carved five pointed leaf like design (palmetto leaves or palm leaves) in a sunburst/spread design with each of the seven leaves incised carved with an abbreviation of the first seven Confederate states to secede from the Union and form the Confederacy. Maximum width approx. 2.25 in.; square shaped bowl maximum height 1.5 in., dia. 1 in.

Quincy A. Pearson was born in New York but moved to Missouri by 1860. He enlisted with the Robertson's Regiment in the Missouri State Guard, Co. 3, the same regiment as fellow carver William H. Willis. Union troops captured them at Milford on February 19, 1861 and sent them to Gratiot. In early 1862, they transferred them to Alton Prison. Willis and Pearson crafted marvelous stone pipes with impressive designs and most likely worked with each other. Although Pearson's stay at Alton was relatively brief, his work left an indelible mark on smoking culture and carving tradition at Alton and Gratiot. In March of 1862, The Daily Standard, a Syracuse, New York, newspaper, included the following brief article about the pipe in the lot:

“Mr. Alfred Wilkinson, who has recently returned from a southwestern tour, as far as St. Louis, has in his possession a pipe made by one of the rebel prisoners at Alton, Illinois, which is a rare specimen of ingenuity and skill, as well as persevering industry. The material of the pipe is cotton stone, a soft stone found in the south, easily worked, and susceptible of a fine polish. The bowl of the pipe is square, and is beautifully carved. One of the sides presents the new rebel flag, and the other the Palmetto tree, with the cotton plant and rattle snake, appropriate emblems of the rebellion. The front bears the coat-of-arms of Missouri, with the usual scrolls and mottoes. It is understood that the work was executed with a pen-knife, by a young man who had no experience in carving, and regarding it in that light the work is a marvel of taste and skill” (Lea Catherine Lane, “A Marvel of Taste and Skill": Carved Pipes of the American Civil War, 2015).

There are only a handful of known examples of Pearson's work, and this is the most well documented example.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Few chips in pipe, especially near rims and corners. Some surface scratches, spotting. Wear inside bowl indicates that this was used.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Gray Stone Pipe, Fort Robinett, Corinth, October 1862 Civil War Folk Art Carved Gray Stone Pipe, Fort Robinett, Corinth, October 1862

Civil War Folk Art Carved Gray Stone Pipe, Fort Robinett, Corinth, October 1862

Lot #118 (Sale Order 117 of 1143)

Very large gray stone, folk art pipe, possibly cotton rock. The thick top of the bowl incised engraved in capital, large block letters, FORT ROBINETTE [sic]. With CORINTH carved in large block letters in very high relief, very neatly on the front of the bowl and partially around the sides. A small relief shield is carved just below that, as well as the incised date (upper and lowercase), Oct. 4. / 1862. With the exception of the relief carved shield and name of the battle, the bowl's background is comprised of a stippled or rough-like overall design simulating a sand-like motif. The shank and underside of the bowl with smooth, very high relief carved palm leaf design. Maximum overall width approx. 3.5 in.; bowl height 2.5 in. (round bowl), dia. (outside with the thick wall) 1.875 in.

On the morning of October 4, 1862, Confederate Major General Earl Van Dorn called for a series of headlong frontal attacks against the enemy's heavily fortified position. Colonel William P. Rogers' divisional commander, General Dabney H. Maury, who later described the 2nd Texas Infantry as "one of the finest regiments I have ever seen," ordered Rogers to lead the vanguard of the assault on Battery Robinett, a small fort anchoring the center of the Union line. After one bloody repulse, Rogers led a second desperate charge. Remaining on horseback in the face of a barrage of cannon and musket fire, and finally carrying the regimental colors himself, Rogers reached the deep trench fronting Battery Robinett, dismounted, and led several hundred Texans and Alabamians down into the trench, up the steep embankment, and into the fort. Suddenly federal reinforcements closed in from both flanks. Rogers shouted, "Men, save yourselves or sell your lives as dearly as possible." A few seconds later he was struck by multiple rifle shots, killing him instantly. Scores of others fell with him, and the battle soon ended. The 2nd Texas Infantry had lost more than half its numbers in casualties. The failure of Rogers' attack sealed Van Dorn's defeat at Corinth and insured a powerful federal thrust toward Vicksburg the following year. In a remarkable tribute to Rogers' personal bravery, Union General Rosecrans ordered his burial attended with full military honors, a ceremony normally reserved only for Confederate general officers.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Inventory number painted/inked along rim of shank. Few small chips, including some along rim of bowl and shank. Some light soiling/slight discoloration.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Unique Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe, Fort Robinett, Corinth, Mississippi, October 1862 Unique Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe, Fort Robinett, Corinth, Mississippi, October 1862

Unique Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe, Fort Robinett, Corinth, Mississippi, October 1862

Lot #119 (Sale Order 118 of 1143)

Very unusual carved pipe, possibly stone, although material cannot be confirmed, with applied gray finish. The pipe seems to have been professionally made or cast (conceivably carved) with overall relief floral or smooth leaf / petal design. The top of the bowl features incised carved, semi-professional lettering, Fort Robbinet [sic] / Corinth / Miss. With similar incised carving on the top of the shank, on left side, Oct. 4, 1862. Overall width approx. 2.5 in.; bowl height 2.25 in., dia. at its narrowed (tapered) top 1.25 in.

On the morning of October 4, 1862, Confederate Major General Earl Van Dorn called for a series of headlong frontal attacks against the enemy's heavily fortified position. Colonel William P. Rogers' divisional commander, General Dabney H. Maury, who later described the 2nd Texas Infantry as "one of the finest regiments I have ever seen," ordered Rogers to lead the vanguard of the assault on Battery Robinett, a small fort anchoring the center of the Union line. After one bloody repulse, Rogers led a second desperate charge. Remaining on horseback in the face of a barrage of cannon and musket fire, and finally carrying the regimental colors himself, Rogers reached the deep trench fronting Battery Robinett, dismounted, and led several hundred Texans and Alabamians down into the trench, up the steep embankment, and into the fort. Suddenly federal reinforcements closed in from both flanks. Rogers shouted, "Men, save yourselves or sell your lives as dearly as possible." A few seconds later he was struck by multiple rifle shots, killing him instantly. Scores of others fell with him, and the battle soon ended. The 2nd Texas Infantry had lost more than half its numbers in casualties. The failure of Rogers' attack sealed Van Dorn's defeat at Corinth and insured a powerful federal thrust toward Vicksburg the following year. In a remarkable tribute to Rogers' personal bravery, Union General Rosecrans ordered his burial attended with full military honors, a ceremony normally reserved only for Confederate general officers.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Few small chips in pipe, slight loss to gray finish in higher relief areas.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Massive Confederate Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Private Daniel N. Ball, 4th NC Infantry Massive Confederate Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Private Daniel N. Ball, 4th NC Infantry

Massive Confederate Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Private Daniel N. Ball, 4th NC Infantry

Lot #120 (Sale Order 119 of 1143)

Extremely large folk art pipe, most likely carved from an unidentified fruit wood, very nicely done in a style typical of a soldier from the Civil War period. Each side of pipe carved with a small standing figure of a Confederate officer wearing sword, holding upright on a pole a very large flying Confederate “stars and bars flag” completely and easily distinguished as that CSA flag (all incised carving). Front of pipe carved (almost its full height) with three very small figures of Confederate soldiers standing at attention, each holding a musket with bayonet affixed. With three large incised carved lines above, Bull Run / July 21. 1861 / By D. N. Ball. Co. H. 4. Each side of the matching thick, but octagon shaped projection that holds the stem is carved with decorative designs of a large heart with large curved letters or designs, and crudely carved, large initials RMB at front top. The upper section (the rim) of the bowl and the rim of that octagon shaped projection for stem feature deeply fluted carved border with simple wavy incised line decoration inside. The top of the bowl and the matching top of that stem projection include very fancy, deep fluted carving with some relief carving on the outer edges, giving it a nice appearance with simple incised wavy line designs carved between the flutes (extreme bottom of the bowl with a round decorative cross hatched incised design). Maximum width 7 in.; bowl maximum height 5 in., maximum dia. at top of bowl 2.75 in.

Daniel N. Ball enlisted as a private on June 13, 1861. That same day, he mustered into the 4th North Carolina Infantry, Co. H. He fought at Williamsburg and Seven Pines. A year after his enlistment, he was wounded at Gaines' Mill on June 27, 1862 and discharged for disability on August 18, 1862.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some cracks in pipe, including one extending from rim to the right of CSA flag, another crack extending from rim of octagon shaped projection through first initial "R" in "RMB." Another smaller crack to the left of the soldier holding the CSA flag. Some scattered spots on wood. Overall very fine.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Confederate Folk Art Carved Pipe Belonging to J.W. McCollum, 10th South Carolina Cavalry Confederate Folk Art Carved Pipe Belonging to J.W. McCollum, 10th South Carolina Cavalry

Confederate Folk Art Carved Pipe Belonging to J.W. McCollum, 10th South Carolina Cavalry

Lot #121 (Sale Order 120 of 1143)

Large, silver mounted folk art pipe, carved down by a soldier from a commercially produced meerschaum pipe. With very high relief carved lettering filling the full front, top to bottom, J.W. McCollum / Co. B, above large palmetto tree with huge letter on either side, S and C, and 10th Cav. (below the base of the palmetto tree). The hinged and fluted dome shaped cover at top of bowl is silver and professionally made, even with the bottom of the hinge being fancy pierced motifs. Matching all silver (not silver mounted) affixed to lower stem section. Overall width, including the silver mounted cover of the stem section, 4 in.; bowl overall height, with its hinged silver mounted cover, 5.5 in., dia. 1.875 in.

J.W. McCollum enlisted as a private on September 1, 1862, and mustered into Co. B of the 10th South Carolina Battalion Cavalry on the same day. No further information is available regarding McCollum's time with the 10th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry, also called the South Carolina Volunteers, which was initially organized in January 1862 as the 3rd Battalion SC Cavalry but was mustered in as the 2nd Battalion SC Cavalry. In September 1862, the designation was changed to the 10th Battalion SC Cavalry. By December 16, 1862, the battalion was consolidated with the 12th Battalion SC Cavalry and two independent companies, forming the 4th Regiment SC Cavalry. Many of the men enlisting with Co. B, also known as the Calhoun Troop and Captain Cary's Company, came from the Anderson and Pickens Districts and Pendleton area of the state.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Overall very fine, some surface wear, few nicks, small holes, with some light soiling built up within little holes/cracks of wood. Some tarnishing to silver.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Exceptional, Elaborately Carved Civil War Folk Art Pipe Identifying Significant Generals & Battles Exceptional, Elaborately Carved Civil War Folk Art Pipe Identifying Significant Generals & Battles

Exceptional, Elaborately Carved Civil War Folk Art Pipe Identifying Significant Generals & Battles

Lot #122 (Sale Order 121 of 1143)

Folk art pipe carved from a single piece of dark wood. The bowl section very elaborately carved on the front with a high relief open work oval wreath surrounding a very high relief, small eagle, wings downward. A twisted riband is carved along the wreath, and with each twist where it rounds the front of the wreath, the riband bears a different carving of a US Army Corps insignia. The eagle stands on a small, flat platform-like structure (all integral with the carving), with the front edge of it carved in the shape of a chain that has broken at its center, representing the split between the north and south. Around the top of the bowl is a very narrow etching of German silver (or brass). At the top of the bowl, on its left side, the name Kearney is relief carved, and the name Lyons / US is relief carved on the right side.

Both the left and right side of the bowl have a large oval relief carved panel with a silver plated brass (possibly silver) plaque beautifully inscribed in highly professional engraving. The names of Civil War generals are relief carved on the oval panel “frame-like” carvings. The names of Sickles / Mead / Hooker / Gilmore are carved on the left side. Below that oval panel carving with plaque is a small, high relief figure of a soldier. The oval silver plaque at center is engraved with the names of ten very well known Civil War battles including Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, Gains Mill, White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Cedar Mountain, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg.

The bowl's right side also features a relief, oval carved plaque bearing the relief carved names of Burnside / Rosecrans / Grant / Banks. Below that panel, at the bottom of the bowl, a very small relief carved depiction of a Civil War artillery man stands by a cannon and carriage. The oval silver plaque at center is engraved with additional Civil War battles including Island No. 10, Fort Donelson, Vicksburg, Port Hudson, Stone River, Lookout Mt., Knoxville, Chattanooga.

The large tapered stem made integral with the bowl has decorative relief carving at its bottom appearing as if snakes are wrapped around it. The large, high relief ring (integral) carved at center bears names of three Civil War generals (also relief carved), Stoneman / Grierson / Buford. Just above that relief ring is a flat small panel with incised carving, which appears to be the name Corcoran (although this is difficult to verify). Upper section of the integral stem above that ring also very elaborately carved on all sides, with an integral small, standing eagle in high relief. The eagle's beak rests on very large, fully relief carved open work letters, Union. Its left side includes the very high relief carved name, McClellan, and on its right side, the name Sumner is carved in very high relief. Reverse side of the stem in that same section opposite where the eagle is fitted on the front side, is a full standing figure of a Civil War soldier in very high relief, carrying a rifle in his left arm. Behind the soldier is a very high relief carved American flag, with Our Flag incised carved at the foot of the soldier. The upper part of stem carved in high relief with leaf and branch and slight floral motifs.

The very bottom of the bowl, which looks flat from the side view, is actually another integral carved shield shaped panel, all etched in German silver with its upper section (facing downward) featuring a high relief carved (integral) “Monitor” type Naval vessel with a round turret at its center and the rough design in the far distant background representing two fortresses and a harbor. The lower section below the carved naval vessel includes a silver plated plaque beautifully engraved in a highly professional manner, Butler, Farragut, over a fancy script inscription in three lines, Sumter, New Orleans, / Hampton Roads / Roanoke Island. The hinged cover above the bowl is wooden with four small round piercings at its center. It is edged in silver plated / finished German silver or brass, with a very large silver (silver plated) horseshoe inset on the top of the lid. The reverse side of that cover with the hinge (also silver) is affixed to a very fancy shaped triangular matching silver plaque (acting as the base of the hinge), engraved in script and bold black letters, Pea Ridge, over bold black letters Sigel.

Overall length, including small 2 in. mouthpiece, 10 in.; pipe bowl section (in front) approx. 4 in. high, dia. 1.75 in.

The most elaborate Civil War carved pipe in Mr. Flayderman's collection!

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Loss to one of the carved eagle's wings. Some tarnish on silver panels. Overall an impressive pipe.

EST $ 5000 - 7000

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Union Navy Meerschaum Pipe Union Navy Meerschaum Pipe

Union Navy Meerschaum Pipe

Lot #123 (Sale Order 122 of 1143)

Civil War period, professionally made and commercially purchased meerschaum pipe with very high relief, fine quality detailed American eagle (wings downward) clutching a large naval anchor in its claws. The eagle is surrounded entirely with a design of small relief five point stars. Original silver mounted stem intact. At the point where stem fits into pipe, the original markings of the maker are stamped in small letters, Pollak & Son, of New York. Top of bowl with very fancy silver hinged lid. Overall height including stem 7 in., without stem approx. 3.25 in., maximum width (without stem) approx. 3.75 in.; bowl dia. (at top) 1.5 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: 2.5 in. pipe that extends from the top of the bowl (one left side) toward base of bowl. Additional, shorter crack that extends from top of bowl toward shank. A smaller crack that extends from top of shank toward bowl. Some soiling on pipe. Tarnish on silver details. An inventory number is inked/painted along base.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe, The Union and Constitution Must & Shall be Preserved Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe, The Union and Constitution Must & Shall be Preserved

Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe, The Union and Constitution Must & Shall be Preserved

Lot #124 (Sale Order 123 of 1143)

Massive, soldier carved folk art pipe, wood medium to dark brown in color and nicely grained, likely laurel root. The patriotic statement, The Union & The Constitution Must & Shall Be Preserv’d, is carved in very large, very high relief letters, starting on the full length of the shank, curving upward to top of bowl then across the entire top of the bowl, curving downward on the side of the bowl and then curving upward again on the left side of the shank. Front center of bowl (just below word Constitution) with a large relief heart over a very large relief five point star. The center of that heart has an incised carved rectangular panel, in the middle of which are the relief numerals/date 1864. Left side of bowl relief carved with a percussion musket (over carbine) over a percussion revolver with hammer at full cock. Right side with relief carved cross cannon. Large relief letters, To My Country, are carved on the full length underside of shank, curving upward and ending just below the star of the bowl. At either side of the three end letters in Country are the large letters (evidently the initials of the owner and carver) M and B. Overall width of bowl and shank 6 in.; bowl height 3.5 in., dia. 2.75 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Few nicks, surface scratches. Some light soiling within carved lettering. Overall very fine condition considering age and use.

EST $ 2000 - 4000

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Exceptionally Carved Large Civil War Folk Art Pipe Exceptionally Carved Large Civil War Folk Art Pipe

Exceptionally Carved Large Civil War Folk Art Pipe

Lot #125 (Sale Order 124 of 1143)

Large, folk art carved, dark wood pipe, likely laurel root, highly professional in appearance. Edge of bowl and edge of back section (where stem fits), very high relief carved with delicate border comprised of triangular shaped small motifs and edged below that with high relief design simulating curtain drapes and tassels. Front and sides with very high relief, fine quality fancy American flag on pole at each side with sharply curved stripes. Center between the flags with high relief, very beautifully and delicately carved American eagle with wings pointing downward, with US shield on the eagle's breast and a larger US shield held in its claws below. A very large relief carved wooden cross with original red painted finish is carved in high relief beside each of the eagle's wings. Extreme bottom and complete under section of reverse with curved deep fluted motifs. There are several portions filled with wax. Based on the makers use of the color red and the greek cross, it is a strong possibility that it was either made for or by a member of the 6th Corps in the 1st Division. Maximum overall width 3.25 in.; bowl height 3 in., dia. 2 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Crack in flag to the left of Eagle, near bottom edge of curved stripes. Some light chips in relief carved details. Very good overall considering age and use.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Union Forever Presentation Folk Art Civil War Pipe with Eagle Union Forever Presentation Folk Art Civil War Pipe with Eagle

Union Forever Presentation Folk Art Civil War Pipe with Eagle

Lot #126 (Sale Order 125 of 1143)

Large, folk art carved dark wood pipe. Fine quality carving. Front of bowl features a large, very high relief carved open wing American eagle holding flowing riband in beak with relief carving, F.A.H. TO C.A.L.S. (possibly G.A.L.S.). Large carved American flag protruding from under each of the eagle’s wings. Eagle clutching crossed arrows in its talons. With UNION / FOR / EVER relief carved in larger letters below eagle’s claws. Underside of pipe carved with very large, fluted motif representing the five fingers of a human hand holding up the bowl. Overall height 3 in.; overall width 3.5 in.; dia. outside bowl 1.75 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Inventory number inked/painted on bowl (opposite side of carved eagle). Few nicks, chips in pipe, one little area of loss below "R" in "Ever" (may be original to the pipe).

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Finely Carved Civil War Folk Art Bull Run Pipe Finely Carved Civil War Folk Art Bull Run Pipe

Finely Carved Civil War Folk Art Bull Run Pipe

Lot #127 (Sale Order 126 of 1143)

Exceptional, nicely grained dark wood, folk art pipe, most likely carved from laurel root. Superbly and entirely relief carved wood showing professional quality. Front featuring large panel comprised of an extremely high relief carving of a face that appears to be a young lady wearing a wreath across the top of the forehead (could conceivably be a gentleman), the panel fully edged in fancy relief carved fluted and floral-like motifs. Circular large relief panels on the left and right side edged in a rope-like relief motif. Although similar in design, the figures of the animal heads at the center of each panel are different. Left side appears to be a dog head with long snout and long ears folded downward. Animal head on right side appears to be that of a wolf or possibly a puma, with its small pointed ears sticking straight upward. The entire rim along the top as well as the edging on the bottom are carved in high relief with a multi-style flute design. The underside also includes carved large leaf motifs as well as beautifully relief carved, brown beaded-like motifs that border the large relief carved letters, Bull Run, which partially surround a trefoil Corps badge. The small projection that holds the stem is edged with pewter and shows distinctive fancy work, with a small section of that pewter that is also distinctively shaped; two smaller, round pewter inlays at either side. Maximum width 3.25 in.; bowl height 2.75 in., dia. 1.5 in.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Small crack in pipe that extends from face on front panel in the direction of the dog's left ear, although this crack looks to be original to the carving, or something that happened during the period it was made. Inventory number inked on pewter rim of small projection that holds stem. Overall very nice, attractive pipe.

EST $ 1500 - 3000

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Massachusetts 13th Regiment, Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe Massachusetts 13th Regiment, Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe

Massachusetts 13th Regiment, Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe

Lot #128 (Sale Order 127 of 1143)

Folk art carved laurel root pipe, wood medium to dark in color. Octagon shape with silver top and silver base/ mounting for stem. Seven vertical panels (only reverse side does not have a panel and is where the shank is carved and covers). All panels are vertical carved. Front facing panel with a figure of a soldier with upraised arm holding sword pointed upwards. He appears to hold a very crude handgun in his other hand. Panel on left side by the shank with incised carving, Made By, and with completion of the sentence on the panel on right side of shank, A Soldier. Two panels on left side bear a fouled anchor in relief with incised date, 1862, above it, the other panel (immediately to the left of the soldier with sword) bears a five point star in relief over a relief American shield with a cross banner on the shield's face incised carved, War. Two panels on the right side bear a Masonic symbol of a chart compass with an upward pointing carpenter's square in relief above which the incised month abbreviated, Aug., with the forward panel (to the right of the soldier baring sword) having a five point star also over an American shield with a cross banner in center inscribed in script, Mass. Underside of bowl has two separate banners and each incised carved, the first reads, Of the 13th, with the banner on the opposite side, Reg't. M.V. (Of the 13th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers). Underside of bowl and shank with fancy relief carving comprised of very delicate wavy branch with petal leaves. The silver top piece has matching hinged, fancy engraved silver lid and obviously a professional quality engraving of an American eagle, wings upraised, pointing backwards, standing on an American shield with a sunburst-like background and fancy engraved border. Overall width 2.5 in.; octagon-shaped bowl, height 2 in., dia. 1.625 in. While we strongly suspect that this pipe was made by a soldier, the silver mounts and inscription were likely added by a professional jeweler.

The 13th Massachusetts was a celebrated Army of the Potomac regiment that fought in many decisive battles with the 1st and 5th Corps from the Valley to Petersburg, including Gettysburg.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Small area of loss near top of panel inscribed, Aug., near rim of bowl. Tarnish to silver top and mount.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Large Folk Art Carved Fredericksburg Pipe Identified to C.F. Morse, 13th Massachusetts Infantry Large Folk Art Carved Fredericksburg Pipe Identified to C.F. Morse, 13th Massachusetts Infantry

Large Folk Art Carved Fredericksburg Pipe Identified to C.F. Morse, 13th Massachusetts Infantry

Lot #129 (Sale Order 128 of 1143)

Large soldier carved Civil War folk art laurel root pipe, medium brown in color with nicely grained wood, with silver mountings and hinged silver lid on pipe bowl. Although the pipe may possibly have been commercially purchased, the carving style is distinctly quaint. Decorative, long leaf or branch-like carving encircling most of the top of the bowl with large relief lettering in two lines (semi-circular) at upper front of bowl Fredericksburg / VA., and just below that in a small wreath (relief carved) panel similar carved large date, Dec. 13th / 1862. Right side of bowl with relief carved, large fouled anchor interwoven with a scroll/leaf-like motif with left side of bowl in that same respective spot and large relief Christian cross (or corps insignia?) interwoven with relief leaf-like motif. Underside of bowl includes large oval panel with five deep carved full fluted motifs, while the lower section of the shank sides and underside decoratively carved with fluted leaf and branch and leaf relief motifs. Both the top of the shank and the entire top of the bowl are fancifully mounted in silver, with the original hinged lid of the bowl professionally inscribed in old English with name of the soldier who undoubtedly owned this pipe, C. F. Morse, and a small design of an open steel compass (the instrument for drawing or describing circles or measuring distances with two movable, rigid legs hinged in center). Over an upward pointing carpenter's square with a large capital letter G in its center. Maximum width of bowl and shank approx. 5 in.; bowl maximum height (not counting the hinged lid) 4.75 in., dia. 2.25 in. Quite heavy weight overall.

C.F. Morse is most likely Charles F. Morse, who was a 28-year-old trader before he enlisted in the army as a 2nd lieutenant on July 16, 1861. He was commissioned into the 13th Massachusetts Infantry and fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, 1862. He earned a promotion to 1st lieutenant on July 23, 1862, and was discharged for another promotion to captain in the US Volunteers Commissary Department on September 4, 1862. Morse remained with the Commissary Department until he resigned on May 10, 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Few cracks, including a couple cracks underside of bowl. Some surface wear, a result of being well-used. Few scattered spots. Tarnish on silver mountings and lid.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Thomas Morris, Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862 Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Thomas Morris, Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862

Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Thomas Morris, Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862

Lot #130 (Sale Order 129 of 1143)

Fine, folk art carved, dark wood pipe. The front of bowl relief carved, Fredericks. / Burg. / V.A. Dec. 13 / 1862, with leaves and branches below, which extend to the base of the bowl toward the shank. Bowl's reverse side relief carved, Thomas + Morris. With inlaid bone hearts positioned near the rim of the bowl, on the right and left sides. With a wide brass band encircling the edge of the shank, into which the stem would fit. Accompanied by stem, although we cannot confirm if it is original to the pipe. Overall width of bowl and shank approx. 4 in., including stem 11 in.; bowl height 3 in., dia. 2.125 in.

The Battle of Fredericksburg, VA was fought from December 11-15, 1862, and concluded with a Confederate victory and heavy casualties suffered on the Union side. No further information has been uncovered regarding Thomas Morris and his Civil War service record, but he almost certainly participated in what is considered one of the most one-sided battles of the war.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some light dirt/soiling built up along perimeter of each inlaid heart, light surface wear. Inventory number inked on band at end of shank. An attractive pipe.

EST $ 2000 - 4000

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe from  Fort Cass, Va., 1862 Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe from  Fort Cass, Va., 1862

Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe from Fort Cass, Va., 1862

Lot #131 (Sale Order 130 of 1143)

Large folk art carved pipe, wood medium in color and nicely grained. Front of bowl features large relief carved American Eagle clutching arrows in its talons, perched atop a patriotic shield. Left side with three relief carved crossed rifles with bayonets, right side with No 1 carved in script atop a cannon and cannonballs. Thick .75 in. rim of bowl carved with the following, Fort Cass. Va 1862. Overall width approx. 4.5 in.; bowl height 3.25 in., dia. 2.5 in., including rim.

After the Confederates successfully captured Fort Sumter, the Union determined it needed to do more to defend its capital. In a large effort to protect Washington, DC, the army formed 33 forts as part of the Arlington Line. Part of that line was Fort Cass. Originally named Fort Ramsay, the 9th Massachusetts Infantry constructed the lunette fortification on a portion of the 1100 acre Lee-Custis estate. The regiment changed the fort’s name to Fort Cass after their leader, Colonel Thomas Cass, perished in battle in 1862. Its primary objective was to defend the approaches to the Aqueduct Bridge. There are no visible remains of the fort today, but a historical marker notes where it once stood.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Inventory number painted along rim of shank. Some light surface wear to pipe, few small chips in wood that may be original to the wood or done during the period when it was created. Overall, an attractive pipe.

EST $ 1500 - 3000

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Folk Art Carved Burlwood Pipe Identified to Civil War POW W.M. Curtis, 19th MA Volunteers Folk Art Carved Burlwood Pipe Identified to Civil War POW W.M. Curtis, 19th MA Volunteers

Folk Art Carved Burlwood Pipe Identified to Civil War POW W.M. Curtis, 19th MA Volunteers

Lot #132 (Sale Order 131 of 1143)

Medium, folk art carved burlwood pipe, light brown in color and nicely grained. Tapered octagon shape bowl with front panel bearing two cross cannon and two triangular stacks of cannonballs / over five point star / over shield (all three motifs in relief). Deeply and neatly carved on the shield 19th Mass Vols. Over large panel on front right, at the point where it curves to the base, the pipe is carved, Fair Oaks. Left side's three octagon panels and matching three on right side carved with commemorative battle Antietam (on right side) and Fought Sep. 17th (on left side). Those same three panels on each side carved with battles on right side, York / Town / West Point / Bull Run, and on left side, Flint Hill / Edwarde’s [sic] Ferry / Ball’s Bluff. Entire underside with a fancy edged wide panel carved in very professional manner in seven large lines of high relief, with seven lines naming seven battles fought by that regiment, commencing at top with Peach Orchard, followed by Savage Station / White Oak Swamp / Nelson's Farm / Malvern Hill / Forlorn Hope, and Fredericksburg. The small extension (into which a stem would be fitted) around its top and relief dates the various battles as Battles 61. 2 & 3. Also carved incised letters with name of owner or man for whom it was made W.M. Curtis. Overall width 3.5 in.; bowl height 3 in., dia. 1.75 in.

William M. Curtis enlisted in the army as a private on April 16, 1861 and mustered into the 4th Massachusetts Infantry, Co. D less than a week later. Serving a brief first term, he mustered out on July 22, 1861 at Boston Harbor only to muster into the 19th Massachusetts Infantry, Co. F, on March 25, 1862. He fought with the 19th through the Siege of Yorktown, the Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Battles of the Wilderness, and Spotsylvania. During that time the enemy captured Curtis at Glendale, VA on June 30, 1862, but he returned to service on August 6, 1862. He was wounded at the Battle of Antietam, but reenlisted on December 20, 1863. His valor on the battlefield earned him several promotions up to the rank of captain by October 8, 1864. On June 22, 1864, he was listed as a POW for the second time at Petersburg, VA, and was detained at Macon, GA, Columbia, SC, and Petersburg, VA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Hole in pipe just to right of "S" in "Curtis." Inventory number painted along rim of shank. Some light surface wear, some scratching, few spots.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Civil War Large Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to E.G. Bowen, 3rd New Hampshire Infantry Civil War Large Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to E.G. Bowen, 3rd New Hampshire Infantry

Civil War Large Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to E.G. Bowen, 3rd New Hampshire Infantry

Lot #133 (Sale Order 132 of 1143)

Extremely large folk art pipe carved from briar root. The shape of the bowl is almost triangular, starting very wide at top and narrowing with a decided rear wood curve on the almost pointed bottom. Carved in very large letters in high relief along top of pipe (near top of bowl) Liberty over a large shield (on the front), which bears the incised carving, N.H. / 3. On the reverse of that just below the bowl (and above that short projection for the stem) also in large, extremely high relief letters in two lines, E.G. Bowen / H.H. 1862. S.C. / FEB. 11. (Likely a reference to Hilton Head, SC). The large leaf and branch-like motif in high relief carved around that shield on the front, and along the flat top around the bowl. Overall width of the pipe with short projecting wood piece below bowl (into which the stem fits) is approx. 4 in.; bowl height 6.5 in., dia. approx. 2.5 in.

Edwin G. Bowen enlisted as a private on August 10, 1861. A few weeks later, he mustered into the 3rd New Hampshire Infantry, Co. A. It was a very active company and engaged in many battles across the coast. The 3rd NH was stationed at Hilton Head twice, once from November 1862 to April 1862, and again from June 1862 until April 1863. Bowen mustered out of his regiment on August 23, 1864.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Light surface wear. Inventory number painted along underside of shank. Overall very fine condition.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Lookout Mountain Folk Art Carved Pipe, Capt. F. Winter, 75th PA Infy, to Maj. James Harper, US Vols. Lookout Mountain Folk Art Carved Pipe, Capt. F. Winter, 75th PA Infy, to Maj. James Harper, US Vols.

Lookout Mountain Folk Art Carved Pipe, Capt. F. Winter, 75th PA Infy, to Maj. James Harper, US Vols.

Lot #134 (Sale Order 133 of 1143)

Folk art carved pipe, wood dark in color and nicely grained. Front of bowl with nicely carved, very very high relief open winged American eagle clutching arrows and olive branch in its claws, large American shield on its breast. Relief carved in letters above eagle encircling front of bowl, Lookout Mountain. Both the top of the bowl and top of the shank are fitted with silver mounts; the mount of bowl has its original hinged silver cover professionally engraved in five lines, To Major James Harper from Captain F. Winter as a Token of Regard. Overall width 3 in.; bowl height 2.75 in., dia. 1.375 in.

James Harper enlisted as a major and was commissioned into the US Volunteers, Paymaster's Department on November 26, 1864. He resigned on September 16, 1864, but was brevetted as a lieutenant colonel on March 13, 1865. It is possible that he resigned as paymaster but continued to serve.

Despite being born in Germany, Frederick Winter fought for the union cause. He enlisted as a captain and was commissioned into the 75th Pennsylvania Infantry, Co. I, on October 16, 1861. He fought at Bull Run, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg, before moving further south to Lookout Valley and Nashville. He mustered out at Franklin on September 1, 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Cracking in wood along back of bowl (below hinged silver cover), may have been varnished/painted over previously. Few scattered scratches, nicks. Some tarnish on silver mounts.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Wm. Allaw Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Wm. Allaw

Civil War Folk Art Carved Pipe Identified to Wm. Allaw

Lot #135 (Sale Order 134 of 1143)

Massive pipe, medium brown in color with nicely grained wood, finely carved in typical folk art style. Very unusual motifs almost fill the entire front of pipe, including animal-like figures with human heads (appears that the top one is wearing a kepi), with other full animals in reclining positions, plus a large human head and two smaller heads at bottom. Left side of pipe, top upper section of bowl with an open winged American eagle over a large heart-shaped American shield. To the right of that shield is a small figure, evidently made to resemble a soldier holding a small flag on a flagpole (which is touching the edge of the heart). The flag itself has no particular design incised carved upon it. Lower section on left side of bowl (below the American shield) carved with a very crude representation of a plain building over a small horizontal panel bearing a soldier’s name (all capitals) WM. ALLAW, over a relief carved representation of a five finger human hand. Right side of pipe, near top of bowl, with representation of an upward pointed crude heart design next to a bowl with flowers. A quaint pipe with especially nice finish and patina. Overall maximum width of bowl and shank approx. 4.25 in.; bowl height 5 in., dia. approx. 2.625 in. Wall of bowl especially thick and wide. No further information has been discovered regarding Wm. Allaw's Civil War service record.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Pipe very quaint in appearance. The finish and patina it has acquired are especially nice. Few cracks in pipe, including two in shield below eagle, one just to left of shield. One near underside of shank. Light surface wear, few nicks and spots.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Intricately Carved Folk Art Pipe Made from Root Found Near Harper's Ferry, 5th Ohio Vol., R. Wessel Intricately Carved Folk Art Pipe Made from Root Found Near Harper's Ferry, 5th Ohio Vol., R. Wessel

Intricately Carved Folk Art Pipe Made from Root Found Near Harper's Ferry, 5th Ohio Vol., R. Wessel

Lot #136 (Sale Order 135 of 1143)

Large, dramatic, folk art carved pipe made from laurel root, with relief carved, seven line inscription on one of the projections extending from the bowl, which states, This / Root was / Found on / the Banks of / the Potomac / Near / Harpers Ferry, with what looks to be zigzag lines (possibly representing the river banks) and a tree carved below, followed by seven more lines of text, This Pipe was / Made By / R. Wessel / A Member / of / the 5 OVI / C.A. A relief carved American flag flies over the inscription and is attached to a flag pole that extends to the line, Harpers Ferry. The reverse side of the projection showing the seven line inscription features a relief carved eagle with patriotic shield at its center, holding arrows in its talon, with what appears to be a cannon, bayonets, and crossed rifles carved below. Another extension of the root, which appears to represent the shank, features a second relief carved American flag with E. Pluribus / Unum below. The stars and stripes of the flag as well as the text are filled in with red seal wax (although some of the wax has worn away). Various sections of the pipe are carved in the forms of different creatures, including what looks to be a lizard, snake, a large cat that may be a panther following a smaller cat, which is perched atop what may be a lion clutching a small section of the pipe carved in the form of a tree trunk. The section featuring the two cats and lion are carved at the base of the bowl. Approx. 9 in. wide, approx. height 5 in.; bowl dia. 1 in.

Richard Wessel volunteered to join the army on June 21, 1861. That same day, he mustered in as a private with the 5th Ohio Volunteers, Co. A. He fought with the 5th OH for almost the duration of the war. He and his regiment fought most bravely at the Battle of Winchester. Against a barrage of heavy fire, the 5th Ohio displayed extraordinary valor and pushed on. Marveling at their bravery in the face of possible defeat, General Sullivan exclaimed, “Thank God, the brave 5th Ohio is still standing its ground and holding the rebels” (civilwardata.com). After the battle, 48 bullet holes littered the company flag and ten bullets tore through the state flag. As a token of thanks, the city council in Cincinnati presented the company with a beautiful stand of colors. It marched on to the Battle of Port Republic. There, the enemy took 185 of its men prisoner. Undeterred, the regiment fought bravely at Chancellorsville and Antietam where the men drained their cartridge boxes three times, shooting at least 100 bullets per man at the enemy. They participated at Gettysburg and led the charge through the clouds at Lookout Mountain. They fought alongside General Sherman’s forces at the Battle of Atlanta and his March to the Sea. At Rocky Mountain, the enemy captured Wessel but paroled him on May 5, 1864. Most likely exhausted but filled with extreme pride, Wessel mustered out of the army at Columbus, Ohio on March 26, 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some chips in wood, especially near edges of the different projections. Edge of shank with few larger chips. Some loss in red wax applied to American flag and text on shank. Some soiling in crevices of carved details. Few minor cracks in wood.

EST $ 2000 - 4000

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Folk Art Carved Pipe in Form of Soldier Sitting Atop a Cannon Barrel Folk Art Carved Pipe in Form of Soldier Sitting Atop a Cannon Barrel

Folk Art Carved Pipe in Form of Soldier Sitting Atop a Cannon Barrel

Lot #137 (Sale Order 136 of 1143)

Medium size, dark wood pipe carved in full bodied shape of a soldier seated while holding the bowl in his arms (bowl taking place of his chest and stomach). Soldier is sitting on a cannon barrel, which acts as the shank; muzzle of cannon edged in brass as is the round rim of the bowl. Overall width 5 in.; bowl height approx. 2 in. (not including the cannon barrel on which he is seated), dia. of bowl (not including the soldier’s body or shoulders) approx. .625 in. Cannon barrel itself measures approx. 3.5 in. No other carvings or markings appear on the pipe. Nicely polished and finished folk art carved pipe.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Displays typical aging, wear and use (but not abuse).

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Folk Art Carved Cane Featuring Likeness of Civil War Soldier Folk Art Carved Cane Featuring Likeness of Civil War Soldier

Folk Art Carved Cane Featuring Likeness of Civil War Soldier

Lot #138 (Sale Order 137 of 1143)

Medium to dark brown wood cane with handle carved in the form of a Civil War soldier wearing a kepi, 36.75 in. ln., 1.75 in. rubber tip. The crudely carved soldier is presented with a furrowed brow, long nose, and wide grin, with inset nails representing his eyes. Worn black paint represents his hair. Remainder of shaft with relief carved spiraling snake with small inset nails for eyes as well as black painted depictions of trees, a horse, a structure of some sort, and what appears to be a woman in a dress.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: The black paint has worn away making all details difficult to discern. Surface wear to wood, with some nicks, few chips (including tip of soldier's nose). A bit heavier wear to surface near handle and along surface of relief carved snake.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Cane Identified to P.J. Hardman, 74th Indiana Infantry, 1862 Civil War Cane Identified to P.J. Hardman, 74th Indiana Infantry, 1862

Civil War Cane Identified to P.J. Hardman, 74th Indiana Infantry, 1862

Lot #139 (Sale Order 138 of 1143)

Dark wood cane, bone carved handle with top that appears to be filled in with red seal wax, and tapered octagonal shaft with alligatored finish, 33.75 in. ln., 1.125 in. ferrule. Two of the eight sides of the bone section directly below the handle feature mother-of-pearl inlaid details including an acorn and panel with inscribed date, 1862, plus two diamonds; the octagonal enamel panel below features additional mother-of-pearl inlaid panels inscribed in red with the following name and battles: P.J. Hardman / Jonesboro / Mission Ridge / Chickamauga.

Peter J. Hardman enlisted in the army as a private with the 74th Indiana Infantry, Co. A, on July 28, 1862. The regiment was heavily engaged at Chickamauga, losing 20 of its men and leaving 129 wounded. It was also engaged at the battle of Kennesaw Mountain and Atlanta. Hardman finished his service and mustered out of Washington, DC on June 9, 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some wear on the cane with cracking of the glaze. Otherwise, it is in excellent condition.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Cane Identified to Andersonville POW, J.T. Brown, 1862 Civil War Folk Art Carved Cane Identified to Andersonville POW, J.T. Brown, 1862

Civil War Folk Art Carved Cane Identified to Andersonville POW, J.T. Brown, 1862

Lot #140 (Sale Order 139 of 1143)

Folk art carved wooden cane, medium to dark brown in color, 34 in. ln., approx. 2 in. ferrule. Remnants of what appears to be an inscribed, period tag can be seen on the octagonal handle, which reads, in part, rsonville P, which may refer to Andersonville Prison. The octagonal section below the handle is relief carved, Where / Liberty / Dwells / Their [sic] is / My Home / April 24th 1862 / J.T. Brown. The eighth side features two carved cannons. Each side includes a relief carved hand with index finger pointing downward. The eight sides are also decorated with carved hearts, a horse or donkey, cross, arrow, and rifles. Remainder of shaft with relief carved spiraling snake and lizard. No additional information has been uncovered regarding J.T. Brown's Civil War service record.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Remnants of tag on handle only partially legible. Some light surface wear to handle and shaft, including some nicks and surface abrasions. Few chips in cane near ferrule. Inventory numbers painted/inked on wood near ferrule and on ferrule.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Patriotic Folk Art Carved Cane Featuring Civil War Corps Badges Patriotic Folk Art Carved Cane Featuring Civil War Corps Badges

Patriotic Folk Art Carved Cane Featuring Civil War Corps Badges

Lot #141 (Sale Order 140 of 1143)

Light brown, elaborate, folk art carved wood cane, possibly made for a GAR veteran, 32.75 in. ln., 1.5 in. ferrule. The top of the handle is inlaid with a circular silver disc, 1.125 in. dia., adorned with Masonic symbol and initials, MJC. Over half of the entire length of the shaft is carved in raised relief, with a pattern of small, incised stars serving as the background. Below the handle is an American eagle perched atop a patriotic shield. A Masonic square and compass are carved on the opposite side of the eagle with crossed cannon and cannonballs below. The shaft also features relief carved Civil War corps badges, additional Masonic symbols, anchors, an arrow, rifle, crossed swords, a diamond with US carved at center, and more.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Few minor cracks in handle, few minor cracks in shaft. Some tarnish to ferrule. Overall very fine carved cane.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Presentation Vase ID'd to 2nd NY Heavy Artillery Sergts. Rust & Downer Civil War Folk Art Carved Presentation Vase ID'd to 2nd NY Heavy Artillery Sergts. Rust & Downer

Civil War Folk Art Carved Presentation Vase ID'd to 2nd NY Heavy Artillery Sergts. Rust & Downer

Lot #142 (Sale Order 141 of 1143)

Folk art carved presentation vase, made from mountain laurel wood, 2.5 x 3.5 in., decorated with a Union shield and eagle highlighted in gold underneath the words Excelsior, and a floral pattern above the initials INL. Underneath the base of the cup is the inscription: Manufactured from Laurel Wood by Sergts. Rust and Downer Feb. 1863/ Fort Corcoran/ Presented to Miss Laurie A. Rust.

Fort Corcoran was a wood-and-earthwork fortification constructed by the Union Army to defend Washington, DC in 1861. It was home to the Union Army Balloon Corps and the headquarters of the defenses of Washington south of the Potomac River as well as the 2nd New York Heavy Artillery.

One of the carvers or commissioners of the cup was most likely Sergeant Abel A. Rust. On November 18, 1861, Rust enlisted as a corporal at the age of 30-years-old. Prior to the war, he worked as a farmer, mechanic, and laborer. He mustered into the 2nd New York Heavy Artillery, Co. M, on November 23, 1861. He received a promotion to sergeant on July 1, 1862, only to be demoted to private on November 1, 1863. Rust earned back his former position as sergeant on December 12, 1863. He most likely purchased the cup for his youngest sibling, Laurie Ann Rust, while he was stationed at Fort Corcoran. A published genealogy of his family stated the following about Rust, “Slowly, day by day, the time for [Rust's] return grew less to his friends at home, until the time had almost arrived when simultaneously with the news that he was safe came the sad intelligence, ‘He is dead—killed by a rebel shell’…The brave soldier remembered the living and sent back his last utterance in a heaven inspired promise: ‘Tell them I will meet them in heaven’” (Albert Dexter Rust, Record of the Rust Family, p. 278). He died just before the Battle of Petersburg on June 17, 1864.

The second person identified on the cup could possibly be Sergeant Joseph E. Downer, who enlisted three days after Rust at Trenton Falls, NY as a corporal. It is highly probable that Downer and Rust knew one another or were friends. On November 23, 1861, Downer mustered into the same company and regiment as Rust, the 2nd New York Heavy Artillery, Co. M. He received his promotion to sergeant on July 1, 1862. Like Rust, he was killed on March 31, 1864 at Pamunkey River, VA.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some fading or wear on the cup on the bottom inscription. Some of the words can be difficult to decipher. Otherwise, it retains most, if not all, its original paint. There is a crack on one of the sides of the cup that was either repaired or original to the piece.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Private A.H. Barber, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Folk Art Carved and Inlaid Civil War Battle Record Private A.H. Barber, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Folk Art Carved and Inlaid Civil War Battle Record

Private A.H. Barber, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry, Folk Art Carved and Inlaid Civil War Battle Record

Lot #143 (Sale Order 142 of 1143)

Folk art carved, dark wood battle record, 11.5 x 11.5 in. x 1 in. deep, with bone border and stars in the corners, and an inlaid tree made of leaves, each carved with the name and date of a Civil War battle. The trunk is carved Battles for the Union and the four main branches Dept. of the South, Army of Virginia & of the Potomac, and Dept. of the West, with 29 leaves representing battles fought in 1861 and 1862. Carved nameplate at lower right reads A.H. Barber / Co. C / 2 Reg't. Wis.

Alexander H. Barber enlisted in Co. C of the 2nd Wisconsin on October 24, 1861, was wounded at Antietam (Sept. 17, 1862), and discharged for disability on May 15, 1863. Based on that record and the dates of the battles included in the piece, it seems likely that Private Barber carved it while recuperating from his wounds in late 1862 or early 1863.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 1000 - 1500

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Vermont 1st Cavalry Regimental Badge/Clip, Inscribed Round Top / Gettysburg Vermont 1st Cavalry Regimental Badge/Clip, Inscribed Round Top / Gettysburg

Vermont 1st Cavalry Regimental Badge/Clip, Inscribed Round Top / Gettysburg

Lot #144 (Sale Order 143 of 1143)

Silver clip, 1.75 x 0.875 in., engraved 1st Vt. Cav./ Co. F, with crossed cavalry swords. Both sides crudely inscribed, Round Top / Gettysburg.

The 1st Vermont Cavalry was one of the most tested cavalry regiments in the entire war. It participated in 76 engagements, starting with Mount Jackson in April 1862, ending at Appomattox, and including Gettysburg, the Overland Campaign, and the Siege of Petersburg. It lost 112 soldiers killed in action, 114 to disease, and another 149 who perished in Confederate prisons.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Tested as silver.

EST $ 800 - 1000

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Civil War ID Badge of Major John W. Davis, 25th Massachusetts Infantry, Wounded Three Times Civil War ID Badge of Major John W. Davis, 25th Massachusetts Infantry, Wounded Three Times

Civil War ID Badge of Major John W. Davis, 25th Massachusetts Infantry, Wounded Three Times

Lot #145 (Sale Order 144 of 1143)

Pinback in the shape of a shield, approx. 1 x 1.25 in., engraved, Lieut. J.W. Davis / Co. C / 25th Reg't Mass. Vol's. John W. Davis was a 42-year-old painter living in Worcester when he enlisted on October 2, 1861, and mustered in as first sergeant in Co. I of the 25th Massachusetts. He earned promotions to second and first lieutenant in April and October of 1862, and at some point transferred into Co. C. After going two and a half years without injury, Davis was wounded three times in two months while participating in Grant's Overland Campaign in the spring and summer of 1864: at Proctor's Creek (Drewry's Bluff) on May 16; at Cold Harbor on June 3; and at Petersburg on the 4th of July. None of his injuries are specified on the HDS database, but we do know he was promoted to the rank of captain in March 1865 and to major after Appomattox before mustering out on July 13, 1865.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Civil War Engraved Ring of Captain Charles J. Buckbee, 6th Connecticut Infantry Civil War Engraved Ring of Captain Charles J. Buckbee, 6th Connecticut Infantry

Civil War Engraved Ring of Captain Charles J. Buckbee, 6th Connecticut Infantry

Lot #146 (Sale Order 145 of 1143)

Ring made of a dark hardwood with a .75 x .5625 in. brass plate engraved Chas. J. Buckbee/ 6th Regt. CT. V./ Hilton Head S.C./ Novr. 8th 1861. Buckbee, from New Haven, enlisted September 2, 1861, and mustered into Co. F of the 6th Regiment with the rank of private. He served the entire war and was wounded twice -- at Drewry's Bluff and Fort Fisher -- and earned five promotions, ultimately reaching the rank of captain of Co. K on March 23, 1865. The date on the ring commemorates his and the 6th CT's first action of the war, when they stormed and took possession of Forts Walker and Beauregard following their bombardment by the US Navy.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Genl. McClellan Token/ID Tag of Amer. Indian Private Levi Konkapot, Jr., 2nd NYHA, KIA at Petersburg Genl. McClellan Token/ID Tag of Amer. Indian Private Levi Konkapot, Jr., 2nd NYHA, KIA at Petersburg

Genl. McClellan Token/ID Tag of Amer. Indian Private Levi Konkapot, Jr., 2nd NYHA, KIA at Petersburg

Lot #147 (Sale Order 146 of 1143)

Brass token, 29mm, obverse with the text Major General Geo. B. McClellan / War of 1861, and the reverse stamped L. Konkapot Jr. / Co. F. / 2d Reg. N.Y.V. Artlry. / Keshena, Wis., with a hole drilled through so that it could be worn as an identification tag.

Levi Konkapot, Jr.'s residence in not listed in the HDS records, but the town on the token is in Menominee County in Wisconsin, and his surname is present to this day in those parts. Nonetheless, he enlisted at Albany, NY, in Co. F, 2nd New York Heavy Artillery, in March 1862 and was killed in action at Petersburg on June 16, 1864. The HDS history of the 2nd NYHA notes that Co. F included "a number of Indians."

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 800 - 1000

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Civil War ID Badge of Corporal Charles J. Stuart, Co. F, 117th Illinois Infantry, DOW at Jackson, MS Civil War ID Badge of Corporal Charles J. Stuart, Co. F, 117th Illinois Infantry, DOW at Jackson, MS

Civil War ID Badge of Corporal Charles J. Stuart, Co. F, 117th Illinois Infantry, DOW at Jackson, MS

Lot #148 (Sale Order 147 of 1143)

Pinback badge in the shape of a shield, approx. 1 x 1.25 in., engraved Corp. C.J. Stuart / F / 117th Ill. V.I. / War of 1861. Charles J. Stuart, from Collinsville, IL, enlisted as a private in Co. F, 177th Illinois, on August 14, 1862, and was eventually promoted to corporal. HDS lists him as wounded in a skirmish at Jackson, MS, on February 5, 1864, and records show he died of his wounds the same day -- one of only a handful of soldiers of his regiment killed during the course of the war.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Exceptional Civil War Corps Badge of William H. Lewis, 72nd Illinois, Vicksburg 1863 Exceptional Civil War Corps Badge of William H. Lewis, 72nd Illinois, Vicksburg 1863

Exceptional Civil War Corps Badge of William H. Lewis, 72nd Illinois, Vicksburg 1863

Lot #149 (Sale Order 148 of 1143)

Silver, 1.5 x 2.75 in., two-part corps badge belonging to William H. Lewis, 72nd Illinois Infantry. The first part of the badge is beautifully engraved and cast with floral leaves at the top, a Union shield, and another inscription Vicksburg/ July 4, 1863. The second part is an octagonal metal inscribed with his name, regiment, and The Army of the Tennessee 1864 surrounding an arrow and 40 round cartridge bag. On its reverse is an engraved bald eagle.

Lewis enlisted as a private on August 14, 1862 and mustered into the 72nd Illinois Infantry, Co. B on August 21, 1862. He was present at the Siege of Vicksburg and mustered out of service on May 28, 1865.

Provenance: Property of Another Owner

Condition: Some tarnishing of the metal.

EST $ 2000 - 3000

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Civil War POW Folk Art Carved Bone Relic of W.J. Manary, 1st Massachusetts Infantry Civil War POW Folk Art Carved Bone Relic of W.J. Manary, 1st Massachusetts Infantry

Civil War POW Folk Art Carved Bone Relic of W.J. Manary, 1st Massachusetts Infantry

Lot #150 (Sale Order 149 of 1143)

Folk art carved bone, heart-shaped scarf ring, 1.25 x 1.5 in., with decorated and painted stars and banners reading W.J. Manary/ Prisoner Of War/ June 30 1862.

William J. Manary was born in Ireland but immigrated to the United States to work as a glass cutter. At age 21, he enlisted in the army as a private and mustered into the 1st Massachusetts on May 23, 1861. He fought at the Battle of Bull Run and the Siege of Yorktown before being wounded at the Battle of Williamsburg on May 5, 1862. He was listed as a POW on June 30, 1862 at Savage's Station and paroled. After his release, he returned to his regiment and fought at the Battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg before being discharged for disability on April 6, 1864. Soon after his discharge, he filed for his pension and married another Irish immigrant named Mary. He became a naturalized citizen on the United States in 1866 and continued to work as a glass cutter until at least 1880.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some minor surface scratches.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Bone Corps Badge of Private Louis Labre, Excelsior Brigade Civil War Folk Art Carved Bone Corps Badge of Private Louis Labre, Excelsior Brigade

Civil War Folk Art Carved Bone Corps Badge of Private Louis Labre, Excelsior Brigade

Lot #151 (Sale Order 150 of 1143)

Folk art carved corps badge made from bone, 1 x 1.5 in., with the following text carved and highlighted in red and blue on the front, L. Labre / Excelsior / 5 / Brigade.

At 24-years-old, Louis Labre enlisted in the army as a private on June 6, 1861. On June 27th, he mustered into the 74th New York Infantry, Co G. He fought at the Seven Days Battle and Fair Oaks as well as at Manassas, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and Petersburg. Labre mustered out of his regiment on June 26, 1864 at Alexandria, VA. He died ten years later, and his wife, Sara, filed for his pension in June 1874.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Some of the blue in "Labre" has worn a way a bit. With what appears to be "Labre" light scratched on reverse side of badge. Some light scratching on reverse side, remnants of inked note on reverse that appears to read "To."

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Folk Art Carved Bone ID Pendant of Captain J.A. Graham, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry Civil War Folk Art Carved Bone ID Pendant of Captain J.A. Graham, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry

Civil War Folk Art Carved Bone ID Pendant of Captain J.A. Graham, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry

Lot #152 (Sale Order 151 of 1143)

Folk art carved bone pendant, approx 1 x 1.5 in., featuring the figure of a horse and carved and painted text, Capt. J.A. Graham / Comp'y F / 13th Reg. Pa. Cav'y.

A resident of Cumberland County, Jacob A. Graham was commissioned a first lieutenant of Co. F, 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry, on September 2, 1862, was made the company's captain on the first anniversary of his service, and was discharged August 10, 1864. The 13th served almost entirely in Virginia, guarding railroad lines for much of their first year then taking part in some of the battles of the Overland Campaign, with their most remarkable service coming at The Wilderness and Cold Harbor.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 600 - 800

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Civil War POW Folk Art Carved Wood and Bone Dice Civil War POW Folk Art Carved Wood and Bone Dice

Civil War POW Folk Art Carved Wood and Bone Dice

Lot #153 (Sale Order 152 of 1143)

Lot of 3. It is common knowledge that gambling played a major role in relieving the monotony of army life in winter quarters and the long periods of idleness between campaigns, and especially in prison life. It was also a favorite subject for POW carvers and craftsmen, in both bone and wood, often mentioned in regimental histories and prison accounts. Gambling was undoubtedly one of the very most popular of all pastime activities! Here are three gambling devices of known soldier carving:

Huge massive size single unit (probably of a two piece set of dice), doubtful that it was intended for actual use in gambling and probably carved as a “tour de force,” representing an experimental achievement displaying the skill and ingenuity of the artful carver!

Extremely well made of a dark nicely grained wood each of its many sides very neatly and correctly inlaid with lighter brown (small round) circles (from one to six of them on the varying sides) exactly as found on the smaller sets. One side quite magnificent inlaid with two tones of medium and lighter wood and a very fancy multi-prong star motif. Beautifully carved on one side as well with very large fancy old English letters C.S.A. in a flowing riband-like panel [Confederate States of America] and on two other sides with old English (upper and lowercase) words West…of the. It does seem quite obvious that there was another die at one time to make a matched pair in which would have continued the statement commenced here, West of the… All sides are equal at 2 in. in length, making it quite massive in size and obviously beyond use as an actual gambling implement.

Plus, a comically small set of dice acquired many years ago with a series of other prisoner of war carvings, very regrettably its actual origins as to maker long lost; however, the item itself is completely intact and consists of: small white bone bullet shaped carving just 1.75 in. overall, some simple neat horizontal line carvings and decoration in both red and black of pairs of dice on its outer shell. The tiny screw-up white bone, when removed allows two complete pairs of the tiniest white bone dice to pour out. Each individual die being just slightly smaller than one eighth of an inch squared. Two sets that are obviously in the running for being the world’s tiniest sets of dice! (midget dice; certainly qualifying as “miniature” dice; or any one of numerous interchangeable terminology).

As with the huge single wooden die above, it may have been made merely as a curiosity or “tour de force,” but when one reads some of the accounts of gambling and how it was brought into play in the most unusual or unlikely spots, it is conceivable that this tiny set would have been very easily portable and not a hindrance as far as weight or size was concerned and would have been usable, especially if those engaged in the game had very good eyesight!

Accompanied by a pair of dice carved in bone, approx. .375 in. cubed.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 600 - 800

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3 Confederate POW Folk Art Carved Items, Incl. Lieut. J.H. Counts, 13th SC, Present at Gettysburg 3 Confederate POW Folk Art Carved Items, Incl. Lieut. J.H. Counts, 13th SC, Present at Gettysburg

3 Confederate POW Folk Art Carved Items, Incl. Lieut. J.H. Counts, 13th SC, Present at Gettysburg

Lot #154 (Sale Order 153 of 1143)

Lot of 3 items carved from bone, including one in the shape of a small book, 1.5 x 1.25 in., with brass inlay, with CSA 1861 carved on the cover and Confederate States of America on the back; a necktie ring with the initials W.W.C. and Suffolk, Va./ 1863; and a pendant, 1.25 in. in dia., reading on the obverse, Lieut. J.H. Counts/ Co. G/ 13th S.C. Regt/ McGowans Brig/ Wilcox Div/A.P Hills Corps/ R.E. Lee's Army, and on reverse a list of battles fought, including Mechanicsville, Cold Harbor, Frazier's Farm, 2nd Manassas, Ox Hill, Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, Shepard's Town[sic], Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Falling Water. HDS list John H. Counts as having been commissioned lieutenant in Co. G, 13th South Carolina Infantry, on September 1, 1861, but includes no other details.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

EST $ 800 - 1200

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Civil War Powder Horn Identified to G.W.S. Jr., Sabine Pass, September 1863 Civil War Powder Horn Identified to G.W.S. Jr., Sabine Pass, September 1863

Civil War Powder Horn Identified to G.W.S. Jr., Sabine Pass, September 1863

Lot #155 (Sale Order 154 of 1143)

Very large carved powder horn, nicely curved size, overall approx. 22 in. Finely curved wooden face with fancy acorn carved motif at its top. Very nicely and specially carved wide octagonal spout, with original fancily carved removable wooden plug that is still affixed to the horn with original narrow iron chain. The carving style is typical of other examples made at Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas. The center of the powder horn features three very large lines in quite fancy, upper and lowercase, block lettering, G.W.S. JR. / Sept. 8th, 1863 / Sabine Pass, and below the Sabine Pass marking, an open branch and leaf with floral motif. Lower section of horn features a very large, rather crude (but original) illustration of an American naval vessel (side paddlewheel steamer type) with a long flowing narrow American flag flying at top of the rear mast and a larger American flag flying on pole at extreme stern, with a cannon barrel just behind it and another cannon facing forward at its extreme bow. It is quite possible that this was intended for a prisoner who may have been associated with the navy.

Near dawn, on the morning of September 8, 1863, a Union flotilla crept up river with the purpose of invading and occupying Texas. Prior to the Battle of Sabine Pass, there was little action for the Confederate forces. Some of the officers occupying the area were sent there as punishment. To combat boredom, soldiers practiced firing rounds at range markers placed in the river. Their adept shooting served them and thwarted the four Union gunboats and seven troop transports. Their victory resulted in the capture of 300 Union prisoners and two gunboats.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Light surface wear, few scratches.

EST $ 500 - 700

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Civil War Carved Powder Horn Identified to Tyler, Texas POW, J. Holmes, 120th Ohio Infantry Civil War Carved Powder Horn Identified to Tyler, Texas POW, J. Holmes, 120th Ohio Infantry

Civil War Carved Powder Horn Identified to Tyler, Texas POW, J. Holmes, 120th Ohio Infantry

Lot #156 (Sale Order 155 of 1143)

Large carved horn, nicely curved shape with well made (entirely fluted in circular design) wooden plug at bottom, octagonal carved spout, overall approx. 16 in. including curve. Typical Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas carving, featuring five very fancy lines carved in large block letter style over half the length of one side of the horn, J. Holmes / Prisoner of War / Tyler Texas / Captured at Snaggy Point Red River, La / MAY. 3d ’64. The horn's opposite side has two very large (almost half length of horn) typical Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas carvings, one of them depicting a large figure of lady liberty holding a flagpole, with a large American flag flying and partially wrapped around her back. She holds a sword in her right arm that points to a very large American shield at her lower leg, which is also inscribed Union. At bottom, to the left of lady liberty, a very large American eagle is depicted, its wings upraised with shield on breast, standing atop a second and larger American shield with two large American flags on poles flying to the right and left of the eagle, riband below. The center of the horn, above the eagle, features a smaller design comprised of an American shield with crossed American flags above it and scroll, floral-like motifs at each side of the shield. A large, quaint floral / leaf-like motif and a smaller heart motif are also carved above the name, J. Holmes.

Jonathan Holmes enlisted as a private and mustered into the 120th Ohio Infantry, Co. F on December 19, 1862. While traveling by steamer during the Red River Expedition, Confederate forces attacked and captured most of his regiment. The Confederates interned Holmes and other men at Camp Ford, the largest Confederate-run prison west of the Mississippi River. Holmes was either exchanged or escaped prison and returned to the front. On November 27, 1864, he transferred to the 114th Ohio Infantry. He served with them until he was discharged at an unspecified date and time.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Attractive horn, nice patina. Crack along rim of horn, near wooden plug (below Lady Liberty's foot). Few light scratches, nicks in horn.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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Civil War POW Carved Powder Horn ID'd to Wilhelm Tritz, 9th WI Infy, Camp Ford, Tyler, TX, 1865 Civil War POW Carved Powder Horn ID'd to Wilhelm Tritz, 9th WI Infy, Camp Ford, Tyler, TX, 1865

Civil War POW Carved Powder Horn ID'd to Wilhelm Tritz, 9th WI Infy, Camp Ford, Tyler, TX, 1865

Lot #157 (Sale Order 156 of 1143)

Medium sized horn, very nicely curved with a well carved octagon shaped spout, wooden base similar to Lot 156, with the round fluted design and wooded knob plug at its extreme bottom, overall approx. 17 in. Considering the similarities between this horn and the examples offered as Lots 156 and 158, it has been suggested that this was made by the same Camp Ford, Tyler, Texas carver. The horn is neatly carved at center in large block letters in semi-circular panel, Wm Tritz [could be T. Ritz] Co. E. 9. W.V.I. (West Virginia Infantry), and in three lines below, also in large letters, Tyler / Texas / 1863. Lower half of horn with almost identical design and style below the inscription, comprised of an open winged American eagle and shield over an even larger American shield with four crossed American flags over drum and cannon. Reverse side of horn with a large figure of lady liberty (identical to Lot 156) holding large American flag (partly wrapped around her on a staff / pole). In her right hand, she holds a sword that is pointing downward toward a very large American shield at her lower leg and foot. The horn is also decorated with smaller floral / leaf / branch designs. Upper part of horn features a depiction of a large wooden fence and a larger hinged wooden gate at center. On each side of that can be seen the head and shoulders of a soldier carrying a musket with a bayonet on his shoulder (obviously the guards of the prison) and below that fence, Camp Ford, is incised carved.

Wilhelm Tritz immigrated to the United States at the age of eight. Even though he was not an American citizen and under the legal age to fight, he enlisted in the United States Army on November 7, 1861. The 17-year-old served as a bugler for the 9th Wisconsin Infantry, Co. H, until he mustered out on July 22, 1865. He was listed as a POW at Newtonia, MO in September 1862 and at Jenkins Ferry in Arkansas in March 1864. Despite his service, he did not become a naturalized citizen until 1874.

Provenance: N. Flayderman and Co., Inc.

Condition: Few nicks, scratches in surface of horn. Small crack along rim near wooden base, just below lady liberty's shield.

EST $ 3000 - 5000

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